Fifteen leading scientists active in research on the chemistry, microbiology, enzymology, and genetics of coal biotransformation summarize knowledge of the mechanisms by which bacteria and fungi metabolize the macromolecular structure of lignite coals. They also explore the potential for developing commercially viable biotransformations of low rank coals into useful chemicals and clean-burning liquid and gaseous fuels. Microbial Transformations of Low Rank Coals reviews the types of aerobic and anaerobic microbes known to transform fuel and discusses the relative potential of aerobic versus anaerobic organisms. Biochemical mechanisms used by microorganisms to solubilize, depolymerize, liquify, and gasify coal are examined. The book also reviews the potential for using microorganisms to remove organic sulfur from coal and the potential for using genetic engineering to improve coal biotransforming microorganisms.
The Chemistry of Low Rank Coal and Its Relationship to the Biochemical Mechanisms of Coal Biotransformation (Brendlyn D. Faison). The Enzymology and Chemistry of Coal Biosolubilization (David R. Quigley). Biosolubilization of Low Rank Coal (Martin S. Cohen and Edward T. Gray, Jr.). Microbial Depolymerization of Coal (Don L. Crawford and Rajinder K. Gupta). Direct Bacterial Conversion of Coal to Liquid Fuels (K. Thomas Klasson, Michael D. Ackerson, Edgar C. Clausen, and James L. Gaddy). Reductive Metabolism of Coal and Coal Substructure Model Compounds by Anaerobic Bacteria (Lee A. Deobald). Biogasification of Low Rank Coals (Jenefir D. Isbister and Sudhakar Barik). Microbial Transformation of Organic Nitrogen and Sulfur in Low Rank Coals (Daphne L. Stoner). Genetic Manipulation of Coal-Biotransforming Microorganisms (Kevin D. Young).