The worldwide petroleum industry is facing a dilemma: the production level of heavy petroleum is higher than that of light petroleum. Heavy crude oils possess high amounts of impurities (sulfur, nitrogen, metals, and asphaltenes), as well as a high yield of residue with consequent low production of valuable distillates (gasoline and diesel). These
Properties and Upgrading of Heavy Oils: Heavy Petroleum. Technologies for Upgrading of Heavy Petroleum. Modeling of Noncatalytic Processes: Modeling of Visbreaking. Modeling of Gasification. Modeling of Coking. Noncatalytic (Thermal) Hydrotreating. Modeling of Catalytic Processes: Modeling of Catalytic Hydroprocessing. Modeling and Simulation of Heavy Oil Hydroprocessing. Modeling of Bench-Scale Reactor for HDM and HDS of Maya Crude Oil. Modeling of Ebullated-Bed and Slurry-Phase Reactors. Modeling of Hydrocracking by Continuous Kinetic Lumping Approach. Correlations and Other Aspects of Hydroprocessing.