Multinational Business and Transnational Regions: A Transnational Business History of Energy Transition in the Rhine Region, 1945-1973, 1st Edition (Hardback) book cover

Multinational Business and Transnational Regions

A Transnational Business History of Energy Transition in the Rhine Region, 1945-1973, 1st Edition

By Marten Boon

Routledge

240 pages

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Hardback: 9781138210127
pub: 2018-03-26
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Description

Multinational Enterprise and Transnational Regions offers an innovative approach to the study of the history of transnational economic regions. The Rhine valley is such a region comprising the cities and areas along the Rhine river and its tributaries.

The transition from coal to oil that unfolded between 1945 and 1973 rapidly transformed the region, shattering some of the old river-based connections and creating new ones with the introduction of large-scale cross-border oil pipelines. Multinational enterprises shaped these new regional connections but divergent national government responses gave rise to differentiated development in different parts of the Rhine valley.

 

Multinational Enterprise and Transnational Regions argues that processes of regional change should be understood from transnational interconnections rather than from local or national perspectives. This book uses a transnational business history methodology to tease out the region’s transformation and to circumvent the national bias in public sources. It will be of relevance to academics and researchers with an interest in regional and transnational European history, international business, environmental history, and business history, as well as practitioners interested in the oil industry, energy and energy history, business history and international business, and associated disciplines.

Reviews

"A unique multi-national study in economic policy which breaks out of the national constraints of much business history work."Kevin Tennent, University of York, UK

"This book will appeal to a range of readers interested in business, economic, and energy history, as well as those who wish to better understand the nuances and tensions of postwar Europe's infrastructural integration." - Nicholas Ostrum, EuropeNow

Table of Contents

Introduction

Transnational economic regions: capturing an illusive phenomenon

Resurrecting the Rhine as an economic region

Energy transition in the Rhine region

Part I Regional transformation — Energy transition in the Rhine region

Chapter 1 The post-war reconstruction and the rise of oil, 1945-1951

1.1 Introduction

1.2 The question of energy in post-war Western Europe

1.3 The impact of the Allied occupation on the Ruhr coal industry

1.4 The Allied refining program: restarting the hydrogenation plants

1.5 The case of Union Kraftstoff

1.6 The geographical consequences of the Allied occupation

1.7 Conclusion

Chapter 2 Oil unbounded: The Coal Crisis of 1957-8

2.1 Introduction

2.2 The competition between coal and oil, 1950-1955

2.3 The rise of fuel oil and the 1958 coal crisis

2.4 Stemming the tide: attempts to limit the rise of fuel oil

2.5 Conclusion

Chapter 3 The growth of chemical clusters in the Rhine region, 1960-73

3.1 Introduction

3.2 The Rhine-Ruhr refineries

3.3 Deutsche Shell and Union Kraftstoff, 1951-1958

3.4 The Rhineland refinery of Deutsche Shell

3.5 The post-war transition of the chemical industry

3.6 An oil and petrochemical cluster in the Rhine-Ruhr area

3.7 Effect of the transition on transport demand in the hinterland

3.8 Conclusions

Part II Regional connections — From Rhine to pipeline

Chapter 4 Pipelines: The national approach, 1955-6

4.1 Introduction

4.2 A pipeline to the Rhine-Ruhr area

4.3 Rotterdam competing with Wilhelmshaven

4.4 Wilhelmshaven: "the best deep water port in Europe"?

4.5 Conclusions

Chapter 5 The trans-European pipeline: The transnational approach: 1956-8

5.1 Introduction

5.2 From national to transnational: the trans-European pipeline plan

5.3 Further complications

5.4 France, oil and the Cold War

5.5 Endgame: The failure of the trans-European pipeline

5.6 Why the trans-European pipeline never materialised

5.7 Conclusion

Chapter 6 Expanding transnational connections, 1959-73

6.1 Introduction

6.2 The hydrocarbon hub: The Rotterdam port between 1950 and 1973

6.3 The expansion of the Rotterdam-Rhine pipeline, 1965-1968

6.4 The Rhine-Main pipeline, 1965-1971

6.5 Integrating chemical clusters in the Rhine basin, 1965-73

6.6 The Rotterdam-Antwerp pipeline, 1967-1969

6.7 Conclusion

Chapter 7 Transnational connections in the Rhine region: Evidence from transport flows

7.1 Introduction

7.2 Gateway to the Rhine? Rotterdam from transitopolis to industrial port

7.3 Oil flows in the Rhine region: The impact of pipelines

7.4 Transnational connections

7.5 Conclusion

Chapter 8 Conclusion

About the Author

Marten Boon is Postdoctoral Fellow at the Department of History at Norwegian University of Science and Technology, Trondheim.

About the Series

Routledge International Studies in Business History

Recent years have seen an explosion of research in business history. Business history is now seen variously as a key to understanding a vital aspect of the past, a source of parallels and insights into modern business practice, and a way of understanding the evolution of modern business practice. This series is not limited to any single approach, and explores a wide range of issues and industries.

Authors wishing to submit proposals for publication consideration in the Routledge International Studies in Business History series can contact series editors Jeffrey Fear (Jeffrey.Fear@glasgow.ac.uk) and Christina Lubinski (cl.mpp@cbs.dk)

Learn more…

Subject Categories

BISAC Subject Codes/Headings:
BUS000000
BUSINESS & ECONOMICS / General
BUS035000
BUSINESS & ECONOMICS / International / General
BUS099000
BUSINESS & ECONOMICS / Environmental Economics