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Multimedia Communications and Networking




ISBN 9781439874844
Published March 14, 2012 by CRC Press
506 Pages - 308 B/W Illustrations

 
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Book Description

The result of decades of research and international project experience, Multimedia Communications and Networking provides authoritative insight into recent developments in multimedia, digital communications, and networking services and technologies. Supplying you with the required foundation in these areas, it illustrates the means that will allow for improved digital communications and networks.

The book starts with a review of the fundamental concepts, requirements, and constraints in networks and telecommunications. It describes channel disturbances that can hinder system performance—including noise, attenuation, distortion, and interferences—and provides transmission techniques for mitigating these limitations. Analyzing both cable and wireless transmission mediums, the book describes the network protocol architecture concept and includes coverage of twisted pairs, coaxial and optical fiber cables, wireless propagation, satellite communications, and terrestrial microwave systems. Facilitating the understanding required to participate in the development of current and next generation networks and services, this comprehensive reference:

  • Examines the range of network interconnections and WAN/MAN technologies, including synchronous optical networks (SONET), synchronous digital hierarchy (SDH), and third and next generation cellular systems (3G and 4G)
  • Describes local area network (LAN) theory and technology, including data link layers and virtual LANs
  • Explores network and transport layers, such as addressing, routing protocols, and IPv4 and IPv6 algorithms
  • Covers TCP/IP services and applications
  • Investigates different authentication and cryptographic systems, including digital signature, SSL, TLS, IPSEC, and public key infrastructure

Walking you through the planning, design, and development of multimedia, telecommunications, and networking systems, the book provides a quick and easy way to develop and refine the skills required in the field. It clearly explains the principles and corresponding techniques you need to know to implement network security. The many examples and end-of-chapter questions also make it suitable for undergraduate and graduate-level computer science and electrical engineering courses.

Table of Contents

An Introduction to Multimedia Communications and Networking
Fundamentals of Communications
     Analog and Digital Signals 
     Modulator and Demodulator 
     Transmission Mediums 
     Synchronous and Asynchronous Communication Systems 
     Simplex and Duplex Communications 
     Communications and Networks 
     Switching Modes 
          Circuit Switching
          Packet Switching 
     Connection Modes 
          Connection Oriented 
          Connectionless 
     Network Coverage Areas 
          Network Topologies 
          Classification of Media and Traffic
Present and Future of Telecommunications 
     The Convergence 
     Collaborative Era of the Network Applications
     Transition Toward the Collaborative Era
References
End of Chapter Questions

Network Protocol Architectures
Introduction to Protocol Architecture Concept
Open System Interconnection–Reference Model 
     The Seven Layer Open System Interconnection–Reference Model 
          Physical Layer
          Data Link Layer 
          Network Layer 
          Transport Layer 
          Session Layer
          Presentation Layer 
          Application Layer 
     The Service Access Point
An Overview of Transmission Control Protocol/Internet Protocol Architecture 
     Application Layer 
     Transport Layer 
     Network Layer 
     Data Link Layer 
     Physical Layer
References
End of Chapter Questions

Channel Impairments
Shannon Capacity
Attenuation
Noise Sources
     Atmospheric Noise 
     Man-Made Noise 
     Extraterrestrial Noise 
     Thermal Noise 
     Electronic Noise
The Influence of the Transmission Channel 
     Delay and Phase Shift
     Distortion 
     Equalization
Interference Sources
     Intersymbol Interference 
          Nyquist Intersymbol Interference Criterion 
     Multiple Access Interference 
     Co-Channel Interference 
     Adjacent Channel Interference
References
End of Chapter Questions

Cable Transmission Mediums
Twisted Pairs 
     Characteristics 
     Types of Protection 
     Categories
Coaxial Cables 
     Characteristics
Optical Fibers 
     Characteristics 
     Categories
References
End of Chapter Questions

