The systems in which we work continue to evolve, creating emergent problems and often strengthening intractable issues. In order to remain relevant and impactful, the discipline of ergonomics needs its paradigms to evolve too. The aim of this book is to provide researchers and practitioners with new paradigms in the form of ideas, concepts, theories, methods, practices and values. The chapters take the reader on a journey through underlying theories, new ways to apply those theories and emerging domains in which ergonomics is expected to play a greater role. Readers of this book will be inspired by these new paradigms in ergonomics and seek to push the boundaries even further. The lifeblood of the science depends on continual evolvement and developments to take on the challenges we face in complex sociotechnical systems design and evaluation. Perhaps the most significant take-home message from this book is the demonstration of how theory maps onto practice. As such, the only remaining paradigm shift is for these ideas, concepts, methods and practices to be taken up more widely and the discipline advanced, until the next paradigm shift occurs.
The chapters were originally published as a special issue in the journal Ergonomics.
1. Introduction: New paradigms in ergonomics Neville A. Stanton, Paul M. Salmon and Guy H. Walker
Theme 1: New paradigms in theories and methods
2. Quantum ergonomics: shifting the paradigm of the systems agenda Guy H. Walker, Paul M. Salmon, Melissa Bedinger and Neville A. Stanton
3. Nonlinear dynamical systems for theory and research in ergonomics Stephen J. Guastello
4. Fitting methods to paradigms: are ergonomics methods fit for systems thinking? Paul M. Salmon, Guy H. Walker, Gemma J. M. Read, Natassia Goode and Neville A. Stanton
5. Quantitative modelling in cognitive ergonomics: predicting signals passed at danger Neville Moray, John Groeger and Neville Stanton
6. Beyond human error taxonomies in assessment of risk in sociotechnical systems: a new paradigm with the EAST ‘broken-links’ approach Neville A. Stanton and Catherine Harvey
Theme 2: New paradigms in practice
7. Detection of error-related negativity in complex visual stimuli: a new neuroergonomic arrow in the practitioner’s quiver Ben D. Sawyer, Waldemar Karwowski, Petros Xanthopoulos and P. A. Hancock
8. Towards continuous and real-time attention monitoring at work: reaction time versus brain response Pavle Mijović, Vanja Ković, Maarten De Vos, Ivan Mačužić, Petar Todorović, Branislav Jeremić and Ivan Gligorijević
9. Musculoskeletal disorders as a fatigue failure process: evidence, implications and research needs Sean Gallagher and Mark C. Schall Jr.
Theme 3: New paradigms in domains and values
10. The field becomes the laboratory? The impact of the contextual digital footprint on the discipline of E/HF Sarah Sharples and Robert J. Houghton
11. Imposing limits on autonomous systems P. A. Hancock
12. Nature: a new paradigm for well-being and ergonomics Miles Richardson, Marta Maspero, David Golightly, David Sheffield, Vicki Staples and Ryan Lumber