Metal Oxides : Chemistry and Applications book cover
1st Edition

Metal Oxides
Chemistry and Applications

ISBN 9780824723712
Published August 24, 2005 by CRC Press
808 Pages

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Book Description

The chemistry of metals has traditionally been more understood than that of its oxides. As catalytic applications continue to grow in a variety of disciplines, Metal Oxides: Chemistry and Applications offers a timely account of transition-metal oxides (TMO), one of the most important classes of metal oxides, in the context of catalysis.

The first part of the book examines the crystal and electronic structure, stoichiometry and composition, redox properties, acid-base character, and cation valence states, as well as new approaches to the preparation of ordered TMO with extended structure of texturally defined systems. The second part compiles some practical aspects of TMO applications in materials science, chemical sensing, analytical chemistry, solid-state chemistry, microelectronics, nanotechnology, environmental decontamination, and fuel cells. The book examines many types of reactions - such as dehydration, reduction, selective oxidations, olefin metathesis, VOC removal, photo- and electrocatalysis, and water splitting - to elucidate how chemical composition and optical, magnetic, and structural properties of oxides affect their surface reactivity in catalysis.

Drawing insight from leading international experts, Metal Oxides: Chemistry and Applications is a comprehensive and interdisciplinary reference for researchers that may also be used by newcomers as a guide to the field.

Table of Contents

Molecular Structures of Surface Metal Oxide Species: Nature of Catalytic Active Sites in Mixed Metal Oxides. Nanostructured Supported Metal Oxides. Defect Chemistry and Transport in Metal Oxides. Cation Valence States of Transitional Metal Oxides Analyzed by Electron Energy-Loss Spectroscopy. Surface Processes and Composition of Metal Oxide Surfaces. The Electronic Structure of Metal Oxides. Optical and Magnetic Properties of Metal Oxides. Redox Properties of Metal Oxides. The Surface Acidity and Basicity of Solid Oxides and Zeolites. Optical Basicity: A Scale of Acidity/Basicity of Solids and Its Application to Oxidation Catalysis. Investigation of the Nature and Number of Surface Active Sites of Supported and Bulk Metal Oxide Catalysts through Methanol Chemisorption. Combinatorial Approaches to Design Complex Metal Oxides. Propane Selective Oxidation to Propene and Oxygenates on Metal Oxides. Methane Oxidation on Metal Oxides. Oxidative Dehydrogenation (ODH) of Alkanes over Metal Oxide Catalysts. Metathesis of Olefins on Metal Oxides. Applications of Metal Oxides for Volatile Organic Compound Combustion. Hydrogenation of Carbon Oxides on Metal Oxides. Photocatalysis: Photocatalysis on Titanium Oxide-Based Catalysts. Photocatalytic Activity forWater Decomposition of RuO2-Dispersed p-Block Metal Oxides with d10 Electronic Configuration. Selective Catalytic Reduction (SCR) Processes on Metal Oxides. Gas Sensors Based on Semiconducting Metal Oxides. Fuel Electrodes for Solid Oxide Fuel Cells. Index

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J. L. G. Fierro