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Nanofillers
Fabrication, Characterization and Applications of Inorganic Nanofillers



  • Available for pre-order on March 15, 2023. Item will ship after April 5, 2023
ISBN 9781032245898
April 5, 2023 Forthcoming by CRC Press
304 Pages 80 B/W Illustrations

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Book Description

Analysing the modifying effects of various inorganic nanofillers on the mechanical properties of polymer nanocomposites, this book covers processing, characterization, properties, and applications to analyse how these materials allow for innovative multifunction. This volume looks at the various synthesis methods available within inorganic nanofillers, and what characterises them, covering design, manufacturing processes and end user results. Chapters focus on metal oxides, energy storage and devices, alongside polymers used for packaging. This book details the role inorganic nanofillers have to play in cost effective manufacturing processes, due to their strength and efficiency, and their subsequent relevance to low cost yet high performance materials. Covering topics such as corrosion resistance, wear resistance, strength, and characterization, the book is an essential companion for any engineer working with inorganic nanofillers. The book will be of interest to engineers involved with inorganic nanofillers, in a variety of industries including automotive, aerospace and biomedical engineering.

Table of Contents

Chapter 1 Outline and classification of inorganic nanofillers in polymers
M.G.R. Tamasha Jayawickrama, B.S.S. Nishadani, M. Iqbal Ishra, M.M.M.G.P.G. Mantilaka
1.1. Introduction 
1.2. Classification of Nanofillers
1.2.1. Zero-dimensional nanofillers
1.2.2. one-dimensional nanofillers (nanoplatelet)
1.2.3. two-dimensional nanofillers (nanofiber)
1.2.4. three-dimensional nanofillers (nanoparticulate)
1.3. Properties of polymers, inorganic nanofillers and nanocomposite
1.4. Applications of inorganic nanoparticles and nanocomposites
1.5. Types of Inorganic Nanofillers
1.6. Synthesis of Nanofillers
1.7. Modification of Nanofillers
1.8. Preparation of Polymer/Inorganic Nanocomposites
1.9. Conclusion
References
Chapter 2 A compendium on metallic inorganic fillers properties and applications employed in polymers
Qazi Adfar, Mohammad Aslam, Shrikant S Maktedar 
2.1 Introduction
2.1.1 Two-Dimensional Nanofillers
2.1.2 Three-Dimensional Nanofillers
2.2 Properties and Applications of Metallic Inorganic Fillers:
2.2.1 Silver (Ag) NPs
2.2.2 Gold (Au)
2.2.3 Zinc (Zn)
2.2.4 Cobalt (Co) NPs
2.2.5 Iron (Fe)
2.2.6  Nickel (Ni)
2.2.8 Copper (Cu) NPs
2.2.8. Platinum (Pt) Nps
2.2.9 Chromium oxide (Cr2O3) NPs
2.2.10 Titanium (Ti) NPs
2.3 Conclusion
References
Chapter 3 An exploration of some essential inorganic nanofillers
Dhananjay Singh, Deepak Singh, Suresh Kumar Patel, G. L. Devnani

3.1 Introduction
3.2 Nano Carbides
3.2.1 Zirconium Carbide (ZrC)
3.2.2 Boron Carbide (B4C)
3.2.3 Silicon Carbide (SiC)
3.2.4 Chromium Carbide (Cr3C2)
3.3 Nano Sulphide
3.3.1 Zinc Sulphide (ZnS)
3.3.2 Lead Sulphide (PbS)
3.4 Nano Clay
3.4.1 Montmorillonite (MMT)
3.4.2 Nano-Calcium Carbonate
3.4.3 Smectite
3.4.4 Mica
3.5 Nano Nitride
3.6 Other Nanofillers
3.7 Conclusion
References

Chapter 4 An exploration of some essential inorganic nanofillers apart from metal oxides, metallic particles, and carbon-based.
Bosely Anne Bose, Bhadrapriya B C, Nandakumar Kalarikkal
4.1 Introduction
4.2 Nanofillers
4.2.1 Inorganic nanofillers
4.2.2 Factors affecting nanofillers
4.3 Inorganic nanofillers apart from metal, metal oxides and carbon-based nanofillers
4.3.1 Cellulose Nanofillers
4.3.2 Metal Sulphide Nanofillers
4.3.3 Metal Organic Frameworks (MOFs)
4.3.4 Nanoclays (Layered Silicate Nanofillers)
4.4 Conclusion
References

Chapter 5 To comprehend the applications of inorganic nanofillers derived polymers in packaging.
Prakash Chander Thapliyal, Neeraj Kumar
5.1 Introduction
5.2.1 Chitosan
5.2.1.1 Nanofiller in Chitosan
5.2.2 Chitin
5.2.2.1 Chitin composites
5.2.3 Cellulose
5.2.3.1 Nanofillers in cellulose
5.2.4 Starch
5.2.4.1 Nanofiller in starch
5.2.5 Miscellaneous
5.3 Conclusion
5.4 Acknowledgments

