Rural life in Southeast Asia is being transformed by new and intensifying processes of migration and mobility. Migration out of rural areas creates new forms of class mobility, familial relations, production processes and income. Migration into rural areas creates a new and sometimes marginalized workforce, contestation over resource access, and the juxtaposition of culturally different groups. At the same time, everyday mobility stretches the spatial boundaries of village and family life. The bounded space of the village is no longer adequate to understand the dynamics that are driving (and resulting from) rural social change.
This collection of original studies explores the cultural, economic and environmental dimensions of intensifying migration and mobility in rural Southeast Asia at multiple scales. Diverse processes are explored including rural-urban flows, rural-rural movement, everyday mobilities, and international migrations into regional and global labour markets. Drawing on fieldwork in six countries across the region, these essays also explore what migration means for our understanding of class, citizenship, gender and the state in a rapidly changing part of the world.
This book was based on two parts of a special issue of Critical Asian Studies.
1. Introduction: Migration, Agrarian Transition, and Rural Change in Southeast Asia 2. Where the Streets Are Paved with Prawns: Crop Booms and Migration in Southeast Asia 3. More than Culture, Gender, and Class: Erasing Shan Labor in the "Success" of Thailand’s Royal Development Project 4. Connecting Lives, Living, and Location: Mobility and Spatial Signatures in Northeast Thailand, 1982–2009 5. Migration and Gender Identity in the Rural Philippines: Households with Farming Wives and Migrant Husbands 6. Coping with Change: Rural Transformation and Women in Contemporary Sarawak, Malaysia 7. Land, Livelihoods, and Remittances: A Political Ecology of Youth Out-migration across the Lao–Thai Mekong Border 8. Thai Mobilities and Cultural Citizenship 9. Migration to the Countryside: Class Encounters in Peri-urban Chiang Mai, Thailand 10. Displacement, Resettlement, and Multi-local Livelihoods: Positioning Migrant Legitimacy in Lampung, Indonesia