This is the fifteenth volume in a series that provides up-to-date summation and evaluation of the rapidly changing events in an exceptionally complex region of the world. This volume covers the period January through December 1991 and offers in-depth analysis of the Gulf War, the U.S.-inspired peace negotiations, the surge of Islamic sentiment in a number of countries, and inter-Arab relations in the wake of the Gulf War. In addition, a comprehensive survey of the affairs of each country is provided. This volume covers the year 1991, a watershed period in the Middle East. The Gulf War pitted regional and international forces of unprecedented might against each other in fierce confrontation. Local and global developments, such as the U.S.-led victory over Iraq and the disintegration of the Soviet Union, brought on the struggle for a new order in the region. The relevance of Western political modes for Middle Eastern societies was again raised for examination, highlighting the formidable complexities of such options. One of the local responses to these changes was a surge of Islamic sentiment sometimes militant in nature manifested primarily in Sudan, Algeria, Jordan, Egypt, and among the Palestinians. Spearheaded by the United States, the Middle East peace process entered a more dynamic phase, as a multilateral peace conference in Madrid ushered in a new era of direct Arab-Israeli negotiations. The Arab system was slow to recover from the painful impact of the Gulf War, and inter-Arab relations continued to be characterized more by mutual vindictiveness than by reconciliation. On the whole, this was a year of considerable flux and uncertainty, with some events promising the inauguration of a new course of development for the region and others passing without long-term impact. The period surveyed in this volume, unless otherwise indicated, is from January to December 1991. In order to avoid excessive repetition while achieving a comprehensive survey of the affairs of each country individually, extensive cross-references have been used
Table of Contents
Current Issues; The Middle East in 1991: A Year of Promises Unfulfilled; (Gideon Gera.); The United States and the Middle East; (Barry Rubin.); The Soviet Union and the MiddleEast; (Galia Golan.); The Military Dimension of the Gulf War; (Yigal Sheffy.); The Middle East Peace Process; (Mordechai Gazit.); Inter-Arab Relations; (Bruce Maddy-Weitzman.); Islam in the New World Order; (Martin Kramer.); The Palestine; Liberation Organization; (Joshua Teitelbaum.); The West Bank and the Gaza Strip; (Elie Rekhess.); Middle East Oil Developments; (David Rachovich.); Trends in Demographic Development in Syria, 198690; (Onn; Winckler.); The Palestinians: Demographic and Economic Developments, 198690; (Gad Gilbar.); Country-By-Country Survey; Middle East Countries: Basic Data, Currencies; Bahrain; (Uzi Rabi.); Egypt; (Uri M. Kupferschmidt.); Iran; (David Menashri.); Iraq; (Meir Litvak.); Israel; (Gad Barzilai and E. Rekhess.); Jordan; (Asher Susser.); Kuwait; (Joseph Kostiner.); Lebanon; (William W. Harris.); Libya; (Yehudit Ronen.); Oman; (U. Rabi.); Qatar; (U. Rabi.); Saudi Arabia; (J. Kostiner.); Sudan; (Y. Ronen.); Syria; (Eyal Zisser.); Turkey; (William M. Hale.); United Arab Emirates; (U. Rabi.); The Republic of Yemen; (Anat Lapidot.
Ami Ayalon (Author)