Modernist Reinventions of the Rural Landscape explores rural topographies produced by large-scale agricultural development and colonisation schemes planned and carried out in the 20th Century. Based on applied research conducted as part of an EU-funded project, this book collates material from an interdisciplinary and international consortium of leading and early-career researchers. Over the course of the book, eleven case studies throughout Europe and beyond are studied to investigate Modernist rural development schemes which were pivotal to Nation, and State, building policies. They provided a testing ground for the ideas of scientists, architects, engineers, planners, landscape architects and artists, who converged around a shared challenge. The book focuses on a number of interrelated themes: the politics and policies of modernisation, agricultural development and internal colonisation; the landscapes produced by the implementation of these policies, the Modernist architecture created in planned settlements; the means by which these were promoted and celebrated in propaganda and culture; the memories of people who lived through these times and the question of what to do with many of the remains of these settlements in terms of cultural heritage. Using a wide range of evidence-based research from primary and secondary data sources, including policy analysis, archival material, field surveys, historical landscape mapping and interviews, illustrated in full colour, this book covers a field of growing importance for landscape planning, heritage management and architectural history.
Table of Contents
Foreword, Ana Tostoes. Introduction. Atlas of Case Studies. Part 1: The Rise and Fall of Modernism in the Rural Landscape 1. The emergence of Modernism and modernisation as a route to rural revitalisation 2. Designing the total landscape 3. National epics, international networks of agrarianism 4. Selling the vision 5. Setting down roots, building a new community Part 2: Reorganising the Land, Building Societies 6. Taming nature - the engineering of reclamation and the introduction of infrastructure 7. Between dispersion and concentration 8. The triumph of the combine harvester 9. New lands and new lives, a new story Part 3: Settlement and Architecture 10. Not so far, not so different 11. "And there arose a new world"... building Modernist settlements 12. New building types and architectural expressions 13. "We had so much space!" the modernisation of housing Part 4: Future Challenges and the Uses of the Past 14. Modernist ruins, legacies and illusions – how does society view them? 15. The uses of the past Afterword, Dirk Gotzmann. Bibliography. Index
Axel Fisher is an Associate Professor at the Université Libre de Bruxelles, Belgium.
Simon Bell is Chair Professor at the Estonian University of Life Sciences, Estonia.
Vittoria Capresi is senior researcher at the Chair of International Urbanism and Design - Habitat Unit at the Technische Universität Berlin, Germany.
Maria Helena Maia is an Assistant Professor and Deputy Director at Escola Superior Artística do Porto, Portugal.
Cristina Pallini is an Associate Professor at Politecnico di Milano, Italy.