Chapter 6 Inorganic nanofillers-incorporated polymeric nanocomposites for biomedical applications
Mohammad Fahim Tazwar, Syed Talha Muhtasim, Tousif Reza, Yashdi Saif Autul, Md Enamul Hoque
6.1 Introduction
6.2 Biomedical Applications of Different Inorganic Nanofiller Polymeric Nanocomposites
6.2.1 Carbon Nanotubes (CNT)
6.2.1.1 Bone Tissue Engineering
6.2.1.2 Antimicrobial Applications
6.2.1.3 Neural Applications
6.2.1.4 Biosensors
6.2.1.5 COVID-19 Detection
6.2.1.6 Drug Administration
6.2.2 Graphene
6.2.2.1 Drug/Gene Delivery and Cancer Treatment
6.2.2.2 Tissue Engineering and Regenerative Medicine
6.2.2.3 Biosensors
6.2.3 Metal and Metal oxide Polymeric Nanocomposites
6.2.3.1 Antimicrobial Applications
6.2.3.2 Nanobiosensors
6.2.3.3 Drug Delivery
6.2.3.4 Cancer Therapy
6.2.4 Nanoclays
6.2.4.1 Drug Delivery
6.2.4.2 Wound Healing
6.2.4.3 Tissue Engineering
6.2.4.4 Bioimaging and Biosensors
6.2.4.5 Enzyme Immobilization
6.3 Conclusion
Abbreviations
References
Chapter 7 Metal matrix nanocomposites (MMNCs) in engineering applications
Abhishek Tevatia
7.1 Introduction
7.2 Processing Techniques for MMNCs
7.2.1 Reinforcement material and structures
7.2.2 Matrix material selection
7.3 Strengthening Mechanisms
7.3.1 Load bearing effect
7.3.2 Enhanced dislocation density mechanism
7.3.3 Orowan strengthening
7.3.4 Modulus mismatch strengthening
7.3.5 Yield strength model
7.4 Mechanical and Thermal Properties
7.5 Applications of MMNCs
7.6 Concluding remarks
7.7 Reference
Chapter 8 Environmental impact in terms of nanotoxicity and limitations of employing inorganic nanofillers in polymers.
Feba Anna John, Ajith James Jose, Litty Theresa Biju
8.1 Introduction
8.2 Various types of nanomaterials that proliferated in the environment
8.2.1 Organic nanomaterials
8.2.2 Inorganic nanomaterials
8.2.3 Natural nanomaterials
8.2.4 Synthetic nanomaterials
8.2.5 Accidental nanomaterials
8.2.6 Zero-, one-, Two-, and three dimensional nanomaterials
8.3 How the environmental systems get closer to various types of nanomaterials
8.4 Toxicology of nanomaterials
8.4.1 Nanotoxicity- impact on soil and associated microbes
8.4.2 Nanotoxicity- impact on water quality and aquatic life
8.4.3 Nanotoxicity -Impact on plants
8.4.4 Nanotoxicity-impact on biological systems 
8.4.4.1 Ingestion
8.4.4.2 Inhalation
8.4.4.3 Dermal route
8.4.5 Nanotoxicity-Impact of nano fillers on human body
8.4.6 Nanotoxicity- Impact on nano medicine delivery applications
8.5 Influence of Inorganic nanofillers in various polymer nanocomposite
8.5.1 Inorganic nanofillers with bioplastics
8.5.2 Photopolymers
8.5.3 Polymer electrolytes
8.6 Various strategies to reduce nanotoxicity in the environments
8.6.1 National and International level regulations implemented for effective use of Nanomaterials.
8.6.2 Increasing the size of nanofillers
8.6.3 Assure the purity of nanofillers
8.6.4 Biocompatible coating on free nanoparticle
8.6.5 Effective categorization of nanowaste/nanofillers
8.6.6 Effective characterization of nanomaterials
8.7 Conclusion
References
Chapter 9 Inorganic Nanofillers Derived Polymers in Energy Storage and Devices
Bhadrapriya B C, Bosely Anne Bose, Nandakumar Kalarikkal
9.1 Introduction
9.2 Inorganic nanofillers derived polymers in energy storage and devices.
9.3 Energy storage performance of ferroelectric polymers with various inorganic fillers
9.4 Conclusion
Chapter 10 Fundamental applications of inorganic nanofillers for water purification using polymers.
Nizam P A, Sabu Thomas
10.1 Introduction
10.2 Membrane Technology
10.3 Types of Membranes
10.4 Common Method of Fabrication of Membranes
10.4.1 Phase Inversion Technique
10.4.2 Electrospinning
10.4.3 Track Etching
10.4.4 Photolithography
10.4.5 Sintering and Stretching
10.5 Polymer -Inorganic Composites
10.5.1 PVDF Inorganic Composites for Water Purification
10.5.2 Polyether Sulfone (PES)
10.6 Graphene-Based Polymer composites for water Treatment
10.7 Carbon Nanotubes-Polymer Composites for Water Treatment
10.8 Conclusion
References
Chapter 11 The integral postulation of inorganic nanofillers derived polymers applications in agriculture
Puspendu Barik, Ashis Bhattacharjee
11.1 Introduction
11.2 Polymer nanocomposites: Design and synthesis techniques
11.3 Application of polymer nanocomposites in Agriculture
11.3.1 Agrochemical delivery
11.3.2 Control of plant diseases
11.3.3 PNCs against plant pathogenic fungi
11.3.4 PNCs against plant pathogenic bacteria
11.3.5 Pollutants Removal
11.3.5.1 Removal of Metal Ions
11.3.5.2 Removal of dye molecules
11.3.6 Food Packaging
11.3.7 Biosensing
11.3.8 Gene Transfection
11.4 Commercialization of polymer nanocomposites for agriculture
11.5 Environmental risk assessment and toxicology study for agricultural purposes
11.6 Conclusion and Future Perspective
References

