Muslims and Crusaders : Christianity’s Wars in the Middle East, 1095–1382, from the Islamic Sources book cover
2nd Edition

Muslims and Crusaders
Christianity’s Wars in the Middle East, 1095–1382, from the Islamic Sources

ISBN 9781138543102
Published April 28, 2020 by Routledge
308 Pages

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Book Description

Muslims and Crusaders combines chronological narrative, discussion of important areas of scholarly enquiry and evidence from Islamic primary sources to give a well-rounded survey of Christianity’s wars in the Middle East, 1095–1382.

Revised, expanded and updated to take account of the most recent scholarship, this second edition enables readers to achieve a broader and more complete perspective on the crusading period by presenting the crusades from the viewpoints of those against whom they were waged, the Muslim peoples of the Levant. The book introduces the reader to the most significant issues that affected Muslim responses to the European crusaders and their descendants who would go on to live in the Latin Christian states that were created in the region. It considers not only the military encounters between Muslims and crusaders, but also the personal, political, diplomatic, and trade interactions that took place between the Muslims and Franks away from the battlefield.

Engaging with a wide range of translated primary source documents, including chronicles, dynastic histories, religious and legal texts, and poetry, Muslims and Crusaders is ideal for students and historians of the crusades.

Table of Contents

Chronology; Who’s Who; Glossary; Guide to Muslim Names; List of Figures; Acknowledgements; Maps; Dynastic Tables and Genealogies; 1. Introduction; 2. The Muslim World before the Crusades; 3. The First Crusade and the Muslim Response, 1095-1146; 4. Nurturing Enthusiasm for the Jihad, 1146-1174; 5. Victory and Stalemate, 1174-1193; 6. Making War in the Levant; 7. Making Peace in the Levant; 8. The Successors of Saladin, 1193-1249; 9. The Mamluks, 1249-1382; 10. Conclusion; Documents: 1. Extracts from the Qur’an and Hadith; 2. A Depiction of the Fatimid Caliph al-Hakim bi-Amr Allah (r. 996-1021); 3. Al-Mas‘udi on the Franks; 4. The Fall of Jerusalem to the Crusaders: Two Accounts; 5. Muslim Views of the Crusaders and their Motives; 6. Extracts from the Book of the Jihad of ‘Ali ibn Tahir al-Sulami (d. 1106); 7. The Failure of the Crusader Attack on Damascus in 1148: Two Accounts; 8. Muhammad ibn Ahmad al-Wasiti (fl. 1019), Extracts from The Merits of Jerusalem; 9. Ibn al-Athir on Nur al-Din and Saladin; 10. ‘Imad al-Din al-Isfahani on the Battle of Hattin and Saladin’s Conquest of Jerusalem; 11. Baha’ al-Din ibn Shaddad on Saladin’s Virtues; 12. An Exchange of Letters during Richard the Lionheart’s Crusade; 13. Extract from al-Harawi’s Treatise on Muslim Military Tactics; 14. Usama ibn Munqidh on Frankish Culture; 15. Ibn al-Qaysarani and ‘Imad al-Din al-Isfahani on Frankish Women; 16. Al-Kamil Muhammad and the Crusade against Damietta in 1218-21; 17. Two Sources on the Handover of Jerusalem to Frederick II; 18. Ibn al-Dawadari on the Battle of ‘Ayn Jalut; 19. Qalawun’s Treaty with the Lady of Tyre, 1285; 20. Abu’l-Fida’ on the Conquest of Acre, 1291; 21. Statements of Usama ibn Ladin (Osama bin Laden, 1957-2011), 1998; Select Bibliography; Index

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Niall Christie in an instructor in history at Langara College in Vancouver, Canada, where he teaches the history of Europe and the Muslim world. He is also an adjunct professor of medieval studies at the University of Victoria. His research focuses on the Muslim response to the crusades. He is the author of numerous articles and The Book of the Jihad of 'Ali ibn Tahir al-Sulami (d. 1106): Text, Translation and Commentary (2015).


"Although the primary audience for this revised edition (originally published in 2014) is still the general reader and undergraduate student, it is equally attractive to historians, especially medievalists whose expertise is not in the medieval Levant. The work has a tripartite organization, and each section mutually supports the others. Extensive prefatory material includes a guide to understanding Muslim names, a chronology, a "Who's who" section, maps, and a glossary—all extremely useful when tackling the narrative portion, which immediately follows. Spanning 10 chapters, this central section observes an overall chronological structure that starts with a presentation of core Muslim beliefs and a basic history of the Levant in the pre-crusading period, continues with the centuries of contact (military and non-military) between crusaders and their opponents, and ends with a wonderful chapter on the place of the crusades within medieval and modern thought. The last section presents selected documents translated from Arabic whose numbering is keyed into the preceding account. What makes this book outstanding is the scholarship, clear prose, and scrupulous honesty in the construction of a narrative that illuminates the major historiographical controversies while providing a context for understanding the documents". R. T. Ingoglia, St.Thomas Aquinas College Summing Up: Highly recommended. All levels.

"The topic of the Muslim responses to the Crusades is a dense and complex field. Niall Christie's textbook, now in its expanded second edition, simplifies the subject and presents it in an engaging, succinct, but also thorough manner. I highly recommend this textbook for all university courses on the field of the Islamic World and the Crusades." Fadi Ragheb, Assistant Professor, Near and Middle Eastern Civilizations, University of Toronto, Canada.

"In the twenty-first century, it is increasingly imperative that we teach the history of the crusades comparatively and critically, with attention to historical methods, contexts, and contingencies. Dr. Christie’s groundbreaking textbook empowers instructors and students to do this, even if they are encountering Islamic history for the first time. Christie introduces key terms and concepts, rigorously contextualizes his sources, and thoughtfully considers historiographical debates. He accomplishes this concisely and in clear, student-friendly prose, while also providing a full range of teaching aids, including sometimes otherwise unavailable primary sources in translation. This book is absolutely essential for anyone teaching the history of the crusades." Susanna A. Throop, Associate Professor, Ursinus College, USA