The deterioration of détente in the wake of the ongoing Soviet arms build-up has sharply focused the East-West trade debate on the question of advanced technology transfer from the United States and its allies to the Soviet bloc. The transfer and acquisition of high technology have become central ingredients in super-power relations and are key elements of any national security policy. President Reagan, among others, has questioned the wisdom of the policies of the 1960s and early 1970s, when trade with the Soviet Union and Eastern Europe expanded rapidly. At recent industrial nation summits, conferees of Western countries agreed to high-level review of their East-West technology trade policies. But in light of the apparent West European commitment to continue and expand trade with the East, as exemplified by the Siberian gas pipeline project, and the growing U.S. opposition to such technology transfer, divisions between U.S. and Western trade policies toward the East are likely to become increasingly acute in the years ahead. Professors Bertsch and McIntyre have selected comprehensive and representative articles to examine the question of technology transfer from a variety of perspectives--political, economic, and military— emphasizing both the U.S. and the Western allies' points of view and offering insights into the complex issues raised by the strategic dimensions of East-West trade.
Also of Interest -- Preface -- The Issues of East-West Technology Transfer and Strategic Trade -- The Continuing Complexities of Technology Transfer -- The Economic Implications of East-West Trade and Technology Transfer -- The Distribution of Economic Costs and Benefits in U.S.-Soviet Trade -- The Fragile Foundations of East-West Trade -- The Political Implications of East-West Trade and Technology Transfer -- U.S.-Soviet Trade: The Question of Leverage -- The Limits of Pressure -- The Military Implications -- Soviet Acquisition of Western Technology -- Effects and Dangers of Technology Transfer -- U.S. and Alliance Export Control Policies -- U.S. Export Controls -- Multilateral Strategic Trade Controls Within the Western Alliance -- A New U.S. Export Control Policy -- The Views and Policies of America's Allies -- East-West Trade: A European View -- Promoting Trade and Protecting National Security -- Technology Transfer and East-West Trade: A Reappraisal -- Trading with the Russians: A Political Strategy for Economic Relations