As the first introductory statement of the ‘new psychology’, Motives and Mechanisms, originally published in 1985, aims to bring the study of human action to the forefront of the subject. Like any science, the practice of psychology is very much influenced by the hidden assumptions of its practitioners. The argument put forward in this important text shows how these assumptions can be brought out by comparing psychology with the natural sciences and with common-sense understanding.
In pursuing the integration of traditional research methods with a new style of investigation, the basic principle is that social structures and mental structures are in reciprocal relation with one another because each is involved in the creation of the other. By adopting this principle social structures become the basis for research into the cognitive and emotional organization of mind. The authors devote two key chapters to the central question that underlies this stance: are human actions and human actors’ products of internal processes, such as those described by Freud, or of external social forces, of the kind described by Mead?
List of Figures. Preface. 1. Why Do We Need a ‘New Psychology’? 2. What Must a ‘New Psychology’ Be Like? 3. How Does an Explanatory Science Work? 4. Why is Cognitive Psychology Not Enough? 5. What Methods Will Be Needed to Bring an Adequate Psychology into Being? 6. Can Some Traditional Techniques be Salvaged? 7. Can Some New Research Domains Now be Identified? Bibliography. Further Reading. Index of Names. Index of Subjects.
Psychology Revivals is an initiative aiming to re-issue a wealth of academic works which have long been unavailable. Following the success of the Routledge Revivals programme, this time encompassing a vast range from across the Behavioural Sciences, Psychology Revivals draws upon a distinguished catalogue of imprints and authors associated with both Routledge and Psychology Press, restoring to print books by some of the most influential scholars of the last 120 years.
If you are interested in Revivals in the Humanities and Social Sciences, please visit www.routledge.com/books/series/REVIVALS/