The Open Access version of this book, available at https://doi.org/10.4324/9781351245623, has been made available under a Creative Commons Attribution-Non Commercial-No Derivatives 4.0 license.
The fact that women have achieved higher levels of political inclusion within low- and middle-income countries has generated much speculation about whether this is reaping broader benefits in tackling gender-based inequalities. This book uncovers the multiple political dynamics that influence governments to adopt and implement gender equity policies, pushing the debate beyond simply the role of women’s inclusion in influencing policy. Bringing the politics of development into discussion with feminist literature on women's empowerment, the book proposes the new concept of ‘power domains’ as a way to capture how inter-elite bargaining, coalitional politics, and social movement activism combine to shape policies that promote gender equity.
In particular, the book investigates the conditions under which countries in sub-Saharan Africa and South Asia have adopted legislation against domestic violence, which remains widespread in many developing countries. The book demonstrates that women’s presence in formal politics and policy spaces does not fully explain the pace in adopting and implementing domestic violence law. Underlying drivers of change within broader domains of power also include the role of clientelistic politics and informal processes of bargaining, coalition-building, and persuasion; the discursive framing of gender-equitable ideas; and how transnational norms influence women’s political inclusion and gender-inclusive policy outcomes. The comparative approach across Uganda, Rwanda, South Africa, Ghana, India, and Bangladesh demonstrates how advancing gender equality varies by political context and according to the interests surrounding a particular issue.
Negotiating Gender Equity in the Global South will be of interest to students and scholars of gender and development, as well as to activists within governments, political parties, nongovernmental organizations, women’s movements, and donor agencies, at national and international levels, who are looking to develop effective strategies for advancing gender equality.
Table of Contents
PART I: The politics of gender equity: setting the scene
1. Beyond the inclusion-to-influence debate: the politics of negotiating gender equity Sohela Nazneen and Sam Hickey
2. Investigating the politics of gender equity through a power domains approach Sam Hickey and Sohela Nazneen
3.Ending domestic violence: the politics of global norm diffusion Sophie King and Eleni Sifaki
PART II: The power of strongmen and ruling coalitions: promoting gender equity in dominant settlements
4. Contesting ideas, aligning incentives: the politics of Uganda’s Domestic Violence Act (2010) Josephine Ahikire and Amon Mwiine
5. Establishing a strong political commitment to gender equity: the politics of Rwanda’s law on Prevention and Punishment of Gender-Based Violence (2008) Jennie E. Burnet
6. Achieving a broad-based coalition: the politics of South Africa’s Domestic Violence Act (1998) Lillian Artz and Valérie Grand’Maison
PART III: The significance of informal networks: promoting gender equity in competitive settlements
7. Building strategic relationships with the political elites: the politics of Bangladesh’s Domestic Violence Act 2010 Sohela Nazneen
8. Between democratization and patronage: the politics of Ghana’s Domestic Violence Act (2007) Beatrix Allah-Mensah and Rhoda Osei-Afful
9. Building strong alliances: the politics of the Protection of Domestic Violence Act in India (2006) Asmita Basu
PART IV: Concluding thoughts and ways forward
10. How does politics shape the negotiation of gender equity in the Global South? A comparative analysis Sohela Nazneen and Sam Hickey
11. Researching the politics of gender equity: next steps Georgina Waylen
12. From transformative policy to transforming political settlements Anne Marie Goetz
Sohela Nazneen, Research Fellow, Gender and Sexuality, Institute of Development Studies, University of Sussex, UK.
Sam Hickey, Professor of Politics and Development and Research Director, Effective States and Inclusive Development Research Centre (ESID), The University of Manchester, UK.
Eleni Sifaki, Research Associate, Effective States and Inclusive Development Research Centre (ESID), The University of Manchester, UK.
'This book provides exciting new ways of thinking about how women’s rights policy change occurs in the Global South. Drawing on meso-level analysis of how six countries passed legislation to combat domestic violence, the book shows, for example, the importance of forming strategic alliances around the interests and ideas of dominant actors; the role of elite cohesion; and the politics of ideas and discursive framing of gender equity. It is certain to influence contemporary thinking about gender-related policy reform and, as such, it is a must read for international and domestic policy makers, women's rights activists, donors, scholars of gender and politics, and many others.'-- Aili Mari Tripp, Wangari Maathai Professor of Political Science & Gender and Women’s Studies, University of Wisconsin-Madison, USA
'Understanding the political processes that lead to greater gender equity in the Global South is a first step in tackling problems such as domestic violence in a transformative way. This book makes an important contribution both conceptually and empirically in this highly policy-relevant field – a must read for scholars, activists, and policy-makers committed to promote gender equality and social justice.' -- Katja Hujo, Senior Research Coordinator, Social Policy and Development Programme, UNRISD, Switzerland
'This book is a great addition to the literature on gender equality policies, focusing particularly on domestic violence in the Global South. It carefully demonstrates the strategies for confronting deeply entrenched power inequalities across institutions of the state and society. A must read for activists and researchers alike.' -- Nitya Rao, Professor of Gender and Development, University of East Anglia, UK
'This is an excellent collection of articles. Not only does it deal with a topic that has been prioritized by the international women’s movement, but it does so in an intellectually coherent way by locating empirical analysis from different parts of the world within a shared theoretical framework and a common research methodology.' -- Naila Kabeer, Professor of Gender and Development, London School of Economics and Political Science (LSE), UK
'Bringing together leading experts on gender and politics, this book demonstrates how states come to introduce and implement GBV laws. Diverse case studies draw attention to broad, inclusive feminist coalitions: cultivating both high-level and grassroots support. Enforcement and normative change then emerge as conditional upon three key dynamics: state commitment, state capacity, and state collaboration with civil society.' -- Alice Evans, Lecturer in the Social Science of Development, King’s College London, UK