The study of morality is an empirical as well as conceptual task, one that involves data collection, statistical analysis, and the formulation and testing of hypotheses. This volume is about moral judgment, especially its exercise in selected social settings. The contributors are psychologists, sociologists, and philosophers of morality, most of whom have collaborated on long-ranged research projects in Europe involving socialization.
These essays make it clear that moral judgment is a complex phenomena. The book fuses developmental psychology, sociology, and social psychology. It relates this directly to the work of Jean Piaget and Lawrence Kohlberg, who wrote the introduction to the book. Whether moral reasoning has a content-specific domain, or whether its structures transcend specific issues of justice, obedience, and rights, these and similar questions suggest that moral philosophers and ethical theorists have much to say about the human condition.
The contributors represent diverse disciplines; but they have as their common concern the topic of the interaction of individual or group-specific moral development and social milieu. Although deeply involved in empirical research, they maintain that research on moral development can be pursued properly only in conjunction with a well-formulated theory of the relationship between society, cognition, and behavior. Moral development is an institutional as well as individual concern for schools, universities, and the military. It is rooted in the ability to formulate genuine and coherent moral judgments that reflect social conditions at two levels: individual socialization and historical development of the social system. This classic volume, now available in paperback, not only exemplifies that framework, but also makes an important contribution to it.
Table of Contents
Foreword by Lawrence Kohlberg
Theory and Methods
Philosophical Notes on Moral Judgment Theory by Jurgen Habermas
The Theory of Moral-Cognitive Development: A Socio-Psychological Assessment by Georg Lind
Moral Competence and Democratic Personality by George Lind, Johann-Ulrich Sandberger, and Tino Bargel
Testing for Moral Judgment Competence by Georg Lind and Roland Wakenhut
Moral Judgment and Its Social Context
Social Inequality and Moral Development by Hans Bertram
Value Change and Morality by Rainer Do;bert and Gertrud Nunner-Winkler
The Thin Line Phenomenon: Helping Bank Trainees Form a Social and Moral Identity in Their Workplaceby Fritz Oser and Andre Schlafli
Attitude Change or Cognitive-Moral Development? How to Conceive of Socialization at the University by Georg Lind
How Scientists Think About Science and Morality by Gerhard Portele
Morality and the Military Life-World by Thomas Kramer-Badoni and Roland Wakenhut
Segmentation of Soldiers' Moral Judgment by Rainer Senger
Single-Issue Movements: Political Commitment and Moral Judgment by Michael Schenk and Gerhard Bohm
Moral Judgment Competence and Political Learning by Horst Heidbrink
Philosophical Epilogue: Phylogeny and Ontogeny
What Is Social About Morality? Morals, Morality, and Ethics in Social Science Perspectives by Hans A. Hartmann
Index of Names
Index of Subjects