Originally published in 1955, this book covers most of the problems of moral philosophy but concentrates on two of them: the criterion of right action and the nature of moral judgment. Rejecting Utilitarianism, it shows how principles of moral obligation may be unified under Kant’s formula of treating people as ends-in-themselves. This formula is interpreted in terms of a new, naturalistic theory of moral obligation. Throughout the book the social reference of ethics is emphasized and moral obligation is discussed in relation to rights, justice, liberty and equality.
1. Introduction Part 1: Logic of Morals 2. The Meaning of a Logic of Morals 3. Logic of Moral Principles 4. Logic of Moral Concepts 5. Justice 6. Logic of Morals and Metaphysic of Morals Part 2: Metaphysic of Morals 7. A Theory of Moral Obligation 8. Epistemology and Ethics 9. Policies of Conduct 10. Ethics and Science: The Problem of Free Will