How do states in Western Europe deal with the challenges of migration for citizenship? The legal relationship between a person and a state is becoming increasingly blurred in our mobile, transnational world. This volume deals with the membership dimension of citizenship, specifically the formal rules that states use to attribute citizenship. These nationally-specific rules determine how and under what conditions citizenship is attributed by states to individuals: how one can acquire formal citizenship status, but also how this status can be lost.
Migration and Citizenship Attribution observes various trends in citizenship policies since the early 1980s, analysing historical patterns and recent changes across Western Europe as well as examining specific developments in individual countries. Authors explore the equal treatment of women and men with regard to descent-based citizenship attribution, along with the process of convergence between countries with ‘ius soli’ and ‘ius sanguinis’ traditions with regard to birthright provisions. They consider how the increasing acceptance of multiple citizenship is reflected in a dual trend to abolish, or at least to moderate, the renunciation of the citizenship of origin as a condition for naturalisation, and also to restrict provisions of loss of citizenship due to voluntary acquisition of a foreign citizenship. Another trend observed and discussed is the introduction by many countries of language tests and integration conditions in the naturalisation procedure, with some countries now concluding the naturalisation process by means of a US-styled citizenship ceremony. Contributors also explore the various things taken into account under state citizenship laws such as statelessness, or membership of the European Union.
This book was originally published as a special issue of the Journal of Ethnic and Migration Studies.
1. Citizenship Attribution in Western Europe: International Framework and Domestic Trends Maarten P. Vink and Gerard-René de Groot 2. The Impact of the Far Right on Citizenship Policy in Europe: Explaining Continuity and Change Marc Morjé Howard 3. Integration Requirements for Integration's Sake? Identifying, Categorising and Comparing Civic Integration Policies Sara Wallace Goodman 4. Rewarding Integration? Citizenship Regulations and the Socio-Cultural Integration of Immigrants in the Netherlands, France and Germany Evelyn Ersanilli and Ruud Koopmans 5. Switzerland: Contentious Citizenship Attribution in a Federal State Marc Helbling 6. Citizenship Attribution in a New Country of Immigration: Ireland Iseult Honohan 7. Matters of Control: Integration Tests, Naturalisation Reform and Probationary Citizenship in the United Kingdom Dora Kostakopoulou 8. Studying Citizenship Constellations Rainer Bauböck