Migration, Family and the Welfare State explores understandings and practices of integration in the Scandinavian welfare societies of Denmark, Norway and Sweden through a comprehensive range of detailed ethnographic studies. Chapters examine discourses, policies and programs of integration in the three receiving societies, studying how these are experienced by migrant and refugee families as they seek to realize the hopes and ambitions for a better life that led them to leave their country of origin. The three Scandinavian countries have had parallel histories as welfare societies receiving increasing numbers of migrants and refugees after World War II, and yet they have reacted in dissimilar ways to the presence of foreigners, with Denmark developing tough immigration policies and nationalist integration requirements, Sweden asserting itself as a relatively open country with an official multicultural policy, and Norway taking a middle position. The book analyses the impact of these differences and similarities on immigrants, refugees and their descendants across three intersecting themes: integration as a welfare state project; integration as political discourse and practice; and integration as immigrants’ and refugees’ quest for improvement and belonging.
This book was originally published as a special issue of the Journal of Ethnic and Migration Studies.
Table of Contents
1. ‘Integration’ - Migrants and Refugees between Family Relations and Scandinavian Welfare Societies Karen Fog Olwig, University of Copenhagen, Denmark 2. Money or Education: Strategies of improvement among Pakistani families in Denmark Mikkel Rytter, Aarhus University, Denmark 3. Multicultural ideology and transnational family ties among descendants of Cape Verdeans in Sweden Lisa Åkeson, University of Gothenburg, Sweden 4. From Danish Yugoslavs to Danish Serbs: National affiliation stuck between visibility and invisibility Kristine Juul, Roskilde University, Denmark 5. Law and Identity: Transnational Arranged Marriages and the Boundaries of Danishness Garbi Schmidt, Roskilde University, Denmark 6. Egalitarian Ambitions, Constructions of Difference: The Paradoxes of Refugee Integration in Sweden Marita Eastmond, University of Gothenburg, Sweden 7. Ali’s disappearance – the tension of moving and dwelling in the Norwegian welfare society Ada I. Engebrigtsen, Norwegian Social Research 8. Tamil Refugees in Pain: Challenging Solidarity in the Norwegian Welfare State Anne Sigfrid Grønseth, University College of Lillehammer, Norway 9. Becoming part of Welfare Scandinavia: integration through the spatial dispersal of newly arrived refugees Birgitte Romme Larsen, University of Copenhagen, Denmark
Karen Fog Olwig is a Professor at the Department of Anthropology, University of Copenhagen, Denmark. Her main research has examined the role of family relations in migration processes in the Caribbean, North America and Europe, working with narrative analysis of life stories.
Birgitte Romme Larsen gained her Ph.D. in Anthropology at the University of Copenhagen, Denmark, in 2011, and is now an external lecturer there. Her research focused on the role of ‘the family’ and domestic routines in integration process involving refugee families settled in rural Denmark.
Mikkel Rytter is an Assistant Professor at the Department of Anthropology, Aarhus University, Denmark. He has done extensive research on family and marriage among Pakistanis in Denmark. His current research is concerned with Sufism and transnational spirituality.