Military Pilgrimage and Battlefield Tourism is the first volume to bring together a detailed analysis of professional military pilgrimage with other forms of commemorating military conflict. The volume looks beyond the discussion of battlefield tourism undertaken primarily by civilians which has dominated research until now through an analysis of the relationship between religious, military and civilian participants. Drawing on a comparative approach towards what has mostly been categorised as secular pilgrimage, dark tourism/thanatourism, military and religious tourism, and re-enactment, the contributors explore the varied ways in which memory, material culture and rituals are performed at particular places. The volume also engages with the debate about the extent to which western definitions of pilgrimage and tourism, as well as such related terms as religion, sacred and secular, can be applied in non-western contexts.
1 Commemorating the Dead: Military Pilgrimage and Battlefield Tourism
John Eade and Mario Katić
Part I: Military Pilgrimage Commemoration and Reconciliation
2 Healing Social and Physical Bodies: Lourdes and Military Pilgrimage
3 Pilgrimage for Anglo-Japanese Reconciliation: Reinterpreting the Past by British Second World War Veterans
4 KFOR soldiers as pilgrims in Kosovo: Black Madonna in Letnica
5 'Maple Leaf Up’: Patriotic, Historical, and Spiritual Aspects of Canadian Armed Forces Participation in the Nijmegen March
Part II: Military Pilgrimages, Battlefield Tourism and Contestation
6 Military Pilgrimage to Bobovac: A Bosnian ‘Sacred Place’
7 Military Tourism as State-Effect in the Sri Lankan Civil War
Rohan Bastin and Premakumara de Silva
8 Sanctified Past. The Pilgrimages of Polish Re-enactors to World War II Battlefields
Part III Afterword
9 Sacred Secular Sites and their Visitors
Robert M. Hayden
The public prominence of religion has increased globally in recent years, while places associated with religion, such as pilgrimage centers, and famous cathedrals, temples and shrines, have attracted growing numbers of visitors and media attention. Such developments are part of a global process where different forms of travel – physical movement such as labor and lifestyle migration, tourism of various forms, the cultural heritage industry and pilgrimage – have become a major feature of the modern world. These translocal and transnational processes involve flows of not just people but also material objects, ideas, information, images and capital.
The public prominence of religion aligned to the modern growth of tourism (sometimes now claimed as the world’s single largest industry) has created a new dynamic relationship between religion, travel and tourism. It has been mirrored by expanding academic research in these areas over the last twenty years across a variety of disciplinary areas, ranging from anthropology, sociology, geography, history and religious studies to newly emergent areas such as tourism and migration studies. Such studies have also expanded exponentially in terms of the geographic spread of places, religions and regions being researched.
This series provides a new forum for studies based around these themes, drawing together research on the relationships between religion, travel and tourism. These include studies from global and cross-cultural perspectives of topics, such as: