1st Edition

Myanmar Politics, Economy and Society

Edited By Adam Simpson, Nicholas Farrelly Copyright 2021
    290 Pages
    by Routledge

    290 Pages
    by Routledge

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    This book provides a sophisticated, yet accessible, overview of the key political, economic and social challenges facing contemporary Myanmar and explains the complex historical and ethnic dynamics that have shaped the country.

    With clear and incisive contributions from the world’s leading Myanmar scholars, this book assesses the policies and political reforms that have provoked contestation in Myanmar’s recent history and driven both economic and social change. In this context, questions of economic ownership and control and the distribution of natural resources are shown to be deeply informed by long-standing fractures among ethnic and civil-military relations. The chapters analyse the key issues that constrain or expedite societal development in Myanmar and place recent events of national and international significance in the context of its complex history and social relations. In doing so, the book demonstrates that ethnic and cultural diversity is at the core of Myanmar’s society and heavily influences all aspects of life in the country.

    Filling a gap in the market, this research textbook and primer will be of interest to upper undergraduates, postgraduates and scholars of Southeast Asian politics, economics and society and to journalists and professionals working within governments, companies and other organisations.

    1. Interrogating Contemporary Myanmar: The Difficult Transition

    Adam Simpson and Nicholas Farrelly

    Part 1: Politics

    2. Elections and Political Reform: New Hopes, Old Fears

    Nicholas Farrelly

    3. The Military: Institution and Politics

    Maung Aung Myoe

    4. Law, Lawyers and Legal Institutions

    Mish Khan & Nick Cheesman

    5. Ethnic Politics: Diversity and Agency Amidst Persistent Violence

    Matthew Walton

    6. Democracy and Human Rights: In the Shadow of Myanmar’s National Security State

    Morten Pedersen

    7. Foreign Policy and International Engagement: Strategic Realities, Domestic Priorities

    Renaud Egreteau

    Part 2: Economy

    8. Political Regimes and Economic Policy: Isolation, Consolidation, Reintegration

    Michele Ford, Michael Gillan & Htwe Htwe Thein

    9. Industrial Policy and Special Economic Zones: Engaging Transformation in a Globalised World

    Giuseppe Gabusi & Michele Boario

    10. Agriculture and the Rural Economy: The Struggle to Transform Rural Livelihoods

    Duncan Boughton, Ikuko Okamoto, Siu Sue Mark, Tin Htut Oo, Theingi Myint and Ardeth Maung Thawnghmung

    11. Natural Resources: Wealth and Conflict

    Adam Simpson

    Part 3: Society

    12. Art and Heritage: Creating and Preserving Cultural Histories

    Charlotte Galloway

    13. Women's Rights: Change and Continuity

    Jenny Hedström, Elisabeth Olivius & Valentina Kay Soe

    14. Myanmar’s Contested Borderlands: Uneven Development and Ongoing Armed Conflict

    Busarin Lertchavalitsakul & Patrick Meehan

    15. Ethnicity, Culture and Religion: Centralisation, Burmanisation and Social Transformation

    Violet Cho & David Gilbert

    16. Journalism and Free Speech: Freedom and Fear

    Tom Kean & Mratt Kyaw Thu

    17. The Rohingya Crisis: Nationalism and its Discontents

    Adam Simpson & Nicholas Farrelly


    Adam Simpson is Program Director of the Master of Communication in UniSA Justice & Society, at the University of South Australia. He is the co-editor, along with Nicholas Farrelly and Ian Holliday, of the Routledge Handbook of Contemporary Myanmar (2018) and author of Energy, Governance and Security in Thailand and Myanmar (2014, 2017).

    Nicholas Farrelly is Professor and Head of Social Sciences at the University of Tasmania, Australia. He was previously Associate Dean of the College of Asia and the Pacific at the Australian National University.

    "It is a must-read for scholars on contemporary Myanmar and fascinating for anyone interested in broader processes of political and economic transformations … All in all, the book is a welcome addition to studies of contemporary Myanmar and deserves to be read widely." Marco Bünte, European Journal of East Asian Studies, May 2021, Volume 20 (1): 277-78