This comprehensive volume investigates the dynamics of mobilization and demobilization of social networks before, during, and after episodes of political turbulence in the Middle East region, focusing particularly on the 2011 Arab uprisings. The authors consider important questions regarding agency, strategic action, and institutional outcomes that have significance for social mobilization, social movements, and authoritarian governance.
This collection proposes an interactive perspective linking up contentious politics with routine governance through a dynamic articulation of repertoires of contention. The authors use a micro-mobilization perspective to frame the different trajectories of protest networks in times of uncertainty. They place the interactions between grassroots activists, structured organizations, and state actors at the centre of the explanation of change and stability in the recent mobilizations of the region. By starting with descriptions of interactions at the grassroots level, the authors then explain macro level dynamics between networks and other players, including the state.
This book was originally published as a special issue of the journal Social Movement Studies.
1. Activism in the Middle East and North Africa in times of upheaval: social networks’ actions and interactions
Frédéric Volpi and Janine A. Clark
2. Between rebellion and uprising intersecting networks and discursive strategies in rebel controlled Syria
Teije H. Donker
3. From local revolutionary action to exiled humanitarian work: activism in local social networks and communities’ formation in the Syrian post-2011 context
Laura Ruiz de Elvira
4. Together all the way? Abeyance and co-optation of Sunni networks in Lebanon
5. Politics of a garbage crisis: social networks, narratives, and frames of Lebanon’s 2015 protests and their aftermath
6. Local mobilisations and the formation of environmental networks in a democratizing Tunisia
7. From contestation to conciliation: social networks and engagement in the unemployed graduates movement in Morocco
Montserrat Emperador Badimon
8. Afterword: comparative versus historical research
James M. Jasper
The Mediterranean Politics series takes an inter-disciplinary approach which, while generally focused on the disciplines of politics and international relations, also encompasses economics, human geography, sociology, and religious studies, in order to shed light on the interconnectedness of polities and societies in the Mediterranean region. The series takes the study of Mediterranean politics as a focal point to examine the global and transnational linkages between the Mediterranean area and the wider world. Showcasing cutting edge new research on regional, transnational and comparative politics, it provides a forum for the discussion of Mediterranean politics with special reference to the interaction between European and Middle Eastern & North African countries.