The contemporary Middle East has been defined by political crises and conflict. The interplay of internal and external factors have set the region on a path of turmoil and crisis with devastating outcomes for its people. The absence of political accountability and representation, and policies pursued by the United States to keep US-friendly regimes in power have been two key factors that have contributed to the seemingly insoluble Middle East politics.
This book provides a detailed exploration of the forces, internal and external, that have shaped today’s Middle East. The book follows a chronological order and provides context to major political milestones.
Topics explored include:
• Imperialism in the Middle East
• The formation of the State of Israel
• The Arab–Israeli wars
• Palestinian politics and the failure of the ‘peace process’
• The Iranian Revolution and pan-Shi’ism
• Superpowers in the Middle East
• The US-led ‘War on Terror’
• The Arab uprisings
• The Syrian War and the rise of the ‘Islamic State’
• US–Iran relations
This study puts recent developments in historical context, and will serve as a core reference tool for students and researchers of Middle Eastern Politics and International Relations.
1. Introduction: The Colonial Background
2. The Formation of the state of Israel
3: The Arab–Israeli Wars
4. Palestinian Politics: the failure of the 'peace process'
5. Ideologies and supra-state identities
6. The Iranian revolution and pan-Shi'ism
7. Playground of the superpowers
8. The US-led War on Terror
9. The Arab Uprisings
10. The Syrian War and the rise of the Islamic State
11. Iran emerging from isolation