Militaries, Militarisms and Social Harm
Institutionalised Bellicosity in Sociological Context
From the early twentieth century writings of Bonger and Gault, the military has been a consistent – albeit marginal – feature of criminological literature. In recent years there has been a renewed interest in the criminology of war and militarization. This book contributes to this intellectual shift and addresses the criminological study of the military as a social institution. It provides a comprehensive outline of the ways in which the study of criminology can be brought to bear on the military institution and concepts of militarisation.
Drawing upon cognate disciplines including history, military sociology, methodology, criminal justice, psychology, law and international relations, this book demonstrates the importance of critical, empirical and theoretically informed ways to study the military institution, its cultural practices, internal systems, personnel and external influences in the context of criminology. It serves as a platform with which to formalise a new and innovative direction in critical criminology: the criminology of the military.
Table of Contents
Introduction: Military sociology and criminology: the most obvious of bedfellows, 1. Historical contexts of crime and deviance within the military, 2. Behind the uniform: military culture and military masculinities, 3. Inside the wire: the internal clemency of military justice systems, 4. Criminogenic populations? Current and ex-military personnel as offenders, 5. Victimisers or victims? Thinking critically about the impact of military service, 6. Militarism and the militarisation of everyday life, 7. Conclusion