Wireless Transmission Mediums
Wireless Propagation 
     Direct Wave Propagation 
          Free Space Path Loss 
          Link Budget Calculations 
          Carrier-to-Noise Ratio Calculations 
     Wireless Propagation Effects
          Reflection 
          Diffraction 
          Scattering 
     Fading 
          Shadowing Fading 
          Multipath Fading 
     Groundwave Propagation 
     Ionospheric Propagation
Satellite Communication Systems 
     Physical Analysis of Satellite Orbits
      Characteristics of Different Orbits 
          Geostationary Earth Orbit 
          Medium and Low Earth Orbit 
          Highly Elliptical Orbit 
     Satellite’s Link Budget Analysis 
Terrestrial Microwave Systems
References
End of Chapter Questions

Source Coding and Transmission Techniques
Source Coding 
      Voice 
          Analog Audio 
          Digital Audio 
     Video
          Analog Video 
          Digital Video
Line Coding 
     Return to Zero 
     Non-Return to Zero 
     Non-Return to Zero Inverted
     Bipolar Alternate Mark Inversion 
     Pseudoternary 
     Manchester 
     Differential Manchester 
     Two Binary One Quaternary
Modulation Schemes 
     Amplitude Shift Keying 
     Frequency Shift Keying 
     Phase Shift Keying 
     Multilevel Quadrature Amplitude Modulation Constellations
Coding Efficiency of a Symbol
Scrambling of Signals 
Multiplexing
     Frequency Division Multiplexing 
     Time Division Multiplexing
References
End of Chapter Questions

Advanced Transmission Techniques to Support Current and Emergent Multimedia Services
Advances in Wireless Systems and Their Technical Demands
Spread Spectrum Communications
Code Division Multiple Access 
     General Model 
     Narrowband CDMA 
     Wideband CDMA
Orthogonal Frequency-Division Multiplexing
Single Carrier–Frequency Domain Equalization 
     Iterative Block-Decision Feedback Equalizer Receivers
Diversity Combining Algorithms 
     Selection Combining 
     Maximal Ratio Combining 
     Equal Gain Combining 
     MSE-Based Combining 
RAKE Receiver
Multiple Input Multiple Output 
     Space-Time Block Coding 
     Open/Closed-Loop Techniques for Flat Fading 
          Open-Loop Techniques 
          Closed-Loop Techniques 
     Multilayer Transmission 
          System Description of the V-BLAST Scheme Applied to WCDMA Signals 
     Space Division Multiple Access 
     Beamforming
Multiresolution Transmission Schemes 
     Hierarchical QAM Constellations 
     Macrodiversity 
     Multihop Relays
References
End of Chapter Questions

Cellular Communications
Cellular Concept 
     Macrocell 
     Microcell 
     Picocell 
     Femtocell 
     Power Control
Evolution of Cellular Systems 
UMTS
Long-Term Evolution
WiMAX-IEEE802.16
Fourth Generation of Cellular Communications
References
End of Chapter Questions

Transport Networks
Circuit-Switching Transport Networks 
     FDM Hierarchy
     Plesiochronous Digital Hierarchy 
     Synchronous Digital Hierarchies 
          SDH/SONET Network 
          SDH/SONET Frame Format 
     Digital Subscriber Line 
     Data over Cable Service Interface Specification
Packet-Switching Transport Networks 
     Asynchronous Transfer Mode 
          The B-ISDN Reference Model 
          ATM Network 
          ATM Cell Format 
     Multiprotocol Label Switching 
          The MPLS Network 
          MPLS Packet Format
References
End of Chapter Questions

Data Link Layer
LAN Devices 
     The Hub 
     The Bridge 
     The Switch 
     Spanning Tree Protocol
Logical Link Control SubLayer
      Error Control Techniques
          Hamming Distance
          Error Detection Codes
          Error Correction Codes
     Automatic Repeat Request
          Stop and Wait Automatic Repeat Request 
          Go Back N Automatic Repeat Request
          Selective Reject Automatic Repeat Request 
     Flow Control Techniques 
          Stop and Wait 
          Sliding Window
Link and Network Control Protocols
Logical Link Control Protocols 
     High Level Data Link Control Protocol 
     Point-to-Point Protocol 
     IEEE 802.2 Protocol
Medium Access Control Sublayer
Medium Access Control Protocols 
      IEEE 802.3 Protocol 
          Maximum Collision Domain Diameter 
          Physical Layer Used in IEEE 802.3 Networks 
          IEEE 802.5 Protocol 
          Fiber Distribution Data Interface Protocol 
          IEEE 802.11 Protocol
          Digital Video Broadcast Standard
Virtual Local Area Networks
References
End of Chapter Questions

