The second half of the 19th Century saw a revolution in both European politics and philosophy. Philosophical fervour reflected political fervour. Five great critics dominated the European intellectual scene: Ludwig Feuerbach, Karl Marx, Soren Kierkegaard, Fyodor Dostoevsky, and Friedrich Nietzsche. "Nineteenth-Century Philosophy" assesses the response of each of these leading figures to Hegelian philosophy - the dominant paradigm of the time - to the shifting political landscape of Europe and the United States, and also to the emerging critique of modernity itself. Both individually and collectively, these thinkers succeeded in revolutionizing theology, philosophy, psychology, and politics. The period also saw the emergence of new schools of thought and new disciplinary thinking. The volume covers the birth of sociology and the social sciences, the development of French spiritualism, the beginning of American pragmatism, the rise of science and mathematics, and the maturation of hermeneutics and phenomenology.
Series Preface; Introduction, Daniel Conway; 1. Feuerbach and the Left and Right Hegelians, William Clare Roberts; 2. Marx and Marxism, Terrell Carver; 3. Soren Kierkegaard, Alastair Hannay; 4. Dostoevsky and Russian philosophy, Evgenia Cherkasova; 5. Life after the death of God: thus spoke Nietzsche, Daniel Conway; 6. Hermeneutics: Schleiermacher and Dilthey, Eric Sean Nelson; 7. French spiritualist philosophy, F. C. T. Moore; 8. The emergence of sociology and its theories: from Comte to Weber, Alan Sica; 9. Developments in philosophy of science and mathematics, Dale Jacquette; 10. Peirce: pragmatism and nature after Hegel, Douglas R. Anderson; 12. Aesthetics and the philosophy of art, Gary Shapiro