Reviewing recently declassified CIA documents, this book provides a balanced but critical discussion of the contribution of American intelligence officials to the Nuremberg war crimes trials.
Giving new details of how senior Nazi war criminals, such as SS General Karl Wolff, were provided with effective immunity deals, partly as a reward for their wartime cooperation with US intelligence officials, including Allen Dulles, former CIA Director, the author also discusses the role of such officials in mobilizing the unique resources of a modern intelligence agency to provide important trial testimony and vital documentary evidence.
Nazi War Crimes, US Intelligence and Selective Prosecution at Nuremberg argues that both war crimes prosecutors and intelligence officials can engage in mutually beneficial collaborations, but that both sides need to recognize and appreciate the problems that may arise from the fact that these institutions are required to operate according to different, and in some cases contradictory, agendas.
This topical book gives those studying, or with interests in, international law, criminal law and history an insight into the debates surrounding international war crimes, within the context of the Nuremberg war crimes trials.
"Michael Salter's contribution to our understanding of the dynamics of intelligence operations and war crimes cannot be underestimated." - David Fraser, Journal of Law and Society, vol. 32 no. 2 (June 2008)
"Salter's book will appeal to scholars of wartime intelligence and postwar justice…it is important for what it tells us about the multifaceted and nuanced relationship between intelligence and justice, for its incorporation of the OSS into the narrative of the pre-history of the Nuremberg Trials, and for its new revelations on the long afterlife of Operation Sunrise." - Norman J.W. Goda, (Department of History, Ohio University) H-Net Humanities & Social Sciences Online (March 2009)
1. Introducing the Rationale, Aims and Methodology 2. Evidence of the War Criminality of the Wolff Group 3. The Geo-political Context of the Peace Negotiations Surrounding OSS' Operation Sunrise 4. Intervening on Behalf of Karl Wolff 5. Protecting the Wider Sunrise Group: Zimmer, Dollmann and Wenner 6. The Contribution of OSS Officials to the Prosecution of Nazi War Crimes 7. Gathering and Analysing the Materials that Became the R-Series of Nuremberg Trial Evidence 8. General Donovan's Contribution to the Nuremberg Trials. Summation: Taking Stock