755 pages | 18 Color Illus. | 292 B/W Illus.
Nanosilicon: Properties, Synthesis, Applications, Methods of Analysis and Control examines the latest developments on the physics and chemistry of nanosilicon. The book focuses on methods for producing nanosilicon, its electronic and optical properties, research methods to characterize its spectral and structural properties, and its possible applications.
The first part of the book covers the basic properties of semiconductors, including causes of the size dependence of the properties, structural and electronic properties, and physical characteristics of the various forms of silicon. It presents theoretical and experimental research results as well as examples of porous silicon and quantum dots.
The second part discusses the synthesis of nanosilicon, modification of the surface of nanoparticles, and properties of the resulting particles. The authors give special attention to the photoluminescence of silicon nanoparticles.
The third part describes methods used for studying and controlling the structure and properties of nanocrystalline silicon. These methods include standard ones, such as electron microscopy, spectroscopy, and diffraction, as well as novel techniques, such as femtosecond spectroscopy, ultrafast electron nanocrystallography, and dynamic transmission electron microscopy.
The fourth part details some of the practical applications of nanocrystalline silicon, including the use of nanoparticles as additives–absorbers of UV radiation in sunscreens.
Incorporating much of the authors’ own extensive research results, this book provides a systematic account of the scientific problems of nanosilicon and its potential practical applications. It will help readers understand current and emerging applications and research methods of this unique material.
Chapter 1. Some properties of semiconductors - the terminology
Chapter 2. Structure and properties of silicon
Chapter 3. Porous silicon: luminescent properties. (by V.Y. Timoshenko)
Chapter 4. Quantum dots.(QDs)
Chapter 5. Methods of synthesis, modification of the surface and defining characteristics of nanosilicon
Chapter 6. Oxidative processes in powders of nanosilicon
Chapter 7. Thin films of silicon nanoparticles deposited from sols
Chapter 8. Methods for investigation and control of the structure and properties of nanosilicon
Chapter 9. Methods for nanosilicon particle size control
Chapter 10. New X-ray diffraction methods of analysis of the microstructure and morphology of nanocrystalline powders. (by Matteo Leoni)
Chapter 11. Methods of femtosecond spectroscopy and electron diffraction with time resolution
Chapter 12. Fluorescent labels based on the nanosilicon. (by S.V.Sizova, and A.A.Ischenko)
Chapter 13. Porous silicon as a photosensitizer of singlet oxygen generation. (by V.Y. Timoshenko)
Chapter 14. Sunscreen. (by AA Ishchenko, AA Krutikova)
Chapter 15. Polymer composites based on nanosilicon
Chapter 16. Application of nanosilicon in solar energy