Modern Diagnostic X-ray Sources: Technology, Manufacturing, Reliability gives an up-to-date summary of X-ray source design for applications in modern diagnostic medical imaging. It lays a sound groundwork for education and advanced training in the physics of X-ray production and X-ray interactions with matter. The book begins with a historical overview of X-ray tube and generator development, including key achievements leading up to the current technological and economic state of the field.
The book covers the physics of X-ray generation, including the process of constructing X-ray source devices. The stand-alone chapters can be read continuously or in selections. They take you inside diagnostic X-ray tubes, illustrating their design, functions, metrics for validation, and interfaces. The detailed descriptions enable objective comparison and benchmarking.
This detailed presentation of X-ray tube creation and functions enables you to understand how to optimize tube efficiency, particularly with consideration for economics and the environment. It also simplifies fault finding. Along with covering the past and current state of the field, the book assesses the future regarding developing new X-ray sources that can enhance performance and yield greater benefits to the scientific community and to the public.
Table of Contents
Preface. Acknowledgments. Author. Symbols. Historical Introduction and Survey. Physics of Generation of Bremsstrahlung. The Interaction of X-rays with Matter. More Background on Medical Imaging. Imaging Modalities and Challenges. Diagnostic X-ray Sources from the Inside. Housings, System Interfacing, and Auxiliary Equipment. The Source of Power. Manufacturing, Service, and Tube Replacement. X-ray Source Development for Medical Imaging. Index.
Rolf Behling holds a diploma in physics from the University of Hamburg, Germany. During more than 30 years in the medical industry he has held many positions, including department head of tube technology development, global project coordination manager, global innovation manager, head of marketing and field support for X-ray tubes, department head for X-ray tube development, project manager, and process physicist. The first spiral-groove-bearing X-ray tube was developed under his leadership. He currently heads the Philips Group for Advanced Development of X-ray Tubes and X-ray Generators at Philips HealthTech in Hamburg. He is a part-time lecturer at the University of Hamburg and has written numerous patents and publications in vacuum technology and medical imaging.
"The author has produced a unique reference about medical X-ray imaging technologies. Designers and technologists who are actively involved in designing the forthcoming generations of medical X-ray systems could benefit from this book."
—Axel Mainzer Koenig, CEO, 21st Century Data Analysis, in The Optical Society
"This unique book provides fascinating and useful tours of some of the many worlds supporting a single high-value technology product. Stakeholders in the use of x-rays in medicine will find complete chapters on topics, including history, basic x-ray physics, imaging, tube design, manufacturing, alternative technologies, and economics. The chapters covering basics contain comprehensive reviews provided in a readable style. The ‘industrial’ chapters provide equally readable access behind the curtains describing much of what it takes to deliver an x-ray tube to a hospital. Much of this information is impossible to find elsewhere. A comprehensive demonstration of the interlocking of fundamental science, engineering, and industrial processes … recommended to all those interested in how things work."
—Stephen Balter, Ph.D., Professor of Clinical Radiology, Columbia University Medical Center
"Rolf Behling, based on his long and deep technical and industrial experience in this field, is a true heir of Wilhelm Conrad Röntgen and C.H.F. Müller and is a perfect author for writing this exciting story. I can recommend this book not only to specialists but also to the interested general reading public … I am sure this book will be a success!"
—Georg Gärtner, Southeast University Nanjing
"… very valuable for engineers and physicists."
—Professor Dr. Peter Schreiber
"…very comprehensive…. The author provides insight into state-of-the-art and future medical applications."
—Dr. Jens-Peter Schlomka, Morpho Detection Germany GmbH
"This book is a state-of-the-art, comprehensive journey into the world