In recent research, dual-process theories of cognition have been the primary model for explaining moral judgment and reasoning. These theories understand moral thinking in terms of two separate domains: one deliberate and analytic, the other quick and instinctive.
This book presents a new theory of the philosophy and cognitive science of moral judgment. Hanno Sauer develops and defends an account of "triple-process" moral psychology, arguing that moral thinking and reasoning are only insufficiently understood when described in terms of a quick but intuitive and a slow but rational type of cognition. This approach severely underestimates the importance and impact of dispositions to initiate and engage in critical thinking – the cognitive resource in charge of counteracting my-side bias, closed-mindedness, dogmatism, and breakdowns of self-control. Moral cognition is based, not on emotion and reason, but on an integrated network of intuitive, algorithmic and reflective thinking.
Moral Thinking, Fast and Slow will be of great interest to philosophers and students of ethics, philosophy of psychology and cognitive science.
1. Dual Process Theory
1.1 Dual Process Theory: Origins
1.2. Dual Process Theory: Prospects and Perils
1.3. Dual Process Theory: Moral Judgment
2. From Dual to Triple Process Theory
2.1. Motivating Triple Process Theory
2.2. Moral Bullshit
2.3. Moral Reasoning
2.4. Unleashing Type III
2.5. Scaffolding Critical Thinking
3. A Triple Process Theory of Moral Cognition
3.1. Triple Process Moral Psychology: An Outline
3.2. Vindicating Progressive Morality
3.3. Initiating Override: Reflective Dispositions and Type III Failure
3.4. Individual Differences in Moral Judgment
3.5. Executing Override: Crystallized Mindware
3.6. Intuition Activation
3.7. Mindware and Moral Error
3.8. Rationalist Pessimism
3.9. After Metaethics.
Routledge Focus on Philosophy is an exciting and innovative new series, capturing and disseminating some of the best and most exciting new research in philosophy in short book form. Peer reviewed and at a maximum of fifty thousand words shorter than the typical research monograph, Routledge Focus on Philosophy titles are available in both ebook and print on demand format. Tackling big topics in a digestible format the series opens up important philosophical research for a wider audience, and as such is invaluable reading for the scholar, researcher and student seeking to keep their finger on the pulse of the discipline. The series also reflects the growing interdisciplinarity within philosophy and will be of interest to those in related disciplines across the humanities and social sciences.