Network Layer
Internet Protocol Version 4 
     Internet Protocol Version 4 Classfull Addressing 
     Internet Protocol Version 4 Classless Addressing 
     Network and Port Address Translation
     Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol 
     Internet Protocol Version 4 Datagram
Internet Protocol Version 6
     Internet Protocol Version 6 Addressing 
     Internet Protocol Version 6 Packet
Routing 
     Routing Algorithms and Protocols 
          Distance Vector Protocols 
          Link State Protocols 
          Dijkstra’s Algorithm 
          Administrative and Metric Distances 
     Internet Control Message Protocol 
     Fragmentation and Reassembling
Cisco Internetwork Operating System 
     Introduction to Cisco Internetwork Operating System 
     Basic Configuration of Routers and Switches
          Configuration Mode
          Line Configuration Submode 
          Interface Configuration Submode 
     Network Configuration in Routers 
          Static Route Configuration 
          Routing Information Protocol Configuration 
          Open Shortest Path First Configuration 
     Configuration of Virtual Local Area Networks
References
End of Chapter Questions

Transport Layer
Transmission Control Protocol
User Datagram Protocol
 Integrated and Differentiated Service 
     Integrated Services 
     Differentiated Services
References
End of Chapter Questions

Services and Applications
Web Browsing 
     Hypertext Transfer Protocol
Electronic Mail 
     Simple Mail Transfer Protocol
File Transfer 
     File Transfer Protocol
Internet Protocol Telephony and Internet Protocol Videoteleconference
     H.323 
     Session Initiation Protocol
Network Management 
     Simple Network Management Protocol
Names Resolution 
     Domain Name Server
References
End of Chapter Questions

Network Security
Overview of Network Security
Security Services 
     Confidentiality 
          Eavesdropping 
          Snooping 
          Interception 
     Integrity 
          Man-in-the-Middle 
     Availability
          Denial of Service 
     Authenticity 
          Replay Attack
Accountability
     Identification 
     Authentication 
     Authorization 
     Access Control 
     Monitoring 
     Registration 
     Auditing
Risk Management
Protective Measures 
     Symmetric Cryptography
          Symmetric Cryptographic Systems 
     Asymmetric Cryptography
     Digital Signature 
     Digital Certificates 
     Public Key Infrastructure 
     Hybrid Cryptography 
          Secure Sockets Layer and Transport Layer Security 
          Security Architecture for IP 
Network Architectures
Virtual Private Networks
References
End of Chapter Questions

Annex A
Annex B
Annex C
Index

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Author(s)

Biography

Mario Marques da Silva is a professor at Universidade Autónoma de Lisboa (CESITI) and at Escola Naval Portuguesa (CINAV). He is a researcher at the Portuguese Instituto de Telecomunicações. He received his BSc in electrical engineering in 1992 and MSc and PhD degrees in telecommunications/electrical engineering, respectively, in 1999 and 2005, both from the Universidade Técnica de Lisboa. Between 2005 and 2008, he was with NATO Air Command Control & Management Agency (NACMA) in Brussels (Belgium), where he managed the deployable communications of the new Air Command and Control System Program. He has been involved in several telecommunications projects, either as a researcher or as project leader, including involvement in activities such as research, architecture, development, analysis, simulation and testing of networking, HF, V/UHF, satellite and cellular/UMTS communications systems. His research interests include networking (e.g., TCP/IP, network security, mobile ad-hoc networking) and mobile communications, including block transmission techniques (OFDM, SC-FDE), WCDMA, multiuser detection, interference cancellation, space–time coding, MIMO systems, smart and adaptive antennas, channel estimation, and software-defined radio. He is the author of Transmission Techniques for Emergent Multicast and Broadcast Systems (CRC Press) and of several dozen journal and conference papers. Mario Marques da Silva is member of the Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE) and a member of Armed Forces Communications and Electronics Association (AFCEA), as well as a reviewer of many international scientific journals and conferences.

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Mario Marques da Silva

Associate Professor, Universidade Autónoma de Lisboa and Instituto de Telecomunicações
Lisbon

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