National Liberation Movements as Government in Africa (Hardback) book cover

National Liberation Movements as Government in Africa

Edited by Redie Bereketeab

© 2018 – Routledge

270 pages | 6 B/W Illus.

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pub: 2017-09-07
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Description

Africa is well known for the production of national liberation movements (NLMs), stemming from a history of exploitation, colonisation and slavery. NLMs are generally characterised by a struggle carried out by or in the name of suppressed people for political, social, cultural, economic, territorial liberation and decolonisation. Dozens of NLMs have ascended to state power in Africa following a successful violent popular struggle either as an outright military victory or a negotiated settlement. 

National Liberation Movements as Government in Africa analyses the performance of NLMs after they gain state power. The book tracks the initial promises and guiding principles of NLMs against their actual record in achieving socio-economic development goals such as peace, stability, state building and democratisation. The book explores the various different struggles for liberation, whether against European colonialism, white minority rule, neighbouring countries, or for internal reform or regime change. Bringing together case studies from Somalia, Somaliland, Uganda, Ethiopia, Eritrea, South Sudan, Namibia, Angola, Mozambique, South Africa, Zimbabwe, and Algeria, the book builds a comprehensive analysis of the challenges NLMs face when ascending to state power, and why so many ultimately end in failure.

This is an ideal resource for scholars, policy makers and students with an interest in African development, politics, and security studies.

Reviews

‘This collection provides a much needed conceptual and comparative analysis of African liberation movements whose struggles against oppression and questionable records as governments remain highly controversial. Wide-ranging and comprehensive, this volume constitutes a landmark in the study of contemporary African politics.’Roger Southall, Emeritus Professor in Sociology, University of the Witwatersrand, South Africa

‘This wide-ranging collection of case-studies takes our knowledge of national liberation movements in power in Africa to a new level and will be required reading for students of African politics.’Chris Saunders, Emeritus Professor, University of Cape Town, South Africa

Table of Contents

Part I: Conceptualisation and Performance of National Liberation Movements-cum-Governments

Chapter One: Introduction: Understanding National Liberation Movements Redie Bereketeab

Chapter Two: Varieties of African liberation movement governments M.A. Mohamed Salih

Chapter Three: Liberation Movements and the "Democratic Deficit" John Markakis

Part II: Liberation Struggles against European Colonisation

Chapter Four: The MPLA Government and its Post-liberation Record in Angola Paulo Ingles

Chapter Five: From Former Liberation Movement to Four Decades in Government: The Maintenance of the Frelimo State Adriano Nuvunga

Chapter Six: From Cabral’s Liberation Movement to Power Struggle and Ideological Erosion: The Decline of PAIGC in Guinea-Bissau Birgit Embaló

Chapter Seven: From Anticolonial Liberation Movement to Ruling Party: The FLN in Algeria Yahia H. Zoubir

Part III: Liberation Struggles against White Minority Rule

Chapter Eight: The African National Congress: From Liberation Movement to Neoliberal State Manager Patrick Bond

Chapter Nine: ZANU-PF in Power in Zimbabwe, 1980-2013: Towards Explaining Why Former Liberation Movements Fail as Governments Sabelo J. Ndlovu-Gatsheni

Part IV: Liberation Struggles against Annexation by Neighbouring Countries

Chapter Ten: Struggle Mentality versus Democracy: The Case of SWAPO of Namibia Henning Melber

Chapter Eleven: Problems of Transition to Civic Governance in Eritrea Redie Bereketeab

Chapter Twelve: Understanding Rebellion in South Sudan Leben Nelson Moro

Part V: Liberation Struggles for Reform (Regime Change)

Chapter Thirteen: Liberation Movements Turned Governments: The Ugandan Experience George G. Okiror

Chapter Fourteen: Ethiopia: The Quest for Transformation under EPRDF Kassahun Berhanu

Chapter Fifteen: Liberation Struggle for Regime Change: Somaliland’s transition from conflict to civilian government Michael Walls

Chapter Sixteen: Between the Devil and the Deep Blue Sea: The Birth and Breakdown of Somali Armed Movements, 1976-99 Mohamed Haji Ingiriis

About the Editor

Redie Bereketeab is Associate Professor of Sociology and Senior Researcher at The Nordic African Institute, Uppsala, Sweden.

About the Series

Routledge Studies in African Development

The series features innovative and original research on African development from scholars both within and outside of Africa. It particularly promotes comparative and interdisciplinary research targeted at a global readership.

In terms of theory and method, rather than basing itself on any one orthodoxy, the series draws broadly on the tool kit of the social sciences in general, emphasizing comparison, the analysis of the structure and processes, and the application of qualitative and quantitative methods.

The series welcomes submissions from established and junior authors on cutting-edge and high-level research on key topics that feature in global news and public debate. To submit proposals, please contact the Editor, Helena Hurd (Helena.Hurd@tandf.co.uk).

Learn more…

Subject Categories

BISAC Subject Codes/Headings:
POL053000
POLITICAL SCIENCE / World / African
SOC042000
SOCIAL SCIENCE / Developing Countries