1st Edition

Microfiber Pollution Environmental Challenges and Remediation Strategies

    376 Pages 43 B/W Illustrations
    by CRC Press

    Microfibers, synthetic fibers like polyester and nylon, are emerging contaminants widely distributed in air, water, and soil, posing significant ecological risks. The textile industry, driven by fast fashion trends, is a major source of microfiber pollution in both aquatic and terrestrial environments. These fibers degrade air quality, especially indoors, where they shed from textiles and contribute to respiratory issues and potential carcinogenic effects due to associated dyes and pollutants. The widespread impact on human health and ecosystems has spurred interest in sustainable textiles and efforts to reduce microfiber pollution. Microfiber Pollution: Environmental Challenges and Remediation Strategies examines the global sources, environmental impacts, and remediation strategies for microfibers, aiming to educate consumers and encourage industry shifts towards eco-friendly alternatives.

    • Provides an in-depth examination of global microfiber sources, detailing their distribution in air, water, and soil, and highlighting the environmental and aquatic impacts.
    • Explores advanced methods for detecting and characterizing microfibers, enhancing understanding of how these pollutants propagate into oceans and affect marine habitats.
    • Discusses the potential threats of microfibers to aquatic species, human health, and the food chain.
    • Reviews current remediation technologies and sustainability trends in the textile industry, offering insights into future challenges and motivating both consumers and industries to adopt eco-friendly practices.

    1. Introduction to Microfiber Pollution. Sources and Ubiquity of Microfibers.
    2. Fate of Microplastics and Microfibers.
    3. Detection and Characterization Techniques for Microfiber in Wastewater.
    4. Effect of Microfiber Pollutants in Freshwater Ecosystems.
    5. Marine Microfiber Pollution: Prevalence and Effect.
    6. Soil Pollution by Microfibers: Harmful Effects.
    7. Infiltration of Microfibers in Marine Habitats and Food Chain.
    8. Microfiber Surface Acting as a Potential Niche for Proliferation of Microbial Community.
    9. Microfibers as Carcinogenic and Neurodegenerative Agents.  
    10. Microfibers Accumulation in Aquatic Organisms.
    11. Use of Biodegradable Fibers over Synthetic Fibers.  
    12. Advance Technologies to Reduce Marine Microfiber Pollution.  
    13. Role of Textile Industries in Microfiber Pollution.  
    14. Future Perspectives.
    15. Role of Plastics and Packaging Industry.


    Dr. Ashok Kumar is working as an Assistant professor in the Department of Biotechnology and Bioinformatics, Jaypee University of Information Technology, Waknaghat, Solan, Himachal Pradesh, India. He has completed his Ph.D. in Biotechnology from Department of Biotechnology, Himachal Pradesh University, Summer Hill, Shimla, India in 2013. He worked as a post-doctoral fellow in State Key laboratory of Agricultural Microbiology, Huazhong Agricultural University, Wuhan China for two years. He also worked as Brain Pool researcher/Assistant professor at Konkuk University Seoul South Korea. Dr. Ashok has a keen interest in Carbon utilization, enzyme immobilization, biomaterials, biopolymers, nanobiotechnology, biocatalysis, waste management, biomass degradation, biofuel synthesis, and biotransformations. Dr. Ashok has published 55 research papers in various internationally reputed journals 4 books, and 21 book chapters. Manik Chandra Biswas. Ph.D., Fiber and Polymer Science, North Carolina State University. Dr. Swati Sharma is working as assistant Professor in University Institute of Biotechnology, Chandigarh University, Mohali, Punjab India. Dr Sharma has completed her PhD. from University Malaysia Pahang, Malaysia. She worked as a visiting researcher in the college of life and environmental sciences at Konkuk University, Seoul South Korea. Dr. Sharma has completed her masters (M.Sc.) from Dr. Yashwant Singh Parmar University of Horticulture and Forestry, Nauni Solan H.P. India. She has also worked as program co-coordinator at Himalayan action research center Dehradoon and Senior research fellow at India agricultural research institute. Dr. Sharma has published her research papers in reputed international journals. Presently, Dr. Sharma's research is in the field of bioplastics, hydrogels, keratin nanofibers and nanoparticles, biodegradable polymers and polymers with antioxidant and anti-cancerous activities and sponges. Dr. Swati has published 22 research papers in various internationally reputed journals 4 books, and a couple of book chapters.