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Editor(s)

Biography

Dr. Bhasha Sharma is currently working as Assistant Professor in Department of Chemistry, Shivaji College, University of Delhi, India. She received her BSc (2011) in Polymer Sciences from the University of Delhi. Dr. Sharma completed her Ph.D. in Chemistry in 2019 under the guidance of Prof Purnima Jain from the University of Delhi. She has more than 7 years of teaching experience. She has published more than 40 research publications in reputed international journals. Her recently edited book titled "Graphene-based biopolymer nanocomposites" has been published in Springer Nature. Her authored book "3D Printing Technology for Sustainable Polymers" and edited books "Biodegradability of Conventional Plastics: Opportunities, Challenges, and Misconceptions", and "Sustainable Packaging: Gaps, Challenges, and Opportunities," has been accepted in Wiley, Elsevier, and Taylor Francis, respectively. Her research interests revolve around sustainable polymers for packaging applications, environmentally benign approaches for biodegradation of plastic wastes, fabrication of bionanocomposites, and finding strategies to ameliorate the electrochemical activity of biopolymers.

Dr. Vijay Chaudhary is currently working as an Assistant Professor (Grade-I) in the Department of Mechanical Engineering, Amity School of Engineering and Technology (A.S.E.T.), Amity University Uttar Pradesh, Noida (INDIA). He has completed his B. Tech. in 2011 from Department of Mechanical Engineering, Uttar Pradesh Technical University, Lucknow, India and then completed M. Tech (Hons) in 2013 from Department of Mechanical Engineering, Madan Mohan Malviya Engineering College, Gorakhpur, India.He has completed his Ph.D. in 2019 from Department of Mechanical Engineering, Netaji Subhas University of Technology, University of Delhi, India. His research area of interest lies in the area of Processing and characterization of Polymer composites, Tribological analysis of bio-fiber based polymer composites, water absorption of bio-fiber based polymer composites, and surface modification techniques related to polymer composite materials. Dr. Chaudhary has over 08 years of teaching and research experience. He has published more than 40 research papers in peer reviewed international journals as well as in reputed international and national conferences. He has published 16 book chapters with reputed publishers. More than 25 students has completed their Summer Internships, B.Tech. Projects and M.Tech. Dissertations under his guidance. Currently, he is working in the field of bio-composites, nano-composites and smart materials.

Dr. Shashank Shekhar is currently an Assistant Professor at Netaji Subhas University of Technology and is also associated with the Quantum Research Centre of Excellence as Associate Director in the Department of Renewable Energy. He completed his PhD in Chemistry at the University of Delhi. Dr. Shekhar has been working on biopolymers and Schiff base metal complexes for the last 5 years and has published more than 20 articles in reputed international journals. He has 6 years of research and teaching experience. Presently, he is working on several projects including the circular economy approach to plastic waste, synthesis of nanomaterials and nanocomposites for energy harnessing, biodegradation of plastic wastes, electrochemical analysis of resultant biodegradable nanocomposites for employment in super-capacitor applications, polymer technology for packaging applications.

Mr. Partha Pratim Das is currently associated with Cellulose and Composite research group in the department of materials science and metallurgical engineering at Indian Institute of Technology Hyderabad, India. He is currently pursuing Master of Technology (Materials Science and Metallurgical Engineering) from Indian Institute of Technology Hyderabad, India. He completed his B.Tech in Mechanical Engineering with in the year 2021 from Amity University Uttar Pradesh, Noida, India. During his B.Tech, he worked on various projects with the Indian Institute of Technology, Guwahati, and Indian Oil Corporation Limited, Guwahati, Assam. He has presented several research papers in national and international conferences, published research papers in SCI journals and a good number of book chapters to his credit with reputed publishers including springer, CRC press (T&F), and Elsevier. He is also served as a reviewer in materials today: proceeding and Applied composite materials, springer. He also Received the Innovative researcher of the year award in the year 2020. He is also a Certified Executive of Lean Management and Data Practitioner (Minitab and MS-Excel) from the Institute for Industrial Performance and Engagement(IIPE), Faridabad, India. Currently, he is working in the field of biodegradable food packaging applications, fiber-reinforced polymer composites for various applications. His area of research includes natural based composites, processing and characterization of polymer matrix composites, nanofiller based composites for various applications and biodegradable food packaging materials.