Non Hydrocarbon Methods of Geophysical Formation: 1st Edition (Hardback) book cover

Non Hydrocarbon Methods of Geophysical Formation

1st Edition

By James K. Hallenburg

CRC Press

288 pages

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Hardback: 9781566702621
pub: 1997-11-20
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Description

These three works cover the entire field of formation evaluation, from basic concepts and theories, through standard methods used by the petroleum industry, on to new and exciting applications in environmental science and engineering, hydrogeology, and other fields. Designed to be used individually or as a set, these volumes represent the first comprehensive assessment of all exploration methodologies. No other books offer the breadth of information and range of applications available in this set.

The first volume, Introduction to Geophysical Formation Evaluation, is the perfect introductory reference for environmental professionals without previous training in the field. It explains the fundamentals of geophysical exploration and analysis, illuminates the underlying theories, and offers practical guidance on how to use the available methodologies. General information on material behavior, porosity, tortuosity, permeability, cores, resistivity, radioactivity, and more provides a solid foundation for more advanced studies.

The second volume, Standard Methods of Geophysical Formation Evaluation builds on the basic precepts presented in the first work but can be used alone as a self-contained reference. It covers all the petroleum-oriented standard methods which, until recently, have comprised the majority of applications of geophysical formation evaluation. It also points out non-hydrocarbon uses of petroleum methods. This volume provides complete practical information and instructions on using the standard exploration and evaluation methods. It presents comprehensive, painstakingly detailed instructions for resistivity, radiation, and acoustic methods.

The third volume, Non-Hydrocarbon Methods of Geophysical Formation Evaluation, discusses uses of formation evaluation in environmental science and engineering, hydrogeology, and other fields outside the petroleum industry, and demonstrates how the standard methods can be adapted to these non-hydrocarbon purposes. It presents step-by-step instructions for photon, magnetic, nuclear, and acoustic methods of exploration, and gives special attention to the analytical techniques used in non-hydrocarbon exploration.

Individually, each book is a complete, stand-alone reference on an important area of this changing field. Together, the three volumes provide the most complete practical compendium available on all aspects of formation evaluation.

Table of Contents

Resistivity Methods

Discussion about Resistivity in Formation Evaluation

Introduction

Terminology

Temperature Effects

Resistivity Character of Rocks and Fluids

Checks

Measuring Resistivity from Cased Holes

Method

The Array Induction Tool

Formation Microscanner Tool (FMT)

Uses

Laboratory Methods

Samples

Porosity

Photon Methods

Requirements of Gamma Ray Systems

Accuracy

Sensitivity

Resolution

Natural Gamma Radiation

Laboratory Methods

Estimation of Uranium Amount

Detector Types

X Ray Methods

Borehole Logging Systems

X Ray Diffraction Analysis

Radon Surveys

Alpha Cups

Optical Systems

Ultra-Violet Methods

Beta-Gamma Method

Closed Can Analysis

Nuclear Methods

Neutron Methods

Magnetic Methods

Magnetic Methods

Introduction

Magnetic Relationships

Surface Measurements

Electromagnetic Systems

Nuclear Magnetic Methods

Magnetic Susceptibility Logging

Radar

Acoustic Methods

Acoustic Methods

Introduction

Array Sonic Systems

Borehole Seismic Methods

Borehole Televiewer

Long Spacing Acoustic Systems

Tomography

Temperature Methods

Temperature Methods

Introduction

Principles

Borehole Temperature

Uses of Temperature Measurements - Correction of Solution Resistivities

Thermal Conductivity

Determination of Formation Temperature

Injection of Fluids into the Formation

Fluid Entry into the Borehole

Fluid Loss and Communication

Borehole Calipers

Borehole Calipers

Introduction

Single-Armed Devices

Two-Arm Calipers

Three-Arm Calipers

Four-Arm Calipers

Multiple-Arm Calipers

Many-Arm Systems

Non-Mechanical Methods

Uses of Borehole Calipers

Dipmeter Methods

Dipmeter Methods

Surface/Laboratory Methods

Laboratory Methods

Samples

Porosity

Shale Determinations

Spectroscopy

Uses

Uses of Geophysical Methods

Salinity Effects

Oceanographic Uses

Detection of Massive Discontinuities

Engineering

Hydrology

Real Estate and Legal Uses

Analytical Methods

Analytical Methods

Single Measurements

Multiple Measurements

Water Exploration and Evaluation

Tomography

Metallic Mineral Exploration

Coal

Surface Methods

Analysis

Presentations

Oxidation/Reduction (Redox) Phenomena

Introduction

Chemistry

Relation to Geology

Mineral Deposition

Exploration and Production Problems

Electrodes

Importance of Electrodes

Types of Surface and Downhole Electrodes

Chemistry

Mechanics

Influence of the Tool Body and Cable

Radiation Shielding and Calibration Models

Shielding of Gamma Radiation

Introduction

Gamma Radiation

Neutron Shielding

Charged Particle Shielding

Uses of Calibration Models

Locations

Design of Calibration Models

Index

Subject Categories

BISAC Subject Codes/Headings:
SCI026000
SCIENCE / Environmental Science
SCI031000
SCIENCE / Earth Sciences / Geology