Having successfully replaced elements used in traditional, pollution-prone, energy-consuming separation processes, nanoporous materials play an important role in chemical processing. Although their unique structural or surface physicochemical properties can, to an extent, be tailored to meet specific process-related requirements, the task of characterizing them completely is still a difficult and frequently controversial problem.
Nanoporous Materials: Advanced Techniques for Characterization, Modeling, and Processing outlines existing and expected innovations in the combination of characterization and modeling techniques used to distinguish, monitor, and control the evolution of properties in nanoporous sorbents, catalysts, and membranes during their synthesis and utilization in several important energy processes.
Providing broad coverage of the subject to make it useful for academic and industrial researchers from different disciplines and backgrounds, this book:
- Presents the basic principles and major applications of key characterization techniques—from diffraction and spectroscopy to calorimetry and permeability
- Explores computer simulation techniques, an indispensable complement to the combination of the aforementioned analytical techniques
- Covers the fundamentals and the recent advances in sorption, membrane, and catalyst processes
- Describes two characteristic case studies on emerging areas of application of porous solids in the fields of gas-to-liquid conversion and hydrogen storage
This reference takes a detailed approach to the subject, starting with basics, so that beginners or non-expert readers can learn and apply presented fundamentals and examples to their work. Organized into well-focused sections written by internationally known experts, this book includes case studies, end-of-chapter problems, and illustrative video presentations of basic principles.
Table of Contents
Part I: Basic Principles, Recent Advances, and Expected Developments of Advanced Characterization Techniques
Scattering Techniques, G. Lelong, D.L. Price, and M.-L. Saboungi
Studying Diffusion and Mass Transfer at the Microscale, C. Chmelik, D.M. Ruthven, and J. Kärger
Nanoscale Microscopies, A.A.G. Tomlinson
Calorimetric Techniques, P.L. Llewellyn
The Combination of In Situ and Ex Situ Techniques for Monitoring and Controlling the Evolution of Nanostructure of Nanoporous Materials, G.N. Karanikolos, F.K. Katsaros, G.E. Romanos, K.L. Stefanopoulos, and N.K. Kanellopoulos
Part II: Fundamentals, Recent Advances, and Expected Developments of Simulation Methods
Mesoscopic Methods, P.M. Adler and J.-F. Thovert
Characterization of Macroscopically Nonhomogeneous Porous Media through Transient Gas Sorption or Permeation Measurements, J.H. Petropoulos and K.G. Papadokostaki
Part III: Fundamentals, Recent Advances and Expected in Sorption, Membrane, Catalytic and Novel Processes Involving Nanoporous Materials
Synthesis Processes of Nanoporous Solids, P. Cool, V. Meynen, and E.F. Vansant
Sorption Processes, F. Rodríguez-Reinoso, A. Sepúlveda-Escribano, and J. Silvestre-Albero
Fundamental Approach to Supercritical Hydrogen Adsorptivity of Nanoporous Carbons, S. Utsumi and K. Kaneko
Membrane Processes, A.F.P. Ferreira, M.C. Campo, A.M. Mendes, and F. Kapteijn
Diffusional Transport in Functional Materials: Zeolite, MOF, and Perovskite Gas Separation Membranes, Proton Exchange Membrane Fuel Cells, Dye-Sensitized Solar Cells, J. Caro
Zeolites and Mesoporous Aluminosilicates as Solid Acid Catalysts: Fundamentals and Future Challenges, A. Primo, A. Corma, and H. García
Part IV: Case Studies of Applications of Advanced Techniques in Involving Nanoporous Materials
Recent Developments in Gas-to-Liquid Conversion and Opportunities for Advanced Nanoporous Materials, G. Centi and S. Perathoner
Advanced Materials for Hydrogen Storage, Th.A. Steriotis, G.C. Charalambopoulou, and A.K. Stubos
Nikos Kanellopoulos is with the National Centre for Scientific Research in Greece.