Military Injury Biomechanics: The Cause and Prevention of Impact Injuries is a reference manual where information and data from a large number of sources, focussing on injuries related to military events, has been critically reviewed and discussed. The book covers the cause and prevention of impact injuries to all the major body regions, while topics such as the historical background of military impact biomechanics, the history and use of anthropomorphic test devices for military applications and the medical management of injuries are also discussed. An international team of experts have been brought together to examine and review the topics. The book is intended for researchers, postgraduate students and others working or studying defence and impact injuries.
Introduction. Injury coding and classification. The physics of ballistic and blast threats in the military environment. Injury Criteria for Military Scenarios. The Skull and Brain: Blast and brain injury. The Skull and Brain: Brain injury from helmet backface deformation. The Skull and Brain: Test methods and helmet design. Skull and facial trauma. The Ear: Models for eardrum rupture. The Neck: Traumatic injury to the neck. The Neck: Neck Injury and Pilot Ejection. The Thorocolumbar Spine: Cadaveric testing. The Thorocolumbar Spine: Injury Criteria for traumatic spinal injury. The Thorax: BABT and chest injury. The Thorax: Theoretical Models for blast lung injury. The Thorax: Computer modelling of blast lung injury. The Abdomen: Abdominal injury from armour backface deformation. The lower extremities: Cadaveric impacts to simulate lower limb injuries in mine blasts. The lower extremities: Crash test dummy legs and injury criteria. The lower extremities: Computer models of the lower limbs for military scenarios