Morality and Moral Controversies : Readings in Moral, Social, and Political Philosophy book cover
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10th Edition

Morality and Moral Controversies
Readings in Moral, Social, and Political Philosophy





ISBN 9780415789318
Published July 3, 2019 by Routledge
954 Pages

 
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Book Description

Morality and Moral Controversies, 10th Edition challenges students to critically assess today’s leading moral, social, and political issues. As a comprehensive anthology, it provides students with the tools they need to understand the philosophical ideas that are currently shaping our world.

The 10th edition includes classic and contemporary readings in moral theory, the most current topics in applied ethics, and updated debates in social and political philosophy. As in the previous nine editions, the materials were selected for balance, timeliness, and accessibility after reviewing a vast range of possible articles from leading scholarly journals, mainstream periodicals, online posts, and book chapters. Hallmarks include carefully edited and philosophically relevant U.S. Supreme Court decisions, compelling readings, and contrasting points of view that reflect a broad ethical and political spectrum. 

Upon completing this book, readers will be able to:

  • Understand philosophical ideas that are shaping the world today.
  • Apply various philosophical ideas to politics, religion, ethics, economics, personal relationships, medicine, the environment and climate change, warfare, and other areas.
  • Appreciate how to construct, apply, and evaluate basic philosophical arguments.

Key updates to the 10th edition include:

    • All material published in the actual book (in contrast to placing sections online behind a paywall, as was the case in earlier editions with a different publisher).
    • New readings on:
      • autonomous warfare
      • self-driving cars
      • the right to health care
      • technology and privacy
      • the value of democracy
      • racial equality
      • immigration.

    Table of Contents

    PART I MORAL THINKING

    Chapter 1
Self-Interest, Religion, and Conscience

    Leviathan: Morality as Rational Advantage Thomas Hobbes

    Morality and Rational Self-Interest Baruch Brody

    Divine Commands and the Social Nature of Obligation Robert Merrihew Adams

    Morality, Religion, and Conscience John Arthur

    The Conscience of Huckleberry Finn Jonathan Bennett

    Chapter 2
The Sources and Grounds of Morality

    The Sources of Moral Ideas: Society, Custom, and Sympathy Edward Westermarck

    Trying Out One’s New Sword Mary Midgley

    Morality Is Based on Sentiment David Hume

    Morality and Normativity Michael J. Perry

    The Moral Instinct Steven Pinker

    Chapter 3
Classical and Contemporary Theories of Morality

    Nicomachean Ethics Aristotle

    The Fundamental Principles of the Metaphysic of Morals Immanuel Kant

    Utilitarianism John Stuart Mill

    Intuitionism W. D. Ross

    Kant and Utilitarianism Contrasted Onora O’Neill

    The Real and Alleged Problems of Utilitarianism Richard B. Brandt

    The Ethics of Care as Moral Theory Virginia Held

    PART II LIFE AND DEATH

    Chapter 4
Terrorism and Torture

    Is Terrorism Morally Distinctive? Samuel Scheffler

    Torture: The Case for Dirty Harry Uwe Steinhoff

    Training Torturers: A Critique of the "Ticking Bomb" Argument Jessica Wolfendale

    Chapter 5 War, Autonomous Machines, and the Arms Trade

    On the Morality of War Richard A. Wasserstrom

    The Morality of Pacifism Cheyney Ryan

    When is a Robot a Moral Agent? John P. Sullins

    Autonomous Machines, Moral Judgement, and Acting for the Right Reasons Duncan Purves, Ryan Jenkins, and Bradley J. Strawser

    Weapons, Security, and Oppression: A Normative Study of International Arms Transfers James Christensen

    Chapter 6
Capital Punishment

    The Death Penalty Gregg v. Georgia

    Desert and Capital Punishment Martin Perlmutter

    The Ultimate Punishment Ernest van den Haag

    Abolishing the Death Penalty Even for the Worst Murderers Hugo Adam Bedau

    Justice, Civilization, and the Death Penalty Jeffrey H. Reiman

    Chapter 7
Animals, Environmentalism, and Climate

    All Animals Are Equal Peter Singer

    Speciesism and the Idea of Equality Bonnie Steinbock

    People or Penguins William F. Baxter

    The Land Ethic: Animal Liberation and Environmentalism J. Baird Callicott

    Two Kinds of Climate Justice: Avoiding Harm and Sharing Burdens Simon Caney

    Chapter 8
Cloning and Abortion

    The Ethics of Cloning-to-Produce-Children The President’s Council on Bioethics

    The Constitutional Right to Abortion Roe v. Wade

    A Defense of Abortion Judith Jarvis Thomson

    On the Moral and Legal Status of Abortion Mary Anne Warren

    Abortion and the Concept of a Person Jane English

    An Argument That Abortion Is Wrong Don Marquis

    Fathers and Fetuses George W. Harris

    Chapter 9
Health Care and Deciding Who Should Live

    The Medical Minimum: Zero Jan Narveson

    A Right to Health Care Pavlos Eleftheriadis

    Requiring Medical Treatment JFK Memorial Hospital v. Heston

    Death With Dignity Act Gonzales v. Oregon

    Aging and the Ends of Medicine Daniel Callahan

    The Survival Lottery John Harris

    PART III PERSONAL RELATIONSHIPS

    Chapter 10
Love and Sex

    Duties Toward the Body in Respect to Sexual Impulse Immanuel Kant

    Plain Sex Alan H. Goldman

    Gay Basics: Some Questions, Facts, and Values Richard D. Mohr

    What is the Point of Love? Carolyn Price

    Chapter 11
Family and Friendship

    Is Adultery Immoral? Richard A. Wasserstrom

    Licensing Parents Hugh LaFollette

    Can Parents and Children Be Friends? Joseph Kupfer

    Parents and Children as Friends Kristján Kristjánsson

    What Do Grown Children Owe Their Parents? Jane English

    Chapter 12
 Personal Dimensions of Technology: Friendships, Self-Driving Cars, and Privacy

