Garcia de Orta’s Colloquies on the Simples and Drugs of India (1563) was one of the first books to take advantage of the close relationship between medicine, trade and empire in the early modern period. The book was printed in Goa, the capital of the Portuguese empire in the East, and the city where the author, a Portuguese physician of Jewish ancestry, lived for almost thirty years. It presents a vast array of medical information on various drugs, spices, plants, fruits and minerals native to India or adjoining territories. In addition, it includes information concerning indigenous methods of healing as well as a far-reaching assessment of ancient and modern authors on Asian materia medica. Orta’s book had a market in Asia but was particularly valuable to a European audience. It soon attracted the attention of various European authors and printers by providing the basis for adaptations, commentaries and editions in various languages, prompting a successful and complex trail of medical knowledge in transit. Authored by an interdisciplinary team of prominent international scholars, the volume takes into account recent historiographical trends and provides a contextualized and innovative analysis of the histories and reception of the Colloquies. It emphasizes the value of the work to historians today as a symbol of the impact of geographical expansion and globalization in a sixteenth-century medical world.
Table of Contents
Foreword; Introduction, Palmira Fontes da Costa; Garcia de Orta in the context of the Sephardic diaspora, Jon Arrizabalaga; Locating Garcia de Orta in the port city of Goa and the Indian Ocean world, Michael Pearson; Garcia de Orta’s Colóquios: context and afterlife of a dialogue, Ines G. Županov; A ‘pleasant banquet of words’: therapeutic virtues and alimentary consumption in Garcia de Orta's Colloquies on the Simples and Drugs of India, Inês de Ornellas e Castro; Between science and philology: taxonomy of errors in Garcia de Orta’s Colloquies, Isabel Soler and Juan Pimentel; Cultures of inquiry, myths of empire: natural history in colonial Goa, Hugh Cagle; Trading in medical simples and developing the new science: de Orta and his contemporaries, Harold J. Cook; Garcia de Orta and Amato Lusitano’s views on Materia Medica: a comparative perspective, António Manuel Lopes Andrade; Figuring exotic nature in 16th-century Europe: Garcia de Orta and Carolus Clusius, Florike Egmond; East Indies, West Indies: Garcia de Orta and the Spanish treatises on exotic Materia Medica, José Pardo Tomás; ‘Enduring echoes of Garcia de Orta’: The Royal Hospital Gardens in Goa and evolving hybridization in Portuguese colonial medical culture, Timothy D. Walker; Identity and the construction of memory in representations of Garcia de Orta, Palmira Fontes da Costa; Afterword, Andrew Cunningham; Index.
Palmira Fontes da Costa holds a PhD in History of Science from the University of Cambridge and is Assistant Professor in Historiography and History of Science at the Universidade Nova de Lisboa (FCT). She is also a Member of the Interuniversitary Centre of History of Science and Technology (CIUHCT, Lisbon). Her areas of expertise are the history of medicine and the history of natural history during the early modern period. She is the author of The Singular and the Making of Knowledge at the Royal Society of London in the Eighteenth Century, 2009 and, among others, the editor, of Percursos na HistÃ³ria do Livro Médico 1450-1800, 2011 (edited with A. Cardoso) and O Corpo InsÃ³lito: DissertaÃ§Ãµes sobre Monstros no Portugal do século XVIII, 2005.
"This volume will be an essential reference work on Orta for years to come." - Iona McCleery, University of Leeds