Medicine and Evolution: Current Applications, Future Prospects, 1st Edition (Hardback) book cover

Medicine and Evolution

Current Applications, Future Prospects, 1st Edition

Edited by Sarah Elton, Paul O'Higgins

CRC Press

320 pages | 29 B/W Illus.

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pub: 2008-06-02
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Can an evolutionary perspective be integrated in day-to-day practice and is it of value in medical education and training? If so, when and how? Highlighting exciting areas of research into the evolutionary basis of health and disease, Medicine and Evolution: Current Applications and Future Prospects answers these questions and more. It draws on work from anthropologists, life scientists, and clinicians to provide a multidisciplinary perspective. Contributors emphasize practical applications and address how their work may inform clinical practice and medical education. They consider when evolutionary viewpoints might and might not be useful and conduct critical debates on controversial areas such as race-based pharmaceuticals.

Presenting new data and weighing relevant evidence, the book introduces novel viewpoints on nutrition, diabetes, fertility, pediatrics, immune response, and psychiatry. The book brings anthropologically sophisticated, evidence-based discussions to common beliefs such as the role decreased parasite load plays in increasing vulnerability to certain diseases, variations in human environments and human adaptability, daily protein requirements, reasons for early pregnancy loss, and optimal mother-infant sleeping arrangements, as well as fresh ideas about syndromes as diverse as delusions and polycystic ovary syndrome.

A critical assessment of evolutionary medicine and its potential to unlock the mysteries behind some of today’s most baffling chronic diseases, this book provides physicians with a more accurate view of the body and a better ability to assess health and disease.

Table of Contents

Introduction, S. Elton and P. O’Higgins

Environments, Adaptation, and Evolutionary Medicine, Should We Be Eating a Stone Age Diet? S. Elton

Human Protein Requirements and Infection Stress among Young Children at the Origins of Agriculture, S.J. Ulijaszek

Evolutionary Perspectives on Type 2 Diabetes in Asia, T.M. Pollard, A. Núñez-de la Mora, and N.C. Unwin

Seasonality, Climatic Unpredictability, Food Deprivation, and Polycystic Ovary Syndrome, L. Shaw and S. Elton

Evolution and Endocrinology, The Regulation of Pregnancy Outcomes, V.J. Vitzthum

Evolutionary Paediatrics, A Case Study in Applying Darwinian Medicine, H. Ball

The Role of Helminthes in Human Evolution, Implications for Global Health in the 21st Century, A.M. Hurtado, M.A. Frey, I. Hurtado, K. Hill, and J. Baker

Nonbizarre Delusions as Strategic Deception, E.H. Hagen

Practical Aspects of Evolutionary Medicine, G.R. Bentley and R. Aunger

Comparative and Evolutionary Biology in Medical and Dental Education, M.C. Dean

Is There a Place for Evolutionary Medicine in UK Medical Education? P. O’Higgins and S. Elton

Would Darwin Recognize Himself Here? J. Marks


About the Series

Society for the Study of Human Biology

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Subject Categories

BISAC Subject Codes/Headings:
SCIENCE / Life Sciences / Evolution
SCIENCE / Life Sciences / Biology / Developmental Biology
SOCIAL SCIENCE / Anthropology / Physical