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MicroComputed Tomography
Methodology and Applications



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ISBN 9781420058765
Published December 23, 2008 by CRC Press
348 Pages - 94 B/W Illustrations

 
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Book Description

Due to the availability of commercial laboratory systems and the emergence of user facilities at synchrotron radiation sources, studies of microcomputed tomography or microCT have increased exponentially. MicroComputed Technology provides a complete introduction to the technology, describing how to use it effectively and understand its results.

The first part of the book focuses on methodology, covering experimental methods, data analysis, and visualization approaches. The second part addresses various microCT applications, including porous solids, microstructural evolution, soft tissue studies, multimode studies, and indirect analyses. The author presents a sufficient amount of fundamental material so that those new to the field can develop a relative understanding of how to design their own microCT studies.

One of the first full-length references dedicated to microCT, this book provides an accessible introduction to field, supplemented with application examples and color images.

Table of Contents

Preface
Acknowledgments
Biography
Introduction
References
Fundamentals
X-Radiation
Imaging
X-Ray Contrast and Imaging
References
Reconstruction from Projections
Basic Concepts
Algebraic Reconstruction
Back-Projection
Fourier-Based Reconstruction
Performance
Sinograms
References
MicroCT Systems and Their Components
Absorption MicroCT Methods
X-Ray Sources
Detectors
Positioning Components
Tube-Based Systems
Synchrotron Radiation Systems
NanoCT (Full-Field, Microscopy-Based
MicroCT with Phase, Fluorescence, or Scattering Contrast
System Specification
References
MicroCT in Practice
Reconstruction Artifacts
Performance: Precision and Accuracy
Contrast Enhancement
Data Acquisition Challenges
Speculations
References
Experimental Design, Data Analysis, Visualization
Experiment Design
Data Analysis
Data Representation
References
Simple Metrology and Microstructure Quantification
Distribution of Phases
Metrology and Phylogeny
References
Cellular or Trabecular Solids
Cellular Solids
Static Cellular Structures
Temporally Evolving, Nonbiological Cellular Structures
Mineralized Tissue
Implants and Tissue Scaffolds
References
Networks
Engineered Network Solids
Networks of Pores
Circulatory System
Respiratory System
References
Evolution of Structures
Materials Processing
Environmental Interactions
Bone and Soft Tissue Adaptation
References
Mechanically Induced Damage, Deformation, and Cracking
Deformation Studies
Monolithic Materials: Crack Face Interactions and Crack Closure
Composite Systems
References
Multimode Studies
Sea Urchin Teeth
Sulfate Ion Attack of Portland Cement
Fatigue Crack Path and Mesotexture
Creep Damage
Load Redistribution in Damaged Monofilament Composites
Bone
Networks
References
Index

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