1st Edition

Modelling Interactions Between Vector-Borne Diseases and Environment Using GIS

By Hassan M. Khormi, Lalit Kumar Copyright 2015
    262 Pages 65 B/W Illustrations
    by CRC Press

    262 Pages 65 B/W Illustrations
    by CRC Press

    Master GIS Applications on Modelling and Mapping the Risks of Diseases

    Infections transmitted by mosquitoes, ticks, triatomine bugs, sandflies, and black flies cause significant rates of death and disease, especially in developing countries. Why are certain places more susceptible to vector-borne diseases? Modelling Interactions Between Vector-Borne Diseases and Environment Using GIS reveals how using geographic information systems (GISs) can provide a greater understanding of how vector-borne diseases are spread and explores the use of geographical techniques in vector-borne disease monitoring, management, and control. This text provides readers with a better understanding of the vector-borne disease problem and its impact on public health.

    Introduces New Spatial Approaches Based on Location and Environment

    The book exposes readers to information on how to identify vector hotspots, determine when and where they can occur, and eliminate vector breeding sites. Utilizing simple illustrations based on real data, as well as the authors’ more than 20 years of experience in the field, this text combines key spatial analysis techniques available in modern GIS with real-world applications. It offers step-by-step instruction on developing vector-borne disease risk models at different spatial and temporal scales and helps practitioners formulate disease causation hypotheses and identify areas at risk. In addition, it addresses medical geography, GIS, spatial analysis, and modelling, and covers other factors related to the spread of vector-borne diseases.

    This book:

    • Gives an overview of common vector-borne diseases, GIS-based mapping and modelling, impacts of climate change on vector distributions, and availability and importance of accurate epidemiologically relevant spatial data
    • Describes modelling and simulating the prevalence of vector-borne diseases around the world
    • Summarizes some key spatial techniques and how they can be used to aid in the analysis of geographical and attributed data
    • Defines the concept of establishing and characterizing spatial data systems, including their quality, errors, references, and issues of scale, and building such a system from often quite separate, disparate sources
    • Shows how to develop weather-based predictive modelling, which can be used to predict the weekly trend of vector abundance
    • Provides a GIS case study for modelling the future potential distribution of vector-borne disease based on different climatic change scenarios

    Modelling Interactions Between Vector-Borne Diseases and Environment Using GIS combines spatial analysis techniques available in modern GIS, together with real-world applications to provide you with a better understanding of ways to map, model, prevent, and control vector-borne diseases.

    Vector-Borne Diseases
    Mapping and Modelling Based on Geographic Information Systems
    Impacts of Climate Change on Vector Distributions
    Availability and Importance of Accurate Epidemiologically Relevant Spatial Data
    Structure of This Book
    Modelling and Simulating the Prevalence of Vector-Borne Diseases Around the World and Efforts for Combat and Control
    GISs in Vector-Borne Disease Modelling
    Decision Support Systems
    Spatial Analysis Capabilities of GISs
    Examples of GIS-Based Modelling of Vector-Borne Diseases
    Cartographies and Maps of Vector-Borne Diseases
    Cartographies of Vector-Borne Diseases
    Mapping Vector-Borne Diseases
    Spatial Data
    The Importance of Spatial Data
    Characteristics of Spatial Data, Including Topology and Topological Relationships and Their Importance
    Relationship between Entities
    Spatial Referencing
    Aggregating Geographic Data
    Data Types
    Spatial Data Acquisition
    Data Quality Issues
    Sources of Error in GISs
    Issues of Scale
    Measurement Scales: Nominal, Ordinal, Interval, and Ratio
    Satellite Imagery as a Source of Spatial Data
    Common Spatial Methods for Modelling and Analyzing Spatial and Temporal Patterns and Distributions of Mosquito-Borne Diseases
    Pattern Analysis
    Distribution Analysis
    Spatial Variation Risk
    Density Analysis
    Modelling Associations between Mosquito-Borne Diseases and Environmental and Socioeconomic Factors
    Verifying Required Data
    Modelling Spatial Associations
    Global Climate Change and Modelling the Potential Distribution of Vector-Borne Disease
    Distribution of Dengue Disease and Its Vector
    CLIMEX, Climatic Models, and Data
    The Current and Potential Future Distribution
    Discussing the Potential Future Distribution


    Dr. Hassan M. Khormi is an assistant professor in the Department of Geography, Umm Al-Qura University (UQU), where he teaches geographic information systems (GISs) and remote sensing. Also, Dr. Hassan is a Vice Dean of the Institute of Consulting Research and Studies. In early 2013, he accepted his position as assistant professor in the Department of Geography and as deputy director of the GIS Technology Innovation Centre for administrative affairs. He is also a consultant (part-time) at Jeddah Municipality and an adjunct lecturer in the School of Environment and Rural Science, University of New England, Australia. His main research interests are in the fields of environmental modelling and GIS applications on vector-borne diseases.

    Dr. Lalit Kumar is an associate professor of spatial information technologies at the University of New England in Australia. He comes from Fiji, where he undertook his undergraduate and postgraduate studies in environmental science. Dr Kumar’s expertise is in the use of GISs and remote-sensing technologies for mapping and modelling the environment, particularly natural resources and agricultural systems. In addition, he has contributed to over 150 publications, with over 100 journal articles in international peer-reviewed journals. Dr. Kumar is also an associate editor for the journal ISPRS Journal of Photogrammetry and Remote Sensing and an academic editor for PLoS ONE.

    "… really a good book. … adds new information and experiences to the fields of medical geography, environmental impacts, and GIS analysis as a decision support system.
    —Gomaa Mohamed Dawod, Survey Research Institute, Giza, Egypt

    "… presented in a logical, simple to understand manner. Practical examples that are conxtualised to GIS techniques were used, making the story line relevant and ready to use by decision makers."
    —Prof Onisimo Mutanga, University of KwaZulu Natal