1st Edition


ISBN 9780415354943
Published June 21, 2007 by Routledge
1504 Pages

USD $400.00

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Book Description

Myth is truly boundlessly interdisciplinary. There is no field of myth studies itself. Rather, many disciplines have contributed theories of myth. In addition to theories from anthropology and sociology, theories of myth have come mainly from psychology, folklore, philosophy, religious studies, and – not least – literature. All are represented in this new four-volume Major Work from Routledge, which draws together scholarship on myth that ranges from the late nineteenth century down to the present. In addition to surveys of approaches to myth, the topics covered are: myth and history, myth and nationalism, myth and ideology, myth and psychology, myth and ritual, myth and literature, myth and anthropology/strcturalism, myth and philosophy, myth and religion. and myth and science/science in myth.

With an introduction by the editor, an index and a chronological table of articles, Myth will be welcomed by researchers as an indispensable reference resource.

Table of Contents

Volume I

Introduction by Robert Segal

Part 1: Surveys of Theories of Myth

1. Richard M. Dorson, ‘Theories of Myth and the Folklorist’, Daedalus 88 (1959): 280–90.

2. Percy S. Cohen, ‘Theories of Myth’, Man, N.S., 4 (1969): 337–53.

3. Alan Dundes, ‘The Psychoanalytic Study of Folklore’, Annals of Scholarship 3 (1985): 1–42.

4. Jaan Puhvel, ‘The Study of Myth’, Comparative Mythology (Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1987), pp. 1–20.

5. Robert A. Oden, Jr., ‘Myth and Mythology’, in David Noel Freedman (ed.), Anchor Bible Dictionary (New York: Doubleday, 1992), vol. 4, pp. 946–56.

Part 2: Myth and History

6. Lord Raglan, ‘The Hero of Tradition’, Folklore 45 (1934): 212–31.

7. Peter Heehs, ‘Myth, History, and Theory’, History and Theory 33 (1994): 1–19.

8. A. E. Wardman, ‘Myth in Greek Historiography’, Historia 9 (1960): 403–13.

9. Geo Widengren, ‘Myth and History in Israelite-Jewish Thought’, in Stanley Diamond (ed.), Culture in History: Essays in Honor of Paul Radin (New York: Columbia University Press, 1960), pp. 467–95.

Part 3: Myth and Nationalism

10. George Schöpflin, ‘The Functions of Myth and a Taxonomy of Myths’, in Geoffrey Hosking and George Schöpflin (eds.), Myths and Nationhood (London: Hurst, 1997), pp. 19–36.

11. Jay W. Baird, ‘The Myth of Langemarck’, in To Die for Germany (Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 1990), pp. 1–12.

12. Richard T. Hughes, Myths America Lives By (Urbana: University of Illinois Press, 2004) pp. 19–44.

Part 4: Myth and Ideology

13. Ernst Cassirer, ‘Judaism and the Modern Political Myths’, Contemporary Jewish Record 7 (1944): 115–26.

14. Ben Halpern, ‘"Myth" and "Ideology" in Modern Usage’, History and Theory 1 (1961): 129–49.

15. Christopher G. Flood, Political Myth: A Theoretical Introduction (New York and London: Routledge, 2002), pp. 41–4, 275–6.

Part 5: Myth and Psychology

16. Sigmund Freud, ‘The Interpretation of Dreams’, The Standard Edition of the Complete Psychological Works of Sigmund Freud, trans. James Strachey et al. (London: Hogarth Press and the Institute of Psycho-Analysis, 1953), vol. 4, pp. 260–3.

17. Robert Eisner, The Road to Daulis: Psychoanalysis, Psychology, and Classical Mythology (Syracuse: Syracuse University Press, 1987), pp. 9–26.

18. Otto Rank, The Myth of the Birth of the Hero, trans. F. Robbins and Smith Ely Jelliffe (New York: Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease Publishing Company, 1914), pp. 61–83.

19. Weston La Barre, ‘Folklore and Psychology’, Journal of American Folklore 61 (1948): 382–90.

20. Alan Dundes, ‘The Flood as Male Myth of Creation’, Journal of Psychoanalytic Anthropology 9 (1986): 359–72.

21. Jacob A. Arlow, ‘Ego Psychology and the Study of Mythology’, Journal of the American Psychoanalytic Association 9 (1961): 371–93.

22. Erich Fromm, ‘The Oedipus Myth’, Scientific American 180 (1949): 22–7.

23. C. G. Jung, ‘The Psychology of the Child Archetype’, in Sir Herbert Read et al. (eds.), The Collected Works of C. G. Jung, 2nd edn., trans. R. F. C. Hull et al. (London: Routledge and Kegan Paul, 1959), vol. 9, part 1, pp. 151–81.

24. Joseph Campbell, ‘The Hero and the God’, in The Hero with a Thousand Faces, 2nd edn. (Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 1968) pp. 30–40.

25. Carlos C. Drake, ‘Jung and His Critics’, Journal of American Folklore 80 (1967): 321–33.

26. David L. Miller, ‘An Exploded Cultural Sphere: The Death of God and the Rebirth of the Gods’, The New Polytheism, 2nd edn. (Dallas: Spring Publications, 1981), pp. 23–35.

Volume II

Part 1: Myth and Ritual

27. William Robertson Smith, ‘Lecture I: Introduction: The Subject and the Method of Enquiry’, Lectures on the Religion of the Semites. First Series: The Fundamental Institutions (Edinburgh: Black, 1889), pp. 1–28.

28. James George Frazer, ‘The Myth of Adonis’, Adonis Attis Osiris: Studies in the History of Oriental Religion (vol. 5 of The Golden Bough, 3rd edn.) (London: Macmillan, 1914), pp. 3–12.

29. Jane Ellen Harrison, ‘Introduction’, in Themis (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1912), pp. xi–xxv.

30. S. H. Hooke, ‘The Myth and Ritual Pattern of the Ancient East’, in S. H. Hooke (ed.), Myth and Ritual (London: Oxford University Press, 1933), pp. 1–14.

31. Stanley Edgar Hyman, ‘The Ritual View of Myth and the Mythic’, Journal of American Folklore 68 (1955): 462–72.

32. William Bascom, ‘The Myth-Ritual Theory’, Journal of American Folklore 70 (1957): 103–14.

33. René Girard, ‘What Is a Myth?’, in The Scapegoat, trans. Yvonne Freccero (London: Athlone Press, 1986), pp. 24–34.

34. Walter Burkert, Homo Necans, tr. Peter Bing (Berkeley: University of California Press, 1983), pp. 29–34.

Part 2: Myth and Literature

35. Jane Ellen Harrison, ‘Ritual, Art, and Life’, Ancient Art and Ritual (London: Williams and Norgate, 1913), pp. 204–29.

36. Gilbert Murray, ‘Hamlet and Orestes: A Study in Traditional Types’, Proceedings of the British Academy 6 (113–14): 389–412.

37. Jesse L. Weston, From Ritual to Romance (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1920) pp. 52–64.

38. Northrop Frye, ‘The Archetypes of Literature’, Kenyon Review 13 (1951): 92–110.

39. Herbert Weisinger, ‘The Myth and Ritual Approach to Shakespearean Tragedy’, Centennial Review 1 (1957): 142–66.

40. Richard Chase, ‘Myth as Literature’, in English Institute Essays 1947 (New York: Columbia University Press, 1948), pp. 3–22.

41. Ian Watt, ‘Robinson Crusoe as a Myth’, Essays in Criticism 1 (1951): 95–119.

42. Philip Rahv, ‘The Myth and the Powerhouse’, Partisan Review 20 (1953): 635–48.

43. Daniel Russell Brown, ‘A Look at Archetypal Criticism’, Journal of Aesthetics and Art Criticism 28 (1970): 465–72.

44. Denis Donohue, ‘Yeats, Eliot, and the Mythical Method’, Sewannee Review 105 (1997): 206–26.

Volume III

Part 1: Myth and Anthropology / Structuralism

45. [Friedrich] Max Müller, ‘On the Philosophy of Mythology’, Contemporary Review 19 (1871–2): 97–119.

46. Andrew Lang, ‘Mythology’, in Encyclopaedia Britannica, 9th edn., vol. 17 (Edinburgh: Black, 1884), pp. 135–58.

47. Richard M. Dorson, ‘The Eclipse of Solar Mythology’, Journal of American Folklore 68 (1955): 393–416.

48. Franz Boas, ‘The Growth of Indian Mythologies’, Journal of American Folklore 9 (1896): 1–11.

49. Bronislaw Malinowski, ‘Myth in Primitive Psychology’, in Magic, Science and Religion and Other Essays (Garden City, New York: Anchor Books, 1948), pp. 93–148.

50. Claude Lévi-Strauss, ‘The Structural Study of Myth’, Journal of American Folklore 68 (1955): 428–44.

51. K. R. Walters, ‘Another Showdown at the Cleft Way: An Inquiry into Classicists’ Criticism of Lévi-Strauss’ Myth Analysis’, Classical World 77 (1984): 337–51.

52. Georges Dumézil, ‘The Archaic Triad: The Documents’ and ‘Interpretation: The Three Functions’, Archaic Roman Religion, tr. Philip Krapp (Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1970), pp. 141–7.

53. C. Scott Littleton, ‘The Comparative Indo-European Mythology of Georges Dumézil’, Journal of the Folklore Institute 1 (1964): 147–66.

54. Roland Barthes, ‘Myth Today’, in Mythologies, trans. Annette Lavers (New York: Hill and Wang, 1972), pp. 109–37.

55. Michael Moriarty, ‘Myths’, Roland Barthes (Stanford: Stanford University Press, 1991), pp. 19–30, 212–14.

Part 2: Myth and Philosophy

56. Lucien Lévy-Bruhl, ‘The Transition to the Higher Mental Types’, How Natives Think, tr. Lilian A. Clare (New York: Washington Square Press, 1966), pp. 323–47.

57. E. E. Evans-Pritchard, ‘Lévy-Bruhl’s Theory of Primitive Mentality’, University of Egypt Bulletin of the Faculty of Arts 2 (May 1934): 1–36.

58. Paul Radin, ‘Psychological Types: The Man of Action and the Thinker’ in The World of Primitive Man (New York: Abelard-Schuman, 1953), pp. 37–67.

59. Ernst Cassirer, ‘The Mythical Consciousness of the Object’, The Philosophy of Symbolic Forms, vol. II (‘Mythical Thought’), tr. Ralph Manheim (New Haven, CT: Yale University Press, 1955), pp. 29–59.

60. Donald Verene, ‘Cassirer’s View of Myth and Symbol’, Monist 50 (1966): 553–64.

61. Rudolf Bultmann, ‘New Testament and Mythology’, in Hans-Werner Bartsch (ed.), Kerygma and Myth, vol. I (London: Society for Promoting Christian Knowledge, 1953), pp. 1–44.

62. R. F. Aldwinckle, ‘Myth and Symbol in Contemporary Philosophy and Theology: The Limits of Demythologizing’, Journal of Religion 34 (1954): 267–79.

63. Albert Camus, ‘The Myth of Sisyphus’, The Myth of Sisyphus and Other Essays, tr. Justin O’Brien (New York: Vintage Books, 1960), pp. 88–91.

64. Paul Ricoeur, ‘The Symbolic Function of Myths’, The Symbolism of Evil, tr. Emerson Buchanan (Boston: Beacon Press, 1969), pp. 161–74.

65. Cristiano Grottanelli, ‘Nietzsche and Myth’, History of Religions 37 (1997): 3–20.

Volume IV

Part 1: Myth and Religion

66. Raffaele Pettazzoni, ‘The Truth of Myth’, Essays on the History of Religions, Supplements to Numen, vol. I (Leiden: Brill, 1954), pp. 11–23.

67. Mircea Eliade, ‘The Prestige of the Cosmogonic Myth’, Diogenes, 23 (1958): 1–13.

68. H. and H. A. Frankfort, ‘Myth and Reality’, The Intellectual Adventure of Ancient Man: An Essay on Speculative Thought in the Ancient Near East (Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1946), pp. 3–27.

69. Theodor H. Gaster, ‘Mythic Thought in the Ancient Near East’, Journal of the History of Ideas 16 (1955): 422–6.

70. John L. McKenzie, ‘Myth and the Old Testament’, Catholic Biblical Quarterly 21 (1959): 265–82.

71. C. K. Barrett, ‘Myth and the New Testament: The Greek Word MUTHOS’, Expository Times 68 (1957): 345–8.

Part 2: Myth and Science / Science in Myth

72. Edward Burnett Tylor, ‘Mythology’, Primitive Culture, 5th edn. (London: John Murray, 1913), pp. 273–315.

73. Karl R. Popper, ‘Towards a Rational Theory of Tradition’, Conjectures and Refutations, 2nd edn. (London: Routledge and Kegan Paul, 1965), pp. 120–35.

74. Samuel Noah Kramer, ‘Myths of Origins’, Sumerian Mythology, revised edn. (New York: Harper and Row, 1961), pp. 30–75.

75. Thorkild Jacobsen, ‘Sumerian Mythology: A Review Article’, Journal of Near Eastern Studies 5 (1946): 128–52.

76. Giorgio De Santillana, ‘Prologue’, The Origins of Scientific Thought (Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1961).

77. Mott T. Greene, ‘Hesiod’s Volcanoes I. Titans and Typhoeus’, Natural Knowledge in Preclassical Antiquity (Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1992), pp. 46–72.

78. William Ryan, and Walter Pitman, ‘Other Myths’, Noah’s Flood (London: Simon and Schuster, 1999), pp. 250–66.

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