Metal Poisoning in Fish: 1st Edition (Hardback) book cover

Metal Poisoning in Fish

1st Edition

By Elsa M. B. Sorensen

CRC Press

384 pages

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Hardback: 9780849342684
pub: 1991-05-03
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Description

Metal Poisoning in Fish provides a comprehensive look at many aspects of metal poisoning of euryhaline and stenohaline fish. Metals and metalloids are considered individually and collectively and include arsenic, lead, selenium, copper, cadmium, mercury, and zinc. This informative, readable volume is designed to help regulatory personnel, enforcement personnel, and scientists understand the impact of these elements on fish. Topics covered include mechanisms of action, toxicity, biological effects, accumulation, tissue distribution, concentration factors, maximum acceptable toxicant concentrations, application factors, biological half-lives, uptake kinetics, depuration kinetics, elemental speciation, and detoxification mechanisms. The book emphasizes the use of data gathered from a variety of sources to pinpoint specific elemental agents as causal factors in the morbidity and mortality of fish.

Table of Contents

INTRODUCTION. INTRODUCTION. CHEMICAL AND PHYSICAL PROPERTIES OF ELEMENTS CONSIDERED. TERMINOLOGY OF METAL POISONING. SUMMARY. REFERENCES. SELENIUM. INTRODUCTION. ENVIRONMENTAL EXPOSURES. GENERAL TOXICOLOGY. REPRODUCTIVE TOXICITY. ACCUMULATION. BIOLOGICAL EFFECTS. Hematology. Histopathology. Other Alterations. SUMMARY. REFERENCES. ARSENIC. INTRODUCTION. ENVIRONMENTAL EXPOSURES. TOXICITY. ACCUMULATION AND RETENTION. HISTOPATHOLOGY. Arsenic-Inclusions. Necrotic and Fibrous Bodies. Hemosiderin Granules. Myelin Figures. SUMMARY. REFERENCES. LEAD. INTRODUCTION. ENVIRONMENTAL EXPOSURES. TOXICITY. ACCUMULATION AND DISTRIBUTION. BIOLOGICAL EFFECTS. Hematological Alterations. Respiratory Changes. Neuronal and Muscular Abnormalities. Behavioral Changes. Additional Effects. SUMMARY. REFERENCES. ZINC. INTRODUCTION. ENVIRONMENTAL EXPOSURES. TOXICITY. In Vivo Studies. In Vitro Studies. ACCUMULATION AND DISTRIBUTION. RETENTION. BIOLOGICAL EFFECTS. Behavioral Changes. Physiological Alterations. Histopathology. Enzymatic Alterations. Protective Mechanisms. SUMMARY. REFERENCES. CADMIUM. INTRODUCTION. ENVIRONMENTAL EXPOSURES. TOXICITY. ACCUMULATION AND TISSUE DISTRIBUTION. ELIMINATION. BIOLOGICAL EFFECTS. Vertebral Alterations. Respiratory Changes. Histopathology. Reproductive Effects. Hematology. Plasma Changes. Enzymatic Effects. Protective Mechanisms. SUMMARY. REFERENCES. COPPER. INTRODUCTION. TOXICITY. ACCUMULATION. BIOLOGICAL EFFECTS. Histopathology. Hematology. Behavior. Physiology. Reproduction. SUMMARY. REFERENCES. MERCURY. INTRODUCTION. ENVIRONMENTAL EXPOSURES. Methylation. Contamination Sites. TOXICITY. General Information. Reproductive Toxicity. ACCUMULATION AND RETENTION. Mucous Production. Demethylation. Temperature. Exposure Level and Time. Source. Chemical Form. Life Stage. BIOLOGICAL EFFECTS. Histopathology. Hematology. Behavior. SUMMARY. REFERENCES. INTERACTIONS. INTRODUCTION. EVALUATION OF THE TOXICITY OF A MIXTURE. TOXICITY OF SPECIFIC MIXTURES OF ELEMENTS. Copper and Zinc. Copper and Mercury. Copper and Methylmercury. Copper, Zinc, and Nickel. Selenium and Mercury. ACCUMULATION OF ELEMENTS FROM MIXTURES. Copper, Zinc, Mercury, Iron, and Manganese. Selenium and Mercury. Selenium, Mercury, Zinc, and Iron. SUMMARY. REFERENCES. APPENDIX I: EPA WATER QUALITY CRITERIA SUMMARY FOR PRIORITY POLLUTANTS. INDEX

Subject Categories

BISAC Subject Codes/Headings:
SCI026000
SCIENCE / Environmental Science
SCI039000
SCIENCE / Life Sciences / Biology / Marine Biology
SCI086000
SCIENCE / Life Sciences / General