This comprehensive volume investigates the dynamics of mobilization and demobilization of social networks before, during, and after episodes of political turbulence in the Middle East region, focusing particularly on the 2011 Arab uprisings. The authors consider important questions regarding agency, strategic action, and institutional outcomes that have significance for social mobilization, social movements, and authoritarian governance.
This collection proposes an interactive perspective linking up contentious politics with routine governance through a dynamic articulation of repertoires of contention. The authors use a micro-mobilization perspective to frame the different trajectories of protest networks in times of uncertainty. They place the interactions between grassroots activists, structured organizations, and state actors at the centre of the explanation of change and stability in the recent mobilizations of the region. By starting with descriptions of interactions at the grassroots level, the authors then explain macro level dynamics between networks and other players, including the state.
This book was originally published as a special issue of the journal Social Movement Studies.
Table of Contents
1. Activism in the Middle East and North Africa in times of upheaval: social networks’ actions and interactions
Frédéric Volpi and Janine A. Clark
2. Between rebellion and uprising intersecting networks and discursive strategies in rebel controlled Syria
Teije H. Donker
3. From local revolutionary action to exiled humanitarian work: activism in local social networks and communities’ formation in the Syrian post-2011 context
Laura Ruiz de Elvira
4. Together all the way? Abeyance and co-optation of Sunni networks in Lebanon
5. Politics of a garbage crisis: social networks, narratives, and frames of Lebanon’s 2015 protests and their aftermath
6. Local mobilisations and the formation of environmental networks in a democratizing Tunisia
7. From contestation to conciliation: social networks and engagement in the unemployed graduates movement in Morocco
Montserrat Emperador Badimon
8. Afterword: comparative versus historical research
James M. Jasper
Frédéric Volpi is Professor in the Department of Islamic and Middle Eastern Studies and Director of the Prince Alwaleed Bin Talal Centre for the Study of Islam in the Contemporary World at the University of Edinburgh, UK.
Janine A. Clark is a Professor of Political Science at the University of Guelph, Canada.