Modelling Interactions Between Vector-Borne Diseases and Environment Using GIS: 1st Edition (Paperback) book cover

Modelling Interactions Between Vector-Borne Diseases and Environment Using GIS

1st Edition

By Hassan M. Khormi, Lalit Kumar

CRC Press

262 pages | 65 B/W Illus.

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Master GIS Applications on Modelling and Mapping the Risks of Diseases

Infections transmitted by mosquitoes, ticks, triatomine bugs, sandflies, and black flies cause significant rates of death and disease, especially in developing countries. Why are certain places more susceptible to vector-borne diseases? Modelling Interactions Between Vector-Borne Diseases and Environment Using GIS reveals how using geographic information systems (GISs) can provide a greater understanding of how vector-borne diseases are spread and explores the use of geographical techniques in vector-borne disease monitoring, management, and control. This text provides readers with a better understanding of the vector-borne disease problem and its impact on public health.

Introduces New Spatial Approaches Based on Location and Environment

The book exposes readers to information on how to identify vector hotspots, determine when and where they can occur, and eliminate vector breeding sites. Utilizing simple illustrations based on real data, as well as the authors’ more than 20 years of experience in the field, this text combines key spatial analysis techniques available in modern GIS with real-world applications. It offers step-by-step instruction on developing vector-borne disease risk models at different spatial and temporal scales and helps practitioners formulate disease causation hypotheses and identify areas at risk. In addition, it addresses medical geography, GIS, spatial analysis, and modelling, and covers other factors related to the spread of vector-borne diseases.

This book:

  • Gives an overview of common vector-borne diseases, GIS-based mapping and modelling, impacts of climate change on vector distributions, and availability and importance of accurate epidemiologically relevant spatial data
  • Describes modelling and simulating the prevalence of vector-borne diseases around the world
  • Summarizes some key spatial techniques and how they can be used to aid in the analysis of geographical and attributed data
  • Defines the concept of establishing and characterizing spatial data systems, including their quality, errors, references, and issues of scale, and building such a system from often quite separate, disparate sources
  • Shows how to develop weather-based predictive modelling, which can be used to predict the weekly trend of vector abundance
  • Provides a GIS case study for modelling the future potential distribution of vector-borne disease based on different climatic change scenarios

Modelling Interactions Between Vector-Borne Diseases and Environment Using GIS combines spatial analysis techniques available in modern GIS, together with real-world applications to provide you with a better understanding of ways to map, model, prevent, and control vector-borne diseases.


"… really a good book. … adds new information and experiences to the fields of medical geography, environmental impacts, and GIS analysis as a decision support system.

—Gomaa Mohamed Dawod, Survey Research Institute, Giza, Egypt

"… presented in a logical, simple to understand manner. Practical examples that are conxtualised to GIS techniques were used, making the story line relevant and ready to use by decision makers."

—Prof Onisimo Mutanga, University of KwaZulu Natal

Table of Contents


Vector-Borne Diseases

Mapping and Modelling Based on Geographic Information Systems

Impacts of Climate Change on Vector Distributions

Availability and Importance of Accurate Epidemiologically Relevant Spatial Data

Structure of This Book


Modelling and Simulating the Prevalence of Vector-Borne Diseases Around the World and Efforts for Combat and Control


GISs in Vector-Borne Disease Modelling

Decision Support Systems

Spatial Analysis Capabilities of GISs

Examples of GIS-Based Modelling of Vector-Borne Diseases



Cartographies and Maps of Vector-Borne Diseases


Cartographies of Vector-Borne Diseases

Mapping Vector-Borne Diseases



Spatial Data


The Importance of Spatial Data

Characteristics of Spatial Data, Including Topology and Topological Relationships and Their Importance

Relationship between Entities



Spatial Referencing

Aggregating Geographic Data

Data Types

Spatial Data Acquisition

Data Quality Issues

Sources of Error in GISs

Issues of Scale

Measurement Scales: Nominal, Ordinal, Interval, and Ratio

Satellite Imagery as a Source of Spatial Data



Common Spatial Methods for Modelling and Analyzing Spatial and Temporal Patterns and Distributions of Mosquito-Borne Diseases


Pattern Analysis

Distribution Analysis



Spatial Variation Risk


Density Analysis



Modelling Associations between Mosquito-Borne Diseases and Environmental and Socioeconomic Factors


Verifying Required Data

Modelling Spatial Associations


Global Climate Change and Modelling the Potential Distribution of Vector-Borne Disease


Distribution of Dengue Disease and Its Vector

CLIMEX, Climatic Models, and Data

The Current and Potential Future Distribution

Discussing the Potential Future Distribution





About the Authors

Dr. Hassan M. Khormi is an assistant professor in the Department of Geography, Umm Al-Qura University (UQU), where he teaches geographic information systems (GISs) and remote sensing. Also, Dr. Hassan is a Vice Dean of the Institute of Consulting Research and Studies. In early 2013, he accepted his position as assistant professor in the Department of Geography and as deputy director of the GIS Technology Innovation Centre for administrative affairs. He is also a consultant (part-time) at Jeddah Municipality and an adjunct lecturer in the School of Environment and Rural Science, University of New England, Australia. His main research interests are in the fields of environmental modelling and GIS applications on vector-borne diseases.

Dr. Lalit Kumar is an associate professor of spatial information technologies at the University of New England in Australia. He comes from Fiji, where he undertook his undergraduate and postgraduate studies in environmental science. Dr Kumar’s expertise is in the use of GISs and remote-sensing technologies for mapping and modelling the environment, particularly natural resources and agricultural systems. In addition, he has contributed to over 150 publications, with over 100 journal articles in international peer-reviewed journals. Dr. Kumar is also an associate editor for the journal ISPRS Journal of Photogrammetry and Remote Sensing and an academic editor for PLoS ONE.

Subject Categories

BISAC Subject Codes/Headings:
MATHEMATICS / Probability & Statistics / General
MEDICAL / Epidemiology
TECHNOLOGY & ENGINEERING / Remote Sensing & Geographic Information Systems