    Is Google Making Us Stupid? Nicholas Carr

    Friendship in the Shadow of Technology Laurence Thomas

    Social Networking Sites and Our Lives Pew Internet and American Life Project

    Why Ethics Matters for Autonomous Cars Patrick Lin

    Technology and New Challenges for Privacy Leslie P. Francis

    The Benefits of Being Watched Andrew Oberg

    Privacy, Neuroscience and Neuro-Surveillance Adam D. Moore

    PART IV POLITICAL, ECONOMIC, AND SOCIAL RELATIONSHIPS

    Chapter 13
The Ideal State

    The Second Treatise of Government John Locke

    Libertarian Justice Tibor R. Machan

    On Liberty John Stuart Mill

    On Representative Government John Stuart Mill

    A Theory of Justice John Rawls

    Chapter 14
 Protests, Patriotism, and the Rule of Law

    Flag Burning as Constitutionally Protected Texas v. Johnson

    Is Patriotism a Virtue? Alasdair MacIntyre

    Patriotism as Bad Faith Simon Keller

    Frederick Douglass’s Patriotism Bernard Boxill

    Letter from a Birmingham Jail Rev. Martin Luther King, Jr.

    Crito Plato

    Legitimate and Illegitimate Uses of Police Force John Kleinig

    Chapter 15 Democracy: Foundations, Recent Contributions, and Global Challenges

    Gettysburg Address Abraham Lincoln

    What Justifies Democracy and Rule Over None II: Social Equality and the Justification of Democracy Niko Kolodny

    Are Charter Cities Legitimate Rahul Sagar

    Political Morality and the Authority of Tradition Steven Wall

    Transnational Legal Sites and Democracy-Building Seyla Benhabib

    Social Movements Avery Kolers

    Chapter 16
Liberty: Free Speech and Drug Use

    Of the Liberty of Thought and Discussion John Stuart Mill

    Power in Public: Reactions, Responses, and Resistance to Offensive Public Speech Laura Beth Nielsen

    The Social Benefits of Protecting Hate Speech and Exposing Sources of Prejudice Marcus Schulzke

    Organized Protests and Free Speech Snyder v Phelps (Westboro Baptist Church)

    Nazi Marches Village of Skokie v. National Socialist Party

    Do Corporations Have Freedom of Speech? Citizens United v. Federal Election Commission

    The Ethics of Smoking Robert E. Goodin

    Addiction and Drug Policy Daniel Shapiro

    The Ethics of Addiction: An Argument in Favor of Letting Americans Take Any Drug They Want Thomas Szasz

    Chapter 17
Economic Justice: Markets and Property

    Of Justice David Hume

    The Entitlement Theory Robert Nozick

    Inequality and Other Problems with Nozick’s Libertarianism John Rawls

    Money and Commodities Michael Walzer

    Property Rights and Eminent Domain Kelo v. City of New London

    The Social Responsibility of Business Is to Increase Its Profits Milton Friedman

    Rethinking the Social Responsibility of Business: A Debate John Mackey and Milton Friedman

    Chapter 18
Race, Gender, and Affirmative Action

    Separate But Equal? Brown v. Board of Education

    Rethinking the Problem of the Ghetto Tommie Shelby

    Affirmative Action in Higher Education Grutter v. Bollinger

    Affirmative Action in Higher Education Gratz v. Bollinger

    Reverse Discrimination James Rachels

    The Subjection of Women John Stuart Mill and Harriet Taylor

    Sexual Equality and Discrimination: Difference vs. Dominance Will Kymlicka

    Social Movements and the Politics of Difference Iris Marion Young

    Freedom, Conditioning, and the Real Woman Janet Radcliffe Richards

    Chapter 19
Immigration, National Boundaries, and Multiculturalism

    The Ethics of Immigration Joseph H. Carens

    Immigration and Democratic Principles: On Carens' Ethics of Immigration Sarah Song

    Immigration and Freedom of Association Christopher Heath Wellman

    Multiculturalism: A Liberal Perspective Joseph Raz

    Reason Before Identity Amartya Sen

    Assimilation and Cultural Identity Wisconsin v. Yoder

    Appendix: The Bill of Rights and Fourteenth Amendment

    ...
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    Editor(s)

    Biography

    Steven Scalet is Professor of Philosophy at the University of Baltimore (UB), where he helped launch the Program in Philosophy, Law, and Ethics. Prior to working at UB, he directed the Program in Philosophy, Politics, and Law at Binghamton University (State University of New York, SUNY), and received the Chancellor’s Award for Excellence in Teaching. Scalet received his Ph.D. in Philosophy and M.A. in Economics from the University of Arizona. Scalet is the author of Markets, Ethics, and Business Ethics, 2nd Edition (2018).

    John Arthur (1946–2007) was a professor of philosophy with areas of specialization in legal theory, social ethics, and political philosophy. He authored several books, including Race, Equality, and the Burdens of History (2007). He taught at Binghamton University for eighteen years.