1st Edition

Nineteenth-Century Religion, Literature and Society

Edited By

Rebecca Styler

ISBN 9781138572805
Published December 15, 2020 by Routledge
374 Pages

USD $140.00

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Book Description

This four-volume historical resource provides new opportunities for investigating the relationship between religion, literature and society in Britain and its imperial territories by making accessible a diverse selection of harder-to-find primary sources. These include religious fiction, poetry, essays, memoirs, sermons, travel writing, religious ephemera, unpublished notebooks and pamphlet literature. Spanning the long nineteenth century (c.1789–1914), the resource departs from older models of ‘the Victorian crisis of faith’ in order to open up new ways of conceptualising religion. This first volume looks at ‘Traditions’, offering an overview of the different religious traditions and denominations present in Britain during this period.

Table of Contents

Volume 1: Traditions

Ed. Rebecca Styler

Table of Contents


General Introduction



Part 1. Evangelical Religion

1.1 ‘Vital’ Religion

1. Emma Jane Worboise, extract from Married Life, or, The Story of Philip and Edith (London: Christian World, 1863), pp. 100–7, pp. 322–8.

1.2 The Authority of the Bible

2. C. H. Spurgeon, extract from ‘How to Read the Bible: A Sermon’, Metropolitan Tabernacle Pulpit, 58 (1912), pp. 422–30.

Part 2. Anglican Developments

2.1 The High Church Movement

3. Frederick W. Faber, extract from The Church, a Safeguard against Modern Selfishness (London: [n.p.], 1840), pp. 10–27.

4. F. W. Faber, ‘Easter Communion’, in Poems (London: Burns and Oates, 1856), pp. 148–9.

2.2 The Broad Church Movement

5. A. I. Fitzroy, Preface and Conclusin from Dogma and the Church of England (Edinburgh: William Blackwood and Sons, 1891), ‘’, pp. ix–xviii, 269–77.

Part 3. Roman Catholicism

3.1 Roman Catholicism in Britain

6. M. E. Herbert, extract from Anglican Prejudices Against the Catholic Church [1866], 2nd edition (London: Catholic Truth Society, 1899), pp. 8–11, 13-16, 19–21.

7. M. E. Herbert, ‘The Charitable Institutions and Convents of Seville’ in Impressions of Spain in 1866 (London: Richard Bentley, 1866), pp. 152–61.

3.2 Roman Catholicism in Ireland

8. Anon., extract from Letters of an Irish Catholic Layman; being an examination of the present state of Irish affairs in relation to the Irish Church and the Holy See (Dublin: Nation Office, 1884), pp. 12–20, 97–8, 2–5.



Part 4. Scottish Presbyterianism

4.1 The Church of Scotland

9. Norman MacLeod, extract from The Lord’s Day: Substance of a Speech Delivered at a meeting of the Presbytery of Glasgow on Thursday 16th November 1865 (Glasgow: James MacleHose, 1865), pp. 11–16, 29–35.

4.2 The Free Church in Scotland

10. Thomas Guthrie, extract from The Principles of the Free Church of Scotland, and a Plea for the Ante–Disruption Ministers (Edinburgh: [n.p.], 1859), pp. 11–24.

Part 5. Forms of Dissent

5.1 Wesleyan Methodism

11. [Charles Wesley], ‘Jesus, my life!’ (no. 347) and ‘Jesus hath died that I might live’ (no. 415), in J. Everett and M. Baxter (eds), Hymn Book of the United Methodist Free Churches, comprising the Collection of Hymns by the Rev. J. Wesley with Miscellaneous Hymns Suited for Occasional Services (London: William Reed, 1867), n.p.

12. Mary Fletcher, extract from The Life of Mrs Mary Fletcher, consort and relict of the Rev. John Fletcher, Vicar of Madeley, Salop: Compiled from her Journal and Other Authentic Documents, ed. Henry Moore [1817] (London: J. Kershaw, 1824), pp. 15–23, 107–8.

5.2 Welsh Nonconformity

13. Henry Richard, extract from ‘The Established Church in Wales’ (1871), in Letters and Essays on Wales (London: James Clarke, 1884), pp. 129–37, 146–47, 150-51, 159-60, 170–1, 179–83.

14. William Williams Pantycelyn, ‘’Rwy’n edrych dros y bryniau pell’ (‘I look across the distant hills’), in Gwynfor Evans (ed.), Land of My Fathers: 2000 Years of Welsh History (Talybont: Y Lolfa Press, 1992), p. 338.

15. Ann Griffiths, ‘Wele’n sefyll rhwng y myrtwydd’ (‘See him stand among the myrtles’), in Gwynfor Evans (ed.), Land of My Fathers: 2000 Years of Welsh History (Talybont: Y Lolfa Press, 1992), pp. 346–7.

5.3 Unitarianism

16. Lant Carpenter, extract from The Beneficial Tendency of Unitarianism (London: [n.p.], 1845), pp. 5–19.

17. Anna Laetitia Barbauld, ‘The New Commandment’ (no. 214), in James Martineau (ed.), Hymns for the Christian Church and Home [1840] (London: Longmans, Green & Co., 1866), n.p.


5.4 Quakers

18. Thomas Clarkson, extract from A Portraiture of Quakerism, as taken from a view of the Moral Education, Discipline, Peculiar Customs, Religious Principles, Political and Civil OEconomy, and Character, of the Society of Friends, 3 vols. (London: Longman, Hurst, Rees and Orme, 1806), vol. 2, pp. 235–7, 246; pp. 248–59; pp. 294–300; vol. 1, pp. 123–9; vol. 3, pp. 186–7; pp. 199–205.

Part 6. New Nonconformist Movements

6.1 Brethren

19. J. N. Darby, extract from Reflections on the Ruined Condition of the Church; and on the Efforts Making by Churchmen and Dissenters to Restore it to its Primitive Order (London: D. Walter, 1841), pp. 1–4, 20–4.

20. A. N. Groves, ‘On Departure from Catholic Christianity’, in Catholic Christianity and Party Communion (London: Morgan & Chase, n.d.], pp. 10–16.

6.2 The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter Day Saints

21. John Jaques, ‘Necessity of a Living Prophet. Part 1’, The Latter-Day Saints’ Millennial Star, 33, 15, 13 August 1853, pp. 529–32.

22. Anon., ‘Gathering’, The Latter–Day Saints’ Millennial Star, 3, 15, 15 January 1853, pp. 33–5.

23. William G. Mills, ‘Our Home at Great Salt Lake’, The Latter-Day Saints’ Millennial Star, 22, 15, 28 May 1853, pp. 351–2.

Part 7. Judaism

7.1 Orthodox Judaism

24. Nathan Marcus Adler, extract from The Jewish Faith: A Sermon Delivered in the Great Synagogue, Duke’s Place, Sabbath, 24 Shevat, 5608 (29 January 1848) (London: Effingham Wilson, 5608 [1848]), pp. 3–16.

25. Nina Davis, ‘The Ark of the Covenant’, Jewish Quarterly Review, 8, 1 (October 1895), pp. 82–6.

7.2 Reform Judaism

26. D. W. Marks, extract from Discourse Delivered at the Consecration of the West London Synagogue of British Jews, Thursday 16th Sebat A.M. 5602 – 27th January 1842 (London: Duncan & Malcolm, 5602/1842), pp. 6–12, 17–22.

7.3 Liberal Judaism

27. Lily Montagu, extract from ‘Spiritual Possibilities of Judaism Today’, Jewish Quarterly Review, 11, 2 (January 1899), pp. 216–30.


Part 8. Religious Traditions from Asia

8.1 Hinduism

28. Rammohun Roy, extract from Translation of an Abridgement of the Vedant, or, a Resolution of All the Veds (London: T. & J. Hoitt, 1817), pp. 1–13, 16-18

29. Miss Acland, ‘The Rajah’s Tomb’, in Mary Carpenter (ed.), The Last Days in England of Rajah Rammohun Roy (London: Trubner & Co., 1866), pp. 176–7.

30. Kissory Chand Mittra, extract from ‘The Last Days in England of Rajah Rammohun Roy’, in Mary Carpenter (ed.), The Last Days in England of Rajah Rammohun Roy, revd edn (Calcutta: Rammohun Roy Library, 1915), pp. 253–5.

8.2 Zoroastrianism

31. Dadabhai Naoroji, extract from The Parsee Religion (Liverpool: [n.p.], 1861), pp. 1–9, 20–7.

8.3 Islam

32. Syed Ameer Ali, extract from The Life and Teachings of Mohammed: or, the Spirit of Islam (London: W.H. Allen & Co., 1891), pp. 226–31, 233-4, 254–5, 262, 266–75, 362–5.


Part 9. Interpretive Traditions

9.1 Radical Christianity

33. Joseph Rayner Stephens, extract from The Political Preacher: An Appeal from the Pulpit on Behalf of the Poor (London: [n.p.], 1839), pp. 14–20, 22-3, 26-8, 31-2.

34. Anon., ‘Hymn Thirteenth’, National Chartist Hymnbook (Rochdale: [1835]), p. 12.

35. John Henry Bramwich, ‘A Hymn’, Northern Star, 4 April 1846, 1st edn, p. 3.

36. Thomas Cooper, ‘God of the Earth, And Sea, And Sky’, English Chartist Circular 2, 74 (1842), p. 88.

9.2 Feminist Religion

37. Frances Power Cobbe, extract from ‘Madonna Immacolata’ in Italics: Brief Notes on People, Politics and Places in Italy in 1864 (London: Trubner & Co., 1864), pp. 321–34.

38. Josephine E. Butler, extract from ‘Introduction’, in Josephine E. Butler (ed.), Woman’s Work and Woman’s Culture: A Series of Essays (London: Macmillan & Co., 1869), pp. liii–lx.

9.3 Poetic and Aesthetic Religion

39. Mary Howitt, ‘The Spirit of Poetry’, in Ballads and Poems (London: Longman, Brown, Green and Longmans, 1847), pp. 265–9.

40. Anna B. Jameson, ‘Introduction’, in Sacred and Legendary Art, 2 vols [1848], new edition (London: Longmans, Green & Co., 1890), vol. 1, pp. 1–7.

9.4 Natural Religion

41. Theodore Parker, A Discourse of Matters Pertaining to Religion [1842], in Frances Power Cobbe (ed.), Collected Works, 12 vols (London: Trubner & Co., 1863), vol. 1, book 2 ‘The Relation of the Religious Sentiment to God, or A Discourse of Inspiration’, pp. 110–17.

42. J. R. Illingworth, extract from ‘Divine Immanence in Nature’, in Divine Immanence: an Essay on the Spiritual Significance of Matter (London: Macmillan, 1898), pp. 64–73.

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Rebecca Styler is Principal Lecturer in English at the University of Lincoln, UK.