© 2013 – Routledge
224 pages | 26 B/W Illus.
A map which shows where innovation is clustered worldwide is also a map of the location of the highly skilled and talented labour. New technologies, their creative applications or synergy across different areas of scientific research or technology development always create opportunities for the employment of particularly creative labour. This book explores the kinds of institutions and structures which need to exist to make sure that such skills are both offered and employed in particular ‘islands of innovation’.
Networking Regionalised Innovative Labour Markets illustrates the theme of how existing concentrations of skills in scientific, technological and managerial elites are reinforced through inter-regional mobility using exemplars from a range of countries and regions. These include the US, UK, Italy, Germany, and Central and Eastern Europe.
The book’s originality lies in its in-depth assessments of the factors associated with the extent to which some regions hold their positions in networked islands of innovation. It is shown that those islands of innovation that attract highly skilled workers from abroad, particularly those from foreign islands of innovation, perform better for example in the US, Italy and the UK. In contrast, even the most innovative Czech regions tend to lose the highly skilled workers vis-à-vis the most innovative regions of the world, mainly to regions in the USA.
Preface Ulrich Hilpert and Helen Lawton Smith Part I: Introduction – Exchange of Knowledge and the Building of Networks 1. Networking Regionalised Innovative Labour Markets: Towards spatial concentration and mutual exchange of competence, knowledge and synergy Ulrich Hilpert Part II: Islands of Innovation and Networks of Innovative Regional Labour Markets 2. Labour for Regional Innovation: The role of researchers for development and patterns of recruitment Ulrich Hilpert 3. Star Scientists, Islands of Innovation and Internationally Networked Labour Markets Michaela Trippl 4. Metropolitan Area Migration Patterns of the Scientific and Engineering Workforce Within the United States Vijai Singh and Christopher Briem 5. High Technology Local Economies: Geographical mobility of the highly skilled Rupert Waters and Helen Lawton Smith Part III: How to Connect with Mobile Innovative Competences – The Role of Appropriate Innovative Labour Markets 6. From Islands to Hubs of Innovation: Connecting innovative regions Andrea Caragliu and Peter Nijkamp 7. Islands of Innovation in the Czech Republic, the International Labour Market of Highly Skilled Workers and Brain Gain Policies Josef Bernard, Věra Patočková and Tomáš Kostelecký 8. Embedding Competencies: Human capital endowment and economic performances of Italian regions Vincenzo Demetrio and Paolo Giaccaria Part IV: Conclusions 9. Selected Places for Attracted Labour: Islands of innovation as carriers of knowledge for science-based development Ulrich Hilpert and Helen Lawton Smith
In today’s globalised, knowledge-driven and networked world, regions and cities have assumed heightened significance as the interconnected nodes of economic, social and cultural production, and as sites of new modes of economic governance and policy experimentation. This book series brings together incisive and critically engaged international and interdisciplinary research on this resurgence of regions and cities, and should be of interest to geographers, economists, sociologists, political scientists and cultural scholars, as well as to policy-makers involved in regional and urban development.
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