Modeling Tools for Environmental Engineers and Scientists: 1st Edition (Hardback) book cover

Modeling Tools for Environmental Engineers and Scientists

1st Edition

By Nirmala Khandan

CRC Press

328 pages | 138 B/W Illus.

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Hardback: 9781566769952
pub: 2001-12-20
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Description

Modeling Tools for Environmental Engineers and Scientists enables environmental professionals, faculty, and students with minimal computer programming skills to develop computer-based mathematical models for natural and engineered environmental systems. The author illustrates how commercially available syntax-free authoring software can be adapted to create customized, high-level models of environmental phenomena in groundwater, soil, aquatic, and atmospheric systems, and in engineered reactors.

This book includes a review of mathematical modeling and fundamental concepts such as material balance, reactor configurations, and fate and transport of environmental contaminants. It illustrates, using numerous examples, how mathematical and dynamic modeling software can be applied in analyzing and simulating natural and engineered environmental systems. The tools and examples included are applicable to a wide range of problems, both in the classroom and in the field.

Reviews

"This book provides a catalog, descriptions and reviews 'Ecological models' ranging from statistical extrapolation models to population, Ecosystem and landscape models. The editors are leaders in the field. They and the authors have performed a valuable service to the ecorisk community. It is now the task of practitioners to explore this array of models and determine how to implement them in specific cases using realistically available data sets."

-Glenn W. Suter, II, United States EPA, Cincinnati, Ohio, USA

Table of Contents

Part I: Fundamentals

Introduction to Modeling:

o What is Modeling….?

o Mathematical Modeling

o Environmental Modeling

o Objectives of the Book

Fundamentals of Mathematical Modeling:

o Definitions and Terminology in Mathematical Modeling

o Steps in Developing Mathematical Models

o Application of the Steps in Mathematical Modeling - An Example

Primer on Mathematics:

o Mathematical Formulations

o Mathematical Analysis

o Selected Examples of Analytical and Numerical Analysis

Fundamentals of Environmental Processes:

o Introduction

o Material Content

o Phase Equilibrium

o Environmental Transport Processes

o Interphase Mass Transport

o Environmental Non-Reactive Processes

o Environmental Reactive Processes

o Material Balance

Fundamentals of Engineered Systems:

o Introduction

o Classification of Reactors

o Modeling of Homogeneous Reactors

o Modeling of Heterogeneous Reactors

Fundamentals of Natural Systems:

o Introduction

o Fundamentals of Modeling Soil Systems

o Fundamentals of Modeling Aquatic Systems

Software for Developing Mathematical Models:

o Introduction

o Spreadsheet-based Software

o Equation Solver-Based Software

o Dynamic Simulation-Based Software

o Common Example Problem: Water Quality Modeling in Lakes

o Closure

Part II: Applications

Modeling examples are listed after chapter titles.

Modeling Engineered Environmental Systems:

o Transients in Sequencing Batch Reactors

o CMFRs in Series for Toxicity Management

o Municipal Wastewater Treatment

o Chemical Oxidation

o Analysis of Catalytic Bed Reactor

o Waste Management

o Activated Carbon Treatment

o Bioregeneration of Activated Carbon

o Pipe Flow Analysis

o Oxygen/Nitrogen Transfer in Packed Columns

o Groundwater Flow Management

o Diffusion Through Porous Media

Modeling Natural Environmental Systems:

o Lakes in Series

o Radio-Nuclides in Lake Sediments

o Phosphorous in Lakes

o Contaminant Transport Visualization

o Methane Emissions from Rice Fields

o Chemical Equilibrium

o Toxicological Exposure Evaluation

o Visualization of Groundwater Flow

o Air Pollution-Puff Model

o Air Pollution-Plume Model

o Fugacity-Based Modeling

o Well Placement and Water Quality

Subject Categories

BISAC Subject Codes/Headings:
MAT000000
MATHEMATICS / General
SCI026000
SCIENCE / Environmental Science
TEC010000
TECHNOLOGY & ENGINEERING / Environmental / General