This volume looks at current and emerging technologies of war and some of the ethical issues surrounding their use. Although the nature and politics of war never change, the weapons and technologies used in war do change and are always undergoing development. Because of that, the arsenal of weapons for twenty-first century conflict is different from previous centuries. Weapons in today’s world include an array of instruments of war that include, robotics, cyber war capabilities, human performance enhancement for warriors, and the proliferation of an entire spectrum of unmanned weapons systems and platforms. Tactical weapons now have the potential of strategic results and have changed the understanding of the battle space creating ethical, legal, and political issues unknown in the pre-9/11 world. What do these technologies mean for things such as contemporary international relations, the just-war tradition, and civil-military relations?
Directed at readers in the academic, scientific, military, and public policy communities, this volume offers current thought on ethics and emerging technologies from internationally-recognized scholars addressing the full spectrum of issues in present warfare technology. It includes current and ongoing topics of multi-discipline and international interest, such as ethics, law, international relations, war studies, public policy, science and technology.
This book was originally published in various issues and volumes of the Journal of Military Ethics.
Foreword Henrik Syse 1. Introduction Timothy J. Demy, George R. Lucas and Bradley J. Strawser Part I 2. The Ethics of Killer Applications: Why Is It So Hard To Talk About Morality When It Comes To New Military Technology? P. W. Singer 3. With Fear and Trembling: An Ethical Framework for Non-Lethal Weapons Pauline Kaurin 4. Do Non-Lethal Capabilities License to ‘Silence’? Sjef Orbons 5. Ethical Blowback from Emerging Technologies Patrick Lin 6. The Case for Ethical Autonomy in Unmanned Systems Ronald C. Arkin 7. The Case Against Robotic Warfare: A Response to Arkin Ryan Tonkens 8. Moral Predators: The Duty to Employ Uninhabited Aerial Vehicles Bradley Jay Strawser 9. Saying ‘No!’ to Lethal Autonomous Targeting Noel Sharkey 10. Additive Manufacturing and its Implications for Military Ethics John Mark Mattox Part II 11. The Ethics of Cyberwarfare Randall R. Dipert 12 ’Cyberation’ and Just War Doctrine: A Response to Randall Dipert James Cook 13. Warfare in a New Domain: The Ethics of Military Cyber-Operations Edward T. Barrett 14. The Moral Permissibility of Automated Responses during Cyberwarfare David Danks and Joseph H. Danks 15. Other-Than-Internet (OTI) Cyberwarfare: Challenges for Ethics, Law, and Policy Randall R. Dipert 16. Just War and Cyber War Christopher J. Eberle 17. Is Stuxnet Physical? Does It Matter? Ryan Jenkins 18. Twenty Years of Cyberwar John Arquilla 19. Epilogue: "Beyond Clausewitz" - Military Ethics for Post Modern War George R. Lucas Recommended Reading