Microalgae are a particularly interesting source of products that range from currently marketed human nutritionals and food ingredients, to potential sources of biofuels and animal feeds. Rapid advances in technology and commercial development are taking place worldwide. Importantly, algal cultivation does not compete with agriculture for land, water, and in some cases, fertilizer resources.
Microalgal Production for Biomass and High-Value Products covers the field from a variety of perspectives with 14 chapters contributed by recognized academic experts and industrial practitioners. The book presents the latest technologies and innovations in algal biomass production, from cultivation in open ponds and photobioreactors, to strain selection, synthetic biology, pest control, harvesting, and processing. It explores novel algal products and addresses key issues, including markets, supply chains, business strategies, legal issues, current products, and future prospects.
This book brings together the latest advances of interest to those already working in the field while providing an introduction to those beginning to learn about the promise of microalgae as a sustainable source of both specialty and commodity products. It gives stimulating overviews from many different perspectives that describe how laboratory and applied research are creating advances in commercial microalgae production. It also addresses the still many open questions and challenges in this field.
Table of Contents
Algal Photosynthesis and Physiology
John A. Raven and John Beardall
Algal Growth Kinetics and Productivity
Joseph Weissman and Robert Nielsen
Microalgae Strain Isolation, Screening, and Identification for Biofuels and High-Value Products
Peter Neofotis, Andy Huang, William Chang, Floral Joseph, and Juergen E.W. Polle
Screening and Improvement of Marine Microalgae for Oil Production
Stephen P. Slocombe, QianYi Zhang, Michael Ross, Michele S. Stanley, and John G. Day
Estimating the Maximum Achievable Productivity in Outdoor Ponds: Microalgae Biomass Growth Modeling and Climate-Simulated Culturing
Michael Huesemann, Mark Wigmosta, Braden Crowe, Peter Waller, Aaron Chavis, Samuel Hobbs, Scott Edmundson, Boris Chubukov, Vincent J. Tocco, and André Coleman
Genetic Engineering of Microalgae: Current Status and Future Prospects
Andrew Spicer and Saul Purton
Crop Protection in Open Ponds
Robert C. McBride, Val H. Smith, Laura T. Carney, and Todd W. Lane
Molecular Diagnostic Solutions in Algal Cultivation Systems
Laura T. Carney, Robert C. McBride, Val H. Smith, and Todd W. Lane
Terrestrial Agriculture and Aquaculture Waste Treatment
Gregory Schwartz and David E. Brune
Supply of CO2 to Closed and Open Photobioreactors
F. Gabriel Acién, Jose Maria Fernández-Sevilla, and Emilio Molina Grima
Harvesting and Dewatering of High-Productivity Bulk Microalgae Systems
Navid R. Moheimani, Mark P. McHenry, Koenraad Muylaert, and Patrick V. Brady
Cultivation of Haematococcus pluvialis for Astaxanthin Production
Jianguo Liu, John P. van der Meer, Litao Zhang, and Yong Zhang
ALGAFARM: A Case Study of Industrial Chlorella Production
Diana B. da Fonseca, Luís T. Guerra, Edgar T. Santos, Sofia H. Mendonça, Joana G. Silva, Luís A. Costa, and João C. Navalho
Heterotrophic Culturing of Microalgae
Roberto E. Armenta and Zhiyong Sun
Stephen P. Slocombe, PhD, is an experienced plant molecular biologist, working on microalgal biotechnology at the Scottish Association for Marine Sciences (SAMS) in Oban, United Kingdom, since 2009. He earned his PhD in botany from the University of Leicester. He has published extensively on biotechnology-related topics such as the regulation of plant lipid metabolism. At SAMS, he oversaw the screening of microalgal collection and is currently working on improving oil production and other biotechnological applications in marine microalgae, using molecular and physiological approaches.
John R. Benemann, PhD, is CEO of MicroBio Engineering, Inc., a research and consulting engineering company located in San Luis Obispo, California and focused on wastewater treatment and algal technologies. He earned his PhD in biochemistry from the University of California, Berkeley. He has founded two other companies, was an associate professor at the Georgia Institute of Technology, and is a founding director of the Algae Biomass Organization, a trade organization. He is a member of the Executive Committees of the International Society for Applied Phycology and the European Algae Biomass Association. He has published extensively and is a frequent conference speaker.