MicroComputed Tomography: Methodology and Applications, Second Edition, 2nd Edition (Hardback) book cover

MicroComputed Tomography

Methodology and Applications, Second Edition, 2nd Edition

By Stuart R. Stock

CRC Press

424 pages | 26 Color Illus. | 88 B/W Illus.

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Description

MicroComputed Tomography has become the gold standard for studying 3D microscopic structures nondestructively, and this book provides up-to-date coverage of the modality. The first part of the book focuses on methodology, covering experimental methods, data analysis, and visualization approaches. Emphasis is on fundamentals so that those new to the field can design their own effective microCT studies. The second part addresses various microCT applications, organized by type of microstructure so that the reader can appreciate approaches from other disciplines. The applications include porous solids, microstructural evolution, soft tissue studies, applications using x-ray phase contrast or x-ray scattering contrast, and multimode studies.

Table of Contents

Preface

Acknowledgements

Biography

List of Abbreviations

List of Tables

List of Figures

1. INTRODUCTION

2. FUNDAMENTALS

2.1 X-radiation

2.2 Imaging

2.3 X-ray contrast and imaging

3. RECONSTRUCTION FROM PROJECTIONS

3.1 Basic concepts

3.2 Iterative reconstruction illustrated by the Algebraic Reconstruction Technique (ART)

3.3 Analytic reconstruction - Back projection

3.4 Analytic reconstruction - Fourier-based reconstruction

3.5 Reconstruction employing machine learning and deep learning

3.6 Performance

3.7 Sinograms

3.8 Related methods

4. MICRO-CT SYSTEMS AND THEIR COMPONENTS

4.1 Absorption microCT methods

4.2 X-ray sources

4.3 Detectors

4.4 Positioning components

4.5 Tube-based systems prior to 2008

4.6 Tube based systems since 2008

4.7 Synchrotron radiation systems before 2008

4.8 Synchrotron radiation systems since 2008

4.9 NanoCT (full-field, microscopy-based)

4.10 MicroCT with phase contrast

4.11 MicroCT with x-ray fluorescence

4.12 MicroCT with scattered x-rays

4.13 System Specification

5. MICRO-CT IN PRACTICE

5.1 Reconstruction artefacts

5.2 Performance: Precision and accuracy

5.3 Contrast enhancement

5.4 Data acquisition challenges

5.5 Specimen damage

5.6 Speculations

6. EXPERIMENT DESIGN, DATA ANALYSIS, VISUALIZATION

6.1 Experiment design

6.2 Data analysis

6.3 Data representation

7. “SIMPLE” METROLOGY AND MICROSTRUCTURE QUANTIFICATION

7.1 Distribution of phases

7.2 Metrology and phylogeny

8. CELLULAR OR TRABECULAR SOLIDS

8.1 Cellular solids

8.2 Static cellular structures

8.3 Temporally evolving, non-mineralized-tissue cellular structures

8.4 Mineralized tissue

8.5 Implants and tissue scaffolds

9. NETWORKS

9.1 Engineered network solids

9.2 Networks of pores

9.3 Circulatory system

9.4 Respiratory system

9.5 Networks of nerves

10. MICROSTRUCTURAL EVOLUTION

10.1 Food and pharmaceuticals

10.2 Materials processing

10.3 Environmental interactions

10.4 Bone and soft tissue adaptation

11. MECHANICALLY-INDUCED DAMAGE, DEFORMATION AND CRACKING

11.1 Deformation studies

11.2 Cracks and failure - monolithic materials

11.3 Cracks and failure - composites

12. MULTIMODE STUDIES AND NON-ABSORPTION MODALITIES

12.1 Multi mode studies

12.2 Reconstruction other than with absorption or phase contrast

About the Author

Dr. Stuart R. Stock is a Research Professor of Cell and Developmental Biology at Feinberg School of Medicine, Northwestern University, Chicago. Dr. Stock has used x-ray diffraction for materials characterization for over forty years and he currently collects data at the Advanced Photon Source.

Subject Categories

BISAC Subject Codes/Headings:
TEC007000
TECHNOLOGY & ENGINEERING / Electrical
TEC019000
TECHNOLOGY & ENGINEERING / Lasers & Photonics
TEC021000
TECHNOLOGY & ENGINEERING / Material Science
TEC059000
TECHNOLOGY & ENGINEERING / Biomedical