Methods of Experimental Physics: 1st Edition (Hardback) book cover

Methods of Experimental Physics

1st Edition

By M. I. Pergament

CRC Press

362 pages | 159 B/W Illus.

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Hardback: 9780750306089
pub: 2014-10-23
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Description

Based on the modern approach of information theory, this book presents novel experimental techniques, tools, and data processing methods for physics applications. It shows readers how to plan and conduct experiments, design and certify measuring equipment, and process and interpret the experimental data.

Drawing on his extensive experience in experimental research, the author discusses the theory of systems for measuring and recording data, the equipment and methods used for studying fast processes, the basic methods of experimental physics, and the methods for interpretation and data processing. Bringing together approaches that have previously been scattered in the literature, the book covers high-speed photography, Fourier optics, spectroscopy, interferometry, holography, electromagnetic waves, X-rays, and corpuscular investigation.

Reviews

"Apart from being very competent with the issues of experimental measurement methods and, particularly, the area of measurement and interpretation of information obtained via registration of electromagnetic radiation, M. Pergament possesses a remarkable skill in outlining the problem and showing ways to solve it. Undeniable literary talent combined with the author’s experience and broad-mindedness makes his books not only cognitive in the context of understanding true measurement methods and interpretation of results but also absolutely riveting. All these qualities of the author are demonstrated in this book."

—Professor Valery Kurnaev, Head of Plasma Physics Department, National Research Nuclear University MEPhI

"The author concentrates on the principles of the methods rather than excessive detail to give the reader the ability to plan and conduct experiments and to select the proper equipment for measurements that suit the reader's needs. The clear and concise presentation of each method with the background theory, along with many examples, allows the reader to gain a good understanding of the technique being presented and thus enables the reader to apply this knowledge to their individual situation. … The background and methods used in this book provide an excellent basis for understanding many useful measurement techniques that can be used to quantify the world around us. Experimentalists using the type of equipment described will thoroughly enjoy this book."

—John J. Shea, from IEEE Electrical Insulation Magazine, November/December 2015

Table of Contents

Introduction

Indirect Data and Inverse Problems

Experiment and Stochasticity of the Physical World

General Properties of Measuring-Recording Systems

Linear Measuring-Recording Systems

Transfer Function and Convolution Equation

Transfer Ratio, Amplitude-Frequency and Phase-Frequency Characteristics, and Relation Between Input and Output Signals in Fourier Space

Some Consequences

Discretization

Communication Theory Approach

Determination of the Measuring-Recording System Parameters

Studying Pulse Processes

Time Interval Measurement and Some Elements of Counting Schemes

Measuring Time Dependence

Measuring Light Impulses of Femtosecond Duration

Photographic Methods of Experimental Research and High-Speed Photography

Optical-Mechanical Cameras

Electron-Optical Converters and Cameras

CCD and CMOS Structures Cameras

Photolayers

Electro-Optical Shutters

Summary

Fourier Optics and Fourier Spectroscopy

Diffraction by Optical Transparencies

Filtration in the Fourier Plane

Diffraction Theory of the Resolution of Optical Devices

Fourier Spectroscopy

Methods of Spectroscopy

Spectral Devices and Their Main Characteristics

Dispersive Elements

High Resolution Spectral Devices

Special Methods of Spectral Analysis

Interferometry and Shadow Methods

Interferometry

Light Intensity Distribution in an Interferometric Pattern

Processing Interferograms

Shadowgraphy and Schlieren Techniques

Holographic Methods of Research

Photographic Layers in Holography

Formation of Holograms and Reconstruction of Wavefronts

Reconstruction Techniques

Electromagnetic Probing

Electromagnetic Wave Propagation in Media

Scattering by Density Fluctuations

Brillouin Scattering

Thomson, Rayleigh, and Resonance Scattering

Scattering from Moving Electrons

Collective Scattering in Plasma

Instrumental Realization

Measurements in the X-Ray Region of the Spectrum

Spectral Domain and Sources of X-Ray Radiation

X-ray Detectors

Experimental Equipment and Methods for X-Ray Measurements

Corpuscular Investigation Methods

Basal Principles

Analyzers and Mass Spectrometers for Charged Particles

Measurement Methods

Methods of Experimental Data Processing

Models

Reconstruction of Input Signals

Preliminary Processing of Experimental Data Filtering

Quasi-Real Experiments

Reconstructed Signal Accuracy

About the Series

Graduate Student Series in Physics

Learn more…

Subject Categories

BISAC Subject Codes/Headings:
SCI055000
SCIENCE / Physics