New Cultural Identitarian Political Movements in Developing Societies: The Bharatiya Janata Party, 1st Edition (Paperback) book cover

New Cultural Identitarian Political Movements in Developing Societies

The Bharatiya Janata Party, 1st Edition

By Sebastian Schwecke


218 pages

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Applying an intercultural and comparative theoretical approach across Asia and Africa, this book analyses the rise and moderation of political movements in developing societies which mobilise popular support with references to conceptions of cultural identity. The author includes not only the Hindu nationalist movement but also many Islamist political movements in a single category – New Cultural Identitarian Political Movements (NCIPM). Demonstrating significant similarities in the pattern of evolution between these and European Christian Democracy, the book provides an instrument for the analysis of these movements outside the parameters of the fundamentalism debate.

The book looks at a number of key variables for understanding the evolution of NCIPM, and it goes on to analyse the transition of developing societies from rent-based political economies to capitalism and the (partial) failure of this transition process. It argues that there is a need to incorporate economic and class analysis in the study of political processes in developing societies against the continuing emphasis on cultural factors associated with the "cultural turn" of social sciences. The book is an interesting contribution to studies in South Asian Politics, as well as Comparative Politics.

Table of Contents

Foreword: New Cultural Identitarian Political Movements in a Global Perspective Hartmut Elsenhans 1. Introduction 2. The Theoretical Framework: The Concept of New Cultural Identitarian Political Movements (NCIPM) 3. Context: Politics in India 4. Ideology and Political Practice of Hindu Nationalism 5. The Rise of the BJP 6. The BJP at the Regional and at the Local Level 7. The Changing Face of the BJP 8. Conclusion: The BJP as a New Cultural Identitarian Political Movement

About the Author

Sebastian Schwecke teaches South Asian Politics at the Centre for Modern Indian Studies (CeMIS), University of Göttingen, Germany.

About the Series

Routledge Advances in South Asian Studies

South Asia, with its burgeoning, ethnically diverse population, soaring economies, and nuclear weapons, is an increasingly important region in the global context. The series, which builds on this complex, dynamic and volatile area, features innovative and original research on the region as a whole or on the countries. Its scope extends to scholarly works drawing on history, politics, development studies, sociology and economics of individual countries from the region as well those that take an interdisciplinary and comparative approach to the area as a whole or to a comparison of two or more countries from this region. In terms of theory and method, rather than basing itself on any one orthodoxy, the series draws broadly on the insights germane to area studies, as well as the tool kit of the social sciences in general, emphasizing comparison, the analysis of the structure and processes, and the application of qualitative and quantitative methods. The series welcomes submissions from established authors in the field as well as from young authors who have recently completed their doctoral dissertations.

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Subject Categories

BISAC Subject Codes/Headings:
SOCIAL SCIENCE / Ethnic Studies / General