Nineteenth-Century Religion, Literature and Society : Traditions book cover
1st Edition

Nineteenth-Century Religion, Literature and Society

Edited By

Rebecca Styler

ISBN 9781138572805
Published December 15, 2020 by Routledge
374 Pages

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Book Description

This four-volume historical resource provides new opportunities for investigating the relationship between religion, literature and society in Britain and its imperial territories by making accessible a diverse selection of harder-to-find primary sources. These include religious fiction, poetry, essays, memoirs, sermons, travel writing, religious ephemera, unpublished notebooks and pamphlet literature. Spanning the long nineteenth century (c.1789–1914), the resource departs from older models of ‘the Victorian crisis of faith’ in order to open up new ways of conceptualising religion. This first volume looks at ‘Traditions’, offering an overview of the different religious traditions and denominations present in Britain during this period.

Table of Contents

Volume 1: Traditions

Ed. Rebecca Styler


Editor’s acknowledgements


General Introduction: Nineteenth-Century Religion, Literature and Society

Introduction to Volume I: Traditions


Evangelical Religion

    1. ‘Vital’ Religion
    2. 1. Extracts from Emma Jane Worboise, Married Life, or, The Story of Philip and Edith (1863)

    3. The authority of the Bible

2. Extracts from C. H. Spurgeon, ‘How to Read the Bible: A Sermon’ (1866)



Anglican Developments 

    1. The High Church Movement

3. Extracts from Frederick W. Faber, The Church, a Safeguard against Modern Selfishness (1840)

4. Frederick W. Faber, ‘Easter Communion’ (1856)

2.2 The Broad Church Movement

5. Extracts from A. I. Fitzroy, Dogma and the Church of England (1891)



Roman Catholicism

3.1 Roman Catholicism in Britain

6. Extracts from M. E. Herbert, Anglican Prejudices Against the Catholic Church (1866)

7. Extracts from M. E. Herbert, Impressions of Spain in 1866 (1866)  

3.2 Roman Catholicism in Ireland

8. Extracts from [Anon.], Letters of an Irish Catholic Layman (1883)



Scottish Presbyterianism

4.1 The Church of Scotland

9. Extracts from Norman Macleod, The Lord’s Day (1865)

4.2 The Free Church in Scotland

10. Extracts from Thomas Guthrie, The Principles of the Free Church of Scotland, and a Plea for the Ante-Disruption Ministers (1859)



Forms of Dissent 

5.1 Wesleyan Methodism

11. Charles Wesley, selections from Hymn Book of the United Methodist Free Churches (1867)

12. Extracts from Mary Fletcher, The Life of Mrs Mary Fletcher, Consort and Relict of the Rev. John Fletcher, Vicar of Madeley, Salop (1817)

5.2 Welsh Nonconformity

13. Extracts from Henry Richard, ‘The Established Church in Wales’ (1871)

14. William Williams Pantycelyn, ‘’Rwy’n edrych dros y bryniau pell’ (‘I look across the distant hills’) [n.d]

15. Ann Griffiths, ‘Wele’n sefyll rhwng y myrtwydd’ (‘See him

stand among the myrtles’) [n.d.] 

5.3 Unitarianism

16. Extracts from Lant Carpenter, The Beneficial Tendency of

Unitarianism (1845)

17. Anna Laetitia Barbauld, ‘The New Commandment’ [n.d.]

5.4 Quakers

18. Extracts from Thomas Clarkson, A Portraiture of Quakerism (1806)



New Nonconformist Movements 

6.1 Brethren

19. Extract from J. N. Darby, Reflections on the Ruined Condition

of the Church (1841)

20. A. N. Groves, ‘On Departure from Catholic Christianity’ (1836)

6.2 The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter Day Saints

21. John Jaques, ‘Necessity of a Living Prophet. Part 1’ (1853)

22. [Anon.], ‘Gathering’ (1853)

23. William G. Mills, ‘Our Home at Great Salt Lake’ (1853)




7.1 Orthodox Judaism

24. Extracts from Nathan Marcus Adler, The Jewish Faith (1848)

25. Nina Davis, ‘The Ark of the Covenant’ (1895)

7.2 Reform Judaism

26. Extract from D. W. Marks, Discourse Delivered at the Consecration of the West London Synagogue of British Jews (1842)

7.3 Liberal Judaism

27. Extracts from Lily Montagu, ‘Spiritual Possibilities of Judaism Today’ (1899)



Religious Traditions from Asia

8.1 Hinduism

28. Extracts from Rammohun Roy, Translation of an Abridgement of the Vedant, or, a Resolution of All the Veds (1816)

29. Miss Acland, ‘The Rajah’s Tomb’ (1866)

30. Extract from Kissory Chand Mittra, ‘The Last Days in England of Rajah Rammohun Roy’ (1866) 

8.2 Zoroastrianism

31. Extracts from Dadabhai Naoroji, The Parsee Religion (1861)

8.3 Islam

32. Extracts from Syed Ameer Ali, The Life and Teachings of Mohammed (1891)



Interpretive Traditions

9.1 Radical Christianity

33. Extracts from Joseph Rayner Stephens, The Political Preacher (1839)

34. [Anon.], ‘Hymn Thirteenth’ (1835)

35. John Henry Bramwich, ‘A Hymn’ (1846)

36. Thomas Cooper, ‘God of the Earth, And Sea, And Sky’ (1842) 

9.2 Feminist Religion

37. Extract from Frances Power Cobbe, Italics (1864)

38. Extract from Josephine E. Butler, ‘Introduction’ to Woman’s Work and Woman’s Culture (1869) 

9.3 Poetic and Aesthetic Religion

39. Mary Howitt, ‘The Spirit of Poetry’ (1847)

40. Extract from Anna B. Jameson, ‘Introduction’ to Sacred and Legendary Art (1848) 

9.4 Natural Religion

41. Extracts from Theodore Parker, ‘The Relation of the Religious Sentiment to God’ (1842)

42. Extract from J. R. Illingworth, Divine Immanence (1898)

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Rebecca Styler is Principal Lecturer in English at the University of Lincoln, UK.