Nanocomposite Membrane Technology : Fundamentals and Applications book cover
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Nanocomposite Membrane Technology
Fundamentals and Applications





ISBN 9781466576827
Published December 18, 2015 by CRC Press
325 Pages 71 B/W Illustrations

 
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Book Description

Nanocomposite Membrane Technology: Fundamentals and Applications is the first book to deliver an extensive exploration of nanocomposite membrane technology. This groundbreaking text offers an eloquent introduction to the field as well as a comprehensive overview of fundamental aspects and application areas. Approaching the subject from the materials point of view, this book:

  • Discusses the history, synthesis, and characterization of nanocomposite membranes
  • Examines water treatment, gas separation, and biomedical applications
  • Addresses health, environmental, safety, and societal implications
  • Considers processing challenges, including scalability issues
  • Provides case studies of real-world implementations

Nanocomposite Membrane Technology: Fundamentals and Applications covers each topic with enough clarity and detail to be a valuable source of information for beginners and experts alike. Thus, this book is the guide of choice for scientists and engineers in both industry and academia.

Table of Contents

Membrane Technology
Historical Background
Membranes and Membrane Types
Membrane Technologies
Other Membrane Processes
Membrane Transport Theories
Membrane Preparation Technique
Membrane Modules
Selection of Membrane Module
Concentration Polarization and Fouling
Materials for Different Membrane Processes
Need for Nanocomposite Membranes
References

Synthesis of Nanocomposite Membranes
Introduction
Raw Materials
Processing Methods
Challenges
References

Characterization of Nanocomposite Membranes
Introduction
Methods for Measurement of Pore Size and Pore Size Distribution
Micrographic Methods
Spectroscopic Methods
Contact Angle Goniometer
Zeta Potential Measurements
Differential Scanning Calorimetry
Tensile Strength Measurements
Methods to Characterize Proton-Exchange Membranes
References

Nanocomposite Membranes in Water Treatment
Introduction
Conventional Nanocomposites
Thin-Film Nanocomposites
TFC with Nanocomposite Substrate
Bioinspired Membranes
Challenges
References

Nanocomposite Membranes in Gas Separation
Introduction
Mixed Matrix Membrane
Nanocomposite Membrane Preparation
MMM Materials
Effect of the Inorganic Dispersed Phase
Porous Material Fillers
Nonporous Material Fillers
Permeation Models for MMMs
References

Nanocomposite Membranes in Biomedical Applications
Introduction
Potential Areas
Core–Shell Nanoparticles and Polymeric Nanohybrid Devices
Chitin and Chitosan
Bio-Nanocomposites from Lignocellulosic Resources
Polymer–Bioactive Glass Nanocomposites
Gold Nanoparticles
Graphene
Carbon Nanotubes
References

Challenges in Processing of Nanocomposite Membranes
Introduction
Material Selection
Interface Defects
Effect of Particle Size and Size Distribution
Challenges in CNT–Polymer Nanocomposite Membrane
Interfacial Defects
Challenges for Integrated Systems Nanomanufacturing
References

Nanocomposite Membranes: Health, Environment, Safety, and Societal Implications
Introduction
Risk Assessment
Environmental Issues of Nanomaterials
Health Risk
Societal and Ethical Issues
Public Awareness and Participation
Regulatory Issues
References

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Author(s)

Biography

P.K. Tewari joined the Bhabha Atomic Research Centre (BARC) in 1977 and became associate director of its Chemical Engineering Group in 2014. Currently, he is Raja Ramanna fellow in the BARC, consultant to the Office of the Principal Scientific Adviser to the Government of India, and professor at the Homi Bhabha National Institute. Dr. Tewari received his PhD in chemical engineering from the Indian Institute of Technology Bombay in 1987. He was chairman of the International Nuclear Desalination Advisory Group of the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) from 2005 to 2008 and is currently chairman of the Technical Working Group on Nuclear Desalination of the IAEA. Widely published and highly decorated, Dr. Tewari is chairman of the Water Quality for Industrial Purposes Committee of the Bureau of Indian Standards, president of the Indian Desalination Association, member of the Board of Directors of the International Desalination Association, editor-in-chief of the International Journal of Nuclear Hydrogen Production and Applications, associate editor of the International Journal of Nuclear Desalination, and member of the editorial board of Desalination and Water